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Nelson, Laura K. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
This article proposes a three-step methodological framework called computational grounded theory, which combines expert human knowledge and hermeneutic skills with the processing power and pattern recognition of computers, producing a more methodologically rigorous but interpretive approach to content analysis. The first, pattern detection step,…
Descriptors: Grounded Theory, Content Analysis, Expertise, Hermeneutics
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Kuha, Jouni; Mills, Colin – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
It is widely believed that regression models for binary responses are problematic if we want to compare estimated coefficients from models for different groups or with different explanatory variables. This concern has two forms. The first arises if the binary model is treated as an estimate of a model for an unobserved continuous response and the…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Regression (Statistics), Research Problems, Computation
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Veri, Francesco – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
This article aims to clarify the fundamental aspects of aggregating fuzzy scores of conditions with multiple attributes in fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA). Fuzzy multiple attribute conditions (FMACs) are conditions that are built using different types of concepts. FMACs are flexible conditions that express the ontological nature…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Comparative Analysis, Computation, Scores
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Martínez, Sergio; Rueda, Maria; Arcos, Antonio; Martínez, Helena – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
This article discusses the estimation of a population proportion, using the auxiliary information available, which is incorporated into the estimation procedure by a probit model fit. Three probit regression estimators are considered, using model-based and model-assisted approaches. The theoretical properties of the proposed estimators are derived…
Descriptors: Computation, Regression (Statistics), Statistical Analysis, Population Groups
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Howie, Peter C.; Bagnall, Richard G. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
This article responds to the argued lack of clearly articulated, consistent, and agreed criteria that might be used by researchers for determining the adequacy of a given concept for a given task. It does so by describing the development of a framework of such criteria, presenting that framework, and illustratively applying it to the evaluation of…
Descriptors: Evaluation Criteria, Social Science Research, Models, Psychotherapy
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von Hippel, Paul T. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
When using multiple imputation, users often want to know how many imputations they need. An old answer is that 2-10 imputations usually suffice, but this recommendation only addresses the efficiency of point estimates. You may need more imputations if, in addition to efficient point estimates, you also want standard error (SE) estimates that would…
Descriptors: Computation, Error of Measurement, Data Analysis, Children
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Johnson, Michael Lee; Sedory, Stephen A.; Singh, Sarjinder – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
In this article, alternative randomized response models are proposed, which make use of sum of quantitative scores generated from two decks of cards being used in a survey. The proposed methods are compared to the Odumade and Singh and Singh and Grewal models through a simulation study. It is shown that the modified methods can be used more…
Descriptors: Scores, Surveys, Responses, Models
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Block, Per; Stadtfeld, Christoph; Snijders, Tom A. B. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Two approaches for the statistical analysis of social network generation are widely used; the tie-oriented exponential random graph model (ERGM) and the stochastic actor-oriented model (SAOM) or Siena model. While the choice for either model by empirical researchers often seems arbitrary, there are important differences between these models that…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Social Networks, Models, Network Analysis
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Bacak, Valerio; Kennedy, Edward H. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
A rapidly growing number of algorithms are available to researchers who apply statistical or machine learning methods to answer social science research questions. The unique advantages and limitations of each algorithm are relatively well known, but it is not possible to know in advance which algorithm is best suited for the particular research…
Descriptors: Violence, Census Figures, Correctional Institutions, Institutionalized Persons
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Dittrich, Dino; Leenders, Roger Th. A. J.; Mulder, Joris – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Currently available (classical) testing procedures for the network autocorrelation can only be used for falsifying a precise null hypothesis of no network effect. Classical methods can be neither used for quantifying evidence for the null nor for testing multiple hypotheses simultaneously. This article presents flexible Bayes factor testing…
Descriptors: Correlation, Bayesian Statistics, Networks, Evaluation Methods
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Houghton, James P.; Siegel, Michael; Madnick, Stuart; Tounaka, Nobuaki; Nakamura, Kazutaka; Sugiyama, Takaaki; Nakagawa, Daisuke; Shirnen, Buyanjargal – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
The potential of social media to give insight into the dynamic evolution of public conversations, and into their reactive and constitutive role in political activities, has to date been underdeveloped. While topic modeling can give static insight into the structure of a conversation, and keyword volume tracking can show how engagement with a…
Descriptors: Social Media, Political Attitudes, Computer Mediated Communication, Social Values
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Barrenechea, Rodrigo; Mahoney, James – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article develops a set-theoretic approach to Bayes's theorem and Bayesian process tracing. In the approach, hypothesis testing is the procedure whereby one updates beliefs by narrowing the range of states of the world that are regarded as possible, thus diminishing the domain in which the actual world can reside. By explicitly connecting…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Hypothesis Testing, Qualitative Research, Research Methodology
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Trouille, David; Tavory, Iddo – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article makes the case for shadowing as ethnographic methodology: focusing attention on what occurs as interlocutors move among settings and situations. Whereas ethnographers often zoom in on one principal set of situations or site, we argue that intersituational variation broadens and deepens the researcher's ethnographic account as well as…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Immigrants, Hispanic Americans, Parks
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Tavory, Iddo – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Ethnography is made of relationships. Even when the observations the ethnographer writes of take place between others in the field, it is through the development of relationships that data are generated and through a particular relationship that interpretation is offered. In this introduction to the special issue about relationships and theorizing…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Interpersonal Relationship, Theories, Power Structure
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Beach, Derek; Pedersen, Rasmus Brun – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
The last decade has witnessed resurgence in the interest in studying the causal mechanisms linking causes and effects. This article games through the methodological consequences that adopting a systems understanding of mechanisms has for what types of cases we should select when using in-depth case study methods like process tracing. The article…
Descriptors: Influences, Case Studies, Systems Approach, Selection Criteria
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