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Claassen, Christopher; Traunmüller, Richard – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
Religious group size, demographic composition, and the dynamics thereof are of interest in many areas of social science including migration, social cohesion, parties and voting, and violent conflict. Existing estimates however are of varying and perhaps poor quality because many countries do not collect official data on religious identity. We…
Descriptors: Religious Cultural Groups, Muslims, Jews, Census Figures
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Fu, Qiang; Guo, Xin; Land, Kenneth C. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
Count responses with grouping and right censoring have long been used in surveys to study a variety of behaviors, status, and attitudes. Yet grouping or right-censoring decisions of count responses still rely on arbitrary choices made by researchers. We develop a new method for evaluating grouping and right-censoring decisions of count responses…
Descriptors: Surveys, Artificial Intelligence, Evaluation Methods, Probability
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Dittrich, Dino; Leenders, Roger Th. A. J.; Mulder, Joris – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Currently available (classical) testing procedures for the network autocorrelation can only be used for falsifying a precise null hypothesis of no network effect. Classical methods can be neither used for quantifying evidence for the null nor for testing multiple hypotheses simultaneously. This article presents flexible Bayes factor testing…
Descriptors: Correlation, Bayesian Statistics, Networks, Evaluation Methods
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Barrenechea, Rodrigo; Mahoney, James – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article develops a set-theoretic approach to Bayes's theorem and Bayesian process tracing. In the approach, hypothesis testing is the procedure whereby one updates beliefs by narrowing the range of states of the world that are regarded as possible, thus diminishing the domain in which the actual world can reside. By explicitly connecting…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Hypothesis Testing, Qualitative Research, Research Methodology
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Klima, André; Schlesinger, Thomas; Thurner, Paul W.; Küchenhoff, Helmut – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Our objective is the estimation of voter transitions between two consecutive parliamentary elections. Usually, such analyses have been based either on individual survey data or on aggregated data. To move beyond these methods and their respective problems, we propose the application of so-called hybrid models, which combine aggregate and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Voting, Computation, Elections
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Muthén, Bengt; Asparouhov, Tihomir – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
This article reviews and compares recently proposed factor analytic and item response theory approaches to the study of invariance across groups. Two methods are described and contrasted. The alignment method considers the groups as a fixed mode of variation, while the random-intercept, random-loading two-level method considers the groups as a…
Descriptors: Measurement, Factor Analysis, Item Response Theory, Statistical Analysis