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Showing 1 to 15 of 171 results Save | Export
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Iannario, Maria; Manisera, Marica; Piccolo, Domenico; Zuccolotto, Paola – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
In analyzing data from attitude surveys, it is common to consider the "don't know" responses as missing values. In this article, we present a statistical model commonly used for the analysis of responses/evaluations expressed on Likert scales and extended to take into account the presence of don't know responses. The main objective is to…
Descriptors: Response Style (Tests), Likert Scales, Statistical Analysis, Models
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Firchow, Pamina; Mac Ginty, Roger – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
One of the main obstacles for survey researchers--especially those conducting surveys in difficult contexts such as postconflict areas--is accessing respondents. In order to address this problem, this article draws on an ongoing research project to reflect on the utility of mobile phones to connect with hard-to-access populations in conflict…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Telecommunications, Telephone Surveys, Developing Nations
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Nelson, Laura K. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
This article proposes a three-step methodological framework called computational grounded theory, which combines expert human knowledge and hermeneutic skills with the processing power and pattern recognition of computers, producing a more methodologically rigorous but interpretive approach to content analysis. The first, pattern detection step,…
Descriptors: Grounded Theory, Content Analysis, Expertise, Hermeneutics
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Liebe, Ulf; Moumouni, Ismaïl M.; Bigler, Christine; Ingabire, Chantal; Bieri, Sabin – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
Survey-based experimental methods are increasingly used in the social sciences to study, among others, attitudes, norms, and fairness judgments. One of these methods is the factorial survey experiment (FSE or vignette experiment) in which respondents are confronted with various descriptions of situations that differ in a discrete number of…
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Surveys, Attitudes, Behavior Standards
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Müller, Bettina; Castiglioni, Laura – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
In the context of cross-sectional surveys, the scope of research on the impact of response enhancing strategies on sample composition and nonresponse bias is vast. This topic has rarely been addressed for panel studies, however, although these are becoming an increasingly important data source in social research. In this article, we evaluate the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Surveys, Dropouts, Longitudinal Studies
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Uhrig, S. C. Noah; Watson, Nicole – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
Test-retest reliability assessments rarely investigate whether reliability itself is stable or change in reliability affects findings from substantive models. Research across the social sciences often recognizes that measurement error could influence results, yet it rarely applies established error correction methods. Focusing on gender wage…
Descriptors: Error of Measurement, Wages, National Surveys, Foreign Countries
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Menold, Natalja – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
Unlike other data collection modes, the effect of labeling rating scales on reliability and validity, as relevant aspects of measurement quality, has seldom been addressed in online surveys. In this study, verbal and numeric rating scales were compared in split-ballot online survey experiments. In the first experiment, respondents' cognitive…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Online Surveys, Cognitive Processes, Eye Movements
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Barban, N.; de Luna, X.; Lundholm, E.; Svensson, I.; Billari, F. C. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
In this article, we combine the extensive literature on the analysis of life-course trajectories as sequences with the literature on causal inference and propose a new matching approach to investigate the causal effect of the timing of life-course events on subsequent outcomes. Our matching approach takes into account pre-event confounders that…
Descriptors: Retirement, Experience, Older Adults, Foreign Countries
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Palmieri, Marco – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
The researcher, who pretests a questionnaire conventionally, is confident that a small number of interviews reveals numerous problems afflict the questionnaire. The standardized interviewer is asked to observe respondent's verbal behaviors in order to realize whether respondent misunderstands question. But this strategy fails when respondent does…
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Pretesting, Testing Problems, Interviews
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Kuha, Jouni; Mills, Colin – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
It is widely believed that regression models for binary responses are problematic if we want to compare estimated coefficients from models for different groups or with different explanatory variables. This concern has two forms. The first arises if the binary model is treated as an estimate of a model for an unobserved continuous response and the…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Regression (Statistics), Research Problems, Computation
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Su, Dan; Steiner, Peter M. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
Factorial surveys use a population of vignettes to elicit respondents' attitudes or beliefs about different hypothetical scenarios. However, the vignette population is frequently too large to be assessed by each respondent. Experimental designs such as randomized block confounded factorial (RBCF) designs, D-optimal designs, or random sampling…
Descriptors: Surveys, Vignettes, Factor Analysis, Research Design
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Davydov, Youri; Greselin, Francesca – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
The observed increase in economic inequality, where the major concern is relative to the huge growth of the highest incomes, motivates to revisit classical measures of inequality and to offer new ways to synthesize the variability of the entire income distribution. The idea is to provide policy makers a way to contrast the economic position of the…
Descriptors: Social Differences, Poverty, Advantaged, Measurement Techniques
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Mäs, Michael; Helbing, Dirk – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
Many sociological theories make critically different macropredictions when their microassumptions are implemented stochastically rather than deterministically. Deviations from individuals' behavioral patterns described by microtheories can spark cascades that change macrooutcomes, even when deviations are rare and random. With two experiments, we…
Descriptors: Social Theories, Prediction, Behavior Patterns, Sociology
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Chou, Winston; Imai, Kosuke; Rosenfeld, Bryn – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
Scholars increasingly rely on indirect questioning techniques to reduce social desirability bias and item nonresponse for sensitive survey questions. The major drawback of these approaches, however, is their inefficiency relative to direct questioning. We show how to improve the statistical analysis of the list experiment, randomized response…
Descriptors: Surveys, Test Items, Questioning Techniques, Statistical Analysis
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Baumgartner, Michael; Thiem, Alrik – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
To date, hundreds of researchers have employed the method of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) for the purpose of causal inference. In a recent series of simulation studies, however, several authors have questioned the correctness of QCA in this connection. Some prominent representatives of the method have replied in turn that simulations…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Comparative Analysis, Inferences, Evaluation Criteria
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