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Showing 1 to 15 of 104 results Save | Export
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Beach, Derek; Rohlfing, Ingo – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
In recent years, there has been increasing interest in the combination of two methods on the basis of set theory. In our introduction and this special issue, we focus on two variants of cross-case set-theoretic methods--"qualitative comparative analysis" (QCA) and typological theory (TT)--and their combination with process tracing (PT).…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Theories, Qualitative Research, Comparative Analysis
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Rohlfing, Ingo; Schneider, Carsten Q. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
The combination of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) with process tracing, which we call set-theoretic multimethod research (MMR), is steadily becoming more popular in empirical research. Despite the fact that both methods have an elected affinity based on set theory, it is not obvious how a within-case method operating in a single case and a…
Descriptors: Mixed Methods Research, Qualitative Research, Comparative Analysis, Theories
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Beach, Derek – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
This article explores the practical challenges one faces when combining qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) and process tracing (PT) in a manner that is consistent with their underlying assumptions about the nature of causal relationships. While PT builds on a mechanism-based understanding of causation, QCA as a comparative method makes claims…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Mixed Methods Research, Research Methodology, Case Studies
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Schleifer, Cyrus; Chaves, Mark – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
The positive relationship between family formation and regular weekly religious service attendance is well established, but cross-sectional data make it difficult to be confident that this relationship is causal. Moreover, if the relationship is causal, cross-sectional data make it difficult to disentangle the effects of three distinct…
Descriptors: Family Structure, Religion, Religious Factors, Marriage
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Vaisey, Stephen; Miles, Andrew – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
The recent change in the general social survey (GSS) to a rotating panel design is a landmark development for social scientists. Sociological methodologists have argued that fixed-effects (FE) models are generally the best starting point for analyzing panel data because they allow analysts to control for unobserved time-constant heterogeneity. We…
Descriptors: Surveys, Data, Statistical Analysis, Models
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Steiner, Peter M.; Kim, Yongnam; Hall, Courtney E.; Su, Dan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental designs like regression discontinuity (RD) designs, instrumental variable (IV) designs, and matching and propensity score (PS) designs are frequently used for inferring causal effects. It is well known that the features of these designs facilitate the identification of a causal estimand…
Descriptors: Graphs, Causal Models, Quasiexperimental Design, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Bail, Christopher A. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Social media websites such as Facebook and Twitter provide an unprecedented amount of qualitative data about organizations and collective behavior. Yet these new data sources lack critical information about the broader social context of collective behavior--or protect it behind strict privacy barriers. In this article, I introduce social media…
Descriptors: Data Collection, Social Media, Behavior, Surveys
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Vriens, Ingrid; Moors, Guy; Gelissen, John; Vermunt, Jeroen K. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Measuring values in sociological research sometimes involves the use of ranking data. A disadvantage of a ranking assignment is that the order in which the items are presented might influence the choice preferences of respondents regardless of the content being measured. The standard procedure to rule out such effects is to randomize the order of…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Social Science Research, Sociology, Structural Equation Models
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Halpern-Manners, Andrew; Warren, John Robert; Torche, Florencia – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Does participation in one wave of a survey have an effect on respondents' answers to questions in subsequent waves? In this article, we investigate the presence and magnitude of "panel conditioning" effects in one of the most frequently used data sets in the social sciences: the General Social Survey (GSS). Using longitudinal records…
Descriptors: Surveys, Participation, Conditioning, Test Wiseness
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Piccarreta, Raffaella – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
In its standard formulation, sequence analysis aims at finding typical patterns in a set of life courses represented as sequences. Recently, some proposals have been introduced to jointly analyze sequences defined on different domains (e.g., work career, partnership, and parental histories). We introduce measures to evaluate whether a set of…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Multivariate Analysis, Social Science Research, Factor Analysis
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An, Weihua; Winship, Christopher – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
In this article, we review popular parametric models for analyzing panel data and introduce the latest advances in matching methods for panel data analysis. To the extent that the parametric models and the matching methods offer distinct advantages for drawing causal inference, we suggest using both to cross-validate the evidence. We demonstrate…
Descriptors: Causal Models, Statistical Inference, Interviews, Race
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Young, Cristobal; Holsteen, Katherine – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Model uncertainty is pervasive in social science. A key question is how robust empirical results are to sensible changes in model specification. We present a new approach and applied statistical software for computational multimodel analysis. Our approach proceeds in two steps: First, we estimate the modeling distribution of estimates across all…
Descriptors: Models, Ambiguity (Context), Robustness (Statistics), Social Science Research
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Slez, Adam; O'Connell, Heather A.; Curtis, Katherine J. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Areal data have been used to good effect in a wide range of sociological research. One of the most persistent problems associated with this type of data, however, is the need to combine data sets with incongruous boundaries. To help address this problem, we introduce a new method for identifying common geographies. We show that identifying common…
Descriptors: Data, Data Processing, Geographic Information Systems, Research Methodology
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Braumoeller, Bear F. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) has become one of the most prominent methods in the social sciences for capturing causal complexity, especially for scholars with small- and medium-"N" data sets. This research note explores two key assumptions in fsQCA's methodology for testing for necessary and sufficient…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Comparative Analysis, Social Science Research, Research Methodology
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Mikkelsen, Kim Sass – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Contemporary case studies rely on verbal arguments and set theory to build or evaluate theoretical claims. While existing procedures excel in the use of qualitative information (information about kind), they ignore quantitative information (information about degree) at central points of the analysis. Effectively, contemporary case studies rely on…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Mathematical Models, Theories, Causal Models
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