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Showing 1 to 15 of 222 results Save | Export
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Møller, Jørgen; Skaaning, Svend-Erik – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
The historical turn in social science has prompted scholars to engage with the work of historians on a large scale. Here, social scientists face two standard problems of selection bias: confirmation bias and convenience sampling. So far, the record of dealing with these problems has been poor, and little has been done to specify how social…
Descriptors: Historians, Bias, Sampling, Research Problems
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Nelson, Laura K.; Burk, Derek; Knudsen, Marcel; McCall, Leslie – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
Advances in computer science and computational linguistics have yielded new, and faster, computational approaches to structuring and analyzing textual data. These approaches perform well on tasks like information extraction, but their ability to identify complex, socially constructed, and unsettled theoretical concepts--a central goal of…
Descriptors: Coding, Content Analysis, Computer Use, Artificial Intelligence
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Berk, Richard; Heidari, Hoda; Jabbari, Shahin; Kearns, Michael; Roth, Aaron – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
Objectives: Discussions of fairness in criminal justice risk assessments typically lack conceptual precision. Rhetoric too often substitutes for careful analysis. In this article, we seek to clarify the trade-offs between different kinds of fairness and between fairness and accuracy. Methods: We draw on the existing literatures in criminology,…
Descriptors: Justice, Crime, Risk Assessment, Accuracy
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Dudel, Christian – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
Markov models are important tools for quantitative social research. In this article, new methods for discrete Markov chains are presented. These methods allow us to calculate the distribution of the occupation time in a subset of the state space, the distribution of the waiting time to first entry into a subset of the state space, and the…
Descriptors: Markov Processes, Time, Males, Economic Climate
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Smyk, Magdalena; Tyrowicz, Joanna; van der Velde, Lucas – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
We investigate the reliability of data from the Wage Indicator (WI), the largest online survey on earnings and working conditions. Comparing WI to nationally representative data sources for 17 countries reveals that participants of WI are not likely to have been representatively drawn from the respective populations. Previous literature has…
Descriptors: Online Surveys, Data, Reliability, Wages
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Liebe, Ulf; Mariel, Petr; Beyer, Heiko; Meyerhoff, Jürgen – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
Multifactorial survey experiments such as stated choice experiments are used more and more frequently in social science research. In this article, based on an experimental study on ethical and political consumption, we explore the potential of hybrid choice models to explicitly model latent psychological factors such as attitudes, overcoming a…
Descriptors: Attitudes, Preferences, Behavior, Surveys
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Sivakumar, Vineetha – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
This article is developed from the contents from one of the chapters the researcher has written as part of her PhD thesis. It discusses various methodological challenges the researcher had to face during the phase of data collection in the prisons of Kerala, India, and the strategies adopted to overcome these challenges. This article is intended…
Descriptors: Correctional Institutions, Research Methodology, Data Collection, Qualitative Research
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Cai, Tianji; Xia, Yiwei; Zhou, Yisu – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
Analysts of discrete data often face the challenge of managing the tendency of inflation on certain values. When treated improperly, such phenomenon may lead to biased estimates and incorrect inferences. This study extends the existing literature on single-value inflated models and develops a general framework to handle variables with more than…
Descriptors: Statistical Distributions, Probability, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Bias
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Gummer, Tobias; Roßmann, Joss; Silber, Henning – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
Identifying inattentive respondents in self-administered surveys is a challenging goal for survey researchers. Instructed response items (IRIs) provide a measure for inattentiveness in grid questions that is easy to implement. The present article adds to the sparse research on the use and implementation of attention checks by addressing three…
Descriptors: Online Surveys, Attention, Response Style (Tests), Context Effect
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Swedberg, Richard – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
This article addresses the following question: Can speculation be used in social science research or should this not be an option? The secondary literature on speculation, which is minimal, is presented and discussed. It is noted that natural scientists often differentiate between a scientific form of speculation and the old metaphysical form of…
Descriptors: Social Science Research, Cognitive Processes, Philosophy, Natural Sciences
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Nassauer, Anne; Legewie, Nicolas M. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
Since the early 2000s, the proliferation of cameras, whether in mobile phones or CCTV, led to a sharp increase in visual recordings of human behavior. This vast pool of data enables new approaches to analyzing situational dynamics. Application is both qualitative and quantitative and ranges widely in fields such as sociology, psychology,…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Video Technology, Research Methodology, Research Tools
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Založnik, Maja; Bonsall, Michael B.; Harper, Sarah – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
An innovative mixed-methods approach to exploratory focus group design is presented using a case study conducted with smallholder rice farmers in Vietnam. Understanding human decision-making under the uncertainties of a complex and changing social and environmental context requires a flexible yet structured and theoretically grounded approach.…
Descriptors: Barriers, Second Languages, Agricultural Occupations, Decision Making
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Mitnik, Pablo A.; Cumberworth, Erin – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
Periodic changes in occupational classifications make it difficult to obtain consistent measures of social class over time, potentially jeopardizing research on class-based trends. The severity of this problem depends, in part, on the measurement strategies used to address those changes. The authors propose that when a sample has been coded partly…
Descriptors: Social Class, Occupations, Reliability, Measurement Techniques
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Charoenruk, Nuttirudee; Stange, Mathew – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
Most research on images in surveys has examined how images affect answers to questions, which are known as visual context effects. Less frequently studied is how respondents process images in surveys and how variation in processing impacts observing visual context effects. Using data from two eye-tracking studies, we found that less than half of…
Descriptors: Online Surveys, Visual Aids, Context Effect, Cognitive Processes
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Gerring, John; Pemstein, Daniel; Skaaning, Svend-Erik – Sociological Methods & Research, 2021
A key obstacle to measurement is the aggregation problem. Where indicators tap into common latent traits in theoretically meaningful ways, the problem may be solved by applying a data-informed ("inductive") measurement model, for example, factor analysis, structural equation models, or item response theory. Where they do not, researchers…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Measures (Individuals), Concept Formation, Social Science Research
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