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Reardon, Sean; Fahle, Erin; Kalogrides, Demetra; Podolsky, Anne; Zarate, Rosalia – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
Gender achievement gaps on national and state assessments have been a popular research topic over the last few decades. Many prior studies examine these gaps in different subjects (e.g., mathematics, reading, and science) and grades (typically kindergarten through eighth grade) for students living in various regions (typically states or countries)…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Gender Differences, Achievement Gap, Standardized Tests
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Stein, Amanda; Connors, Maia C. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
Educare is a network of enhanced Early Head Start (EHS)/Head Start (HS) (birth to age 5) programs that implement innovative Research-Program Partnerships (RPPs) to engage researchers, program leaders, staff, and at times, other stakeholders in a collaborative approach to supporting data use practices for decision-making and continuous quality…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Information Utilization, Early Childhood Education, Use Studies
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Cheung, Alan; Slavin, Robert E.; Lake, Cynthia; Kim, Elizabeth – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
Despite widespread recognition among policy makers, educational leaders, and the nation as a whole of the importance of science, engineering, and technology as drivers of the future of the country and society, the science achievement of America's students is mediocre at best, in comparison to that of international peers. On the 2012 PISA tests in…
Descriptors: Secondary School Science, Science Programs, Middle School Students, High School Students
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LaRusso, Maria; Jones, Stephanie M.; Kim, Ha Yeon; Kim, James; Donovan, Suzanne; Snow, Catherine – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
This paper presents an exploratory analysis of treatment-control differences in the quality of classroom interactions in 4th through 7th grade urban classrooms. Word Generation (WG) is a research-based academic language program for middle school students designed to teach novel vocabulary and literacy through language arts, math, science, and…
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Discourse Communities, Discourse Analysis, Academic Discourse
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Dong, Nianbo; Spybrook, Jessaca; Kelcey, Ben – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
The purpose of this study is to propose a general framework for power analyses to detect the moderator effects in two- and three-level cluster randomized trials (CRTs). The study specifically aims to: (1) develop the statistical formulations for calculating statistical power, minimum detectable effect size (MDES) and its confidence interval to…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Randomized Controlled Trials, Effect Size, Computation
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Pan, Yilin – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
Given the importance of education and the growing public demand for improving education quality under tight budget constraints, there has been an emerging movement to call for research-informed decisions in educational resource allocation. Despite the abundance of rigorous studies on the effectiveness, cost, and implementation of educational…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Decision Making, Educational Research, Research Methodology
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Hsu, Julian; Gehring, William J. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
This paper asks whether placement recommendations for a developmental math course at an elite public institution impact students' future academic performance, course-taking, and college outcomes. Researchers use these specific outcomes to measure whether developmental courses help students develop the skills necessary to succeed in college,…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Student Placement, Developmental Programs, Remedial Mathematics
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Jones, Stephanie M.; Kim, James; LaRusso, Maria; Kim, Ha Yeon; Selman, Robert; Uccelli, Paola; Barnes, Sophie; Donovan, Suzanne; Snow, Catherine – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
Word Generation (WG) is a research-based vocabulary program for middle school students designed to teach words through language arts, math, science, and social studies classes. The program consists of weekly units that introduce 5 high-utility target words through brief passages designed to spark active examination and discussion of contemporary…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Middle School Students, Interdisciplinary Approach, Group Discussion
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Fahle, Erin – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
Research on gender achievement gaps shows they exist, and are largest in the tails of the distribution, starting as early as Kindergarten and persisting through eighth grade. In mathematics, studies find small average gender achievement gaps and larger systematically male-favoring gaps among the highest achieving students. This paper seeks to…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Achievement Gap, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
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Schwartz, Kate; Cappella, Elise; Aber, J. Lawrence – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
Within low-income communities in low- and high-resource countries, there is a profound need for more effective schools that are better able to foster child and youth development and support student learning. This paper presents a theoretical framework for understanding the role of teacher ecology in influencing teacher effectiveness and, through…
Descriptors: Barriers, Teacher Effectiveness, Disadvantaged Schools, Teacher Characteristics
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Spybrook, Jessaca; Kelcey, Ben; Dong, Nianbo – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
Cluster randomized trials (CRTs), or studies in which intact groups of individuals are randomly assigned to a condition, are becoming more common in evaluation studies of educational programs. A specific type of CRT in which clusters are randomly assigned to treatment within blocks or sites, known as multisite cluster randomized trials (MSCRTs),…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Computation, Randomized Controlled Trials, Cluster Grouping
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Klute, Mary – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
This study seeks to answer the question: "What policies are in place in each of the 50 states related to state intervention with chronically low-performing schools?" To address this question, the study provides a summary of policies in place related to state interventions with chronically low-performing schools that can inform education…
Descriptors: State Policy, Educational Policy, School Effectiveness, Policy Analysis
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Seftor, Neil; Monahan, Shannon; McCutcheon, AnnaMaria – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) is a central and trusted source of information of scientific evidence for what works in education. Towards that end, the WWC summarizes research on a range of practices, programs, and policies (interventions) and disseminates that research in a variety of forms on the free public website. In recent years, the WWC…
Descriptors: Clearinghouses, Federal Programs, Educational Research, Decision Making
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Kitmitto, Sami; Levin, Jesse; Betts, Julian; Bos, Johannes; Eaton, Marian – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
In recent decades, magnet schools have become a way for districts to provide school choice. Magnet schools are one of the many options provided to parents so that they can select a school to meet their children's educational needs and interests. After a short gap in federal grants for magnet school implementation, Congress established the current…
Descriptors: Magnet Schools, Academic Achievement, Elementary Schools, Educational Change
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Fahle, Erin; Reardon, Sean – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
Describing the variation in test scores between and within school districts is critical for: (1) for policy-related and descriptive work that investigates the sorting of students among districts and the differential effectiveness of those districts; and (2) for methodological work planning future experiments or interventions. Intraclass…
Descriptors: School Districts, Scores, Comparative Analysis, School Effectiveness
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