ERIC Number: EJ1207201
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Self-Regulation and STEM Persistence in Minority and Non-Minority Students across the First Year of College
Park, Crystal L.; Williams, Michelle K.; Hernandez, Paul R.; Agocha, V. Bede; Carney, Lauren M.; DePetris, Andrea E.; Lee, Sharon Y.
Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, v22 n1 p91-112 Feb 2019
Psychological factors have been implicated in STEM persistence but remain poorly understood. In particular, the role of self-regulation--the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional skills that allow individuals to work efficiently toward their desired goals, especially when under stress--has received minimal attention. Psychological factors may be particularly important for persistence by underrepresented minority (URM) students, many of whom face significant barriers to success in STEM. We examined the extent to which self-regulation predicts STEM persistence in 755 STEM students and whether minority status moderated self-regulation's associations with STEM persistence. We found minimal differences in self-regulation styles between URM and nonunderrepresented minority students. Baseline cognitive-emotional self-regulation predicted intentions to persist in a science career, using alcohol and drugs to cope with stress predicted less persistence in STEM major across the year, and only URM status predicted end-of-year GPA. Cognitive-emotional self-regulation was more strongly related to intentions to persist for URMs, and use of humor coping was related to lower GPA especially for URMs. Future research is needed on self-regulation skills and students' trajectories of STEM success.
Descriptors: STEM Education, Academic Persistence, Self Management, Student Behavior, College Students, Minority Group Students, Disproportionate Representation, Cognitive Processes, Emotional Response, Drinking, Drug Abuse, Coping, Stress Management, Predictor Variables, Grade Point Average, Correlation, Intention, Humor
Springer. Available from: Springer Nature. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: https://link.springer.com/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH//DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1R01GM107707