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ERIC Number: EJ1225112
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0037-7724
Bridging Reading and Writing through C3 Inquiry
Heafner, Tina L.; Zimmerman, Aaron; Triplett, Nicholas; Journell, Wayne
Social Education, v80 n6 p343-349 Nov-Dec 2016
In seeking a disciplinary literacy model that would enable students to express well-developed perspectives and argue contrasting views with the sound use of evidence, the authors developed a student-driven model that emphasized historical investigation, offered substance, and scaffolded reading and writing. To support their project, they created easy-to-use primary and secondary source text collection. The curricular application focuses on American Imperialism. The primary and secondary source text collection is compatible with both 8th grade and high school social studies. The teacher needs to provide significant scaffolding and structuring. The authors recommend that writing be closely connected to texts. Primary and secondary source text collections such as the one presented in this article create an inquiry bridge between disciplinary reading and analytical writing. Although this article presents only one example, teachers can use this model to develop similar activities that structure, order and scaffold student disciplinary literacies and content understanding.
National Council for the Social Studies. 8555 Sixteenth Street #500, Silver Spring, MD 20910. Tel: 800-683-0812; Tel: 301-588-1800; Fax: 301-588-2049; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; High Schools
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A