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ERIC Number: EJ1367372
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2021
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2381-5183
Curricular Brood Parasitism in Malta: An Empirical Study of Vocational Education and the Reproduction of Social Inequality
Muscat-Inglott, Matthew
SoJo Journal: Educational Foundations and Social Justice Education, v7 n2 p53-66 2021
The study explores the social impacts of a relatively nascent vocational education and training (VET) sector in the European Union microstate of Malta, from a Deweyan reconstructionist philosophical position. It explores VET-social inequality complicity theory, or the idea that through a combination of employer-centered curricula and systematic convocation of students from low socioeconomic backgrounds, VET acts as a mechanism for the reproduction of social inequality. Publicly available secondary data were collected on socioeconomic markers as well as student body distributions from the 2 largest vocational and academic state-sponsored further and higher educational institutions on the Maltese islands. Two main research hypotheses were formulated to test, first, for statistically significant variations in socioeconomic status (SES) across the 6 main national districts, and second, for an association between residence in those districts and propensity to graduate from either a vocational or academic institution. The results showed overrepresentation of VET graduates from low SES districts, supporting the basic tenets of VET-social inequality complicity theory by way of a systematic channeling effect. The results also suggest that further and higher educational outcomes in Malta may be particularly sensitive to property wealth, a disconcerting finding given the tendency for property prices to inflate, potentially causing an ever-widening rift of social inequality. The article goes on to argue that VET institutions in Malta as well as further afield, are falling prey to a surreptitious form of curricular brood parasitism, engendering the need for radical curricular reform.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Malta
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A