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Showing 1 to 15 of 522 results Save | Export
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Jensen, Isabel Nadine; Slabakova, Roumyana; Westergaard, Marit; Lundquist, Björn – Second Language Research, 2020
The Bottleneck Hypothesis (Slabakova, 2008, 2013) proposes that acquiring properties of the functional morphology is the most challenging part of learning a second language. In the experiment presented here, the predictions of this hypothesis are tested in the second language (L2) English of Norwegian native speakers. Two constructions are…
Descriptors: Linguistic Theory, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Morphology (Languages)
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Puig-Mayenco, Eloi; González Alonso, Jorge; Rothman, Jason – Second Language Research, 2020
The present systematic review examines what factors determine when, how and to what extent previous linguistic experience (from the first language, second language or both languages) affects the initial stages and beyond of adult third language (L3) acquisition. In doing so, we address what a bird's eye view of the data tells us regarding…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Prior Learning, Native Language, Adults
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Hopp, Holger; Bail, Joseph; Jackson, Carrie N. – Second Language Research, 2020
The present study investigates whether second language (L2) speakers are sensitive to the information-structural constraints and frequency distributions at the syntax-discourse interface in the L2. L1-German--L2-English and L1-English--L2-German speakers completed a speeded naturalness judgment task. For sentences presented in broad or…
Descriptors: German, Native Language, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
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Nguy?n, Anh-Thu T – Second Language Research, 2020
This article reports a study that aimed to find out whether F0 patterns of L2 English produced by Vietnamese speakers are different to those of native English speakers, whether the non-native F0 patterns are transferred from Vietnamese, and to what extent English and Vietnamese F0 profiles differ. Ten native/L1 Australian English speakers, 20…
Descriptors: Tone Languages, Vietnamese, Comparative Analysis, Native Language
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Gor, Kira; Cook, Svetlana V. – Second Language Research, 2020
A phonological priming experiment reports inhibition for Russian prime-target pairs with onset overlap in native speakers. When preceded by the phonological prime /[image omitted]/, the target /kabak/ ("[image omitted]" -- "[image omitted]," "mare" -- PUB) takes longer to respond than the same target preceded by a…
Descriptors: Phonology, Priming, Word Frequency, Second Language Learning
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Hicks, Glyn; Domínguez, Laura – Second Language Research, 2020
This article proposes a formal model of the human language faculty that accommodates the possibility of 'attrition' (modification or loss) of morphosyntactic properties in a first language. Modeling L1 grammatical attrition entails a quite fundamental paradox: if the structure of the language faculty in principle allows for attrition of…
Descriptors: Grammar, Native Language, Language Skill Attrition, Models
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Brezina, Vaclav; Pallotti, Gabriele – Second Language Research, 2019
Morphological complexity (MC) is a relatively new construct in second language acquisition (SLA). After critically discussing existing approaches to calculating MC in first- and second-language acquisition research, this article presents a new operationalization of the construct, the Morphological Complexity Index (MCI). The MCI is applied in two…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Morphology (Languages), Teaching Methods
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De Clercq, Bastien; Housen, Alex – Second Language Research, 2019
Studies in second language acquisition (SLA) increasingly rely on measures of linguistic complexity to assess second language (L2) proficiency and development. While an important number of studies have risen to the call of studying a broader range of complexity related constructs (Bulté and Housen, 2012; Norris and Ortega, 2009), few have examined…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Grammar
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Ehret, Katharina; Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt – Second Language Research, 2019
We present a proof-of-concept study that sketches the use of compression algorithms to assess Kolmogorov complexity, which is a text-based, quantitative, holistic, and global measure of structural surface redundancy. Kolmogorov complexity has been used to explore cross-linguistic complexity variation in linguistic typology research, but we are the…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Difficulty Level, Contrastive Linguistics, Language Research
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van der Slik, Frans; Hout, Roeland van; Schepens, Job – Second Language Research, 2019
Applied linguistics may benefit from a morphological complexity measure to get a better grip on language learning problems and to better understand what kind of typological differences between languages are more important than others in facilitating or impeding adult learning of an additional language. Using speaking proficiency scores of 9,000…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Morphology (Languages), Applied Linguistics, Language Classification
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Paquot, Magali – Second Language Research, 2019
This article reports on the first results of a large-scale research programme that aims to define and circumscribe the construct of phraseological complexity and to theoretically and empirically demonstrate its relevance for second language theory. Within this broad agenda, the study has two main objectives. First, it investigates to what extent…
Descriptors: Interlanguage, Phrase Structure, Second Language Learning, Language Research
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Housen, Alex; De Clercq, Bastien; Kuiken, Folkert; Vedder, Ineke – Second Language Research, 2019
In the past decades, there has been a surge in interest in the study of language complexity in second language (L2) research. In this article we provide an overview of current theoretical and methodological practices in L2 complexity research, while simultaneously framing these within the broader scientific interest into the notion of complexity.…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Research, Syntax
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Artuso, Caterina; Palladino, Paola – Second Language Research, 2019
The current study investigates the relation between working memory updating and second language learning (L2) outcomes in typically-developing fourth grade children. Our primary aim was to replicate and extend previous findings on the relationship between updating and low-level reading skills, i.e. fluency. Our second objective was to examine…
Descriptors: Role, Short Term Memory, Second Language Learning, Grade 4
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Tsukada, Kimiko; Han, Jeong-Im – Second Language Research, 2019
While it is well established that non-native speakers differ from native speakers in their perception and/or production of Mandarin lexical tones, empirical studies focusing on non-native "learners" are still limited. The objective of this study is to add to the current understanding of lexical tone perception by comparing native…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Korean, Accuracy, Intonation
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Lago, Sol; Stutter Garcia, Anna; Felser, Claudia – Second Language Research, 2019
Previous studies have shown that multilingual speakers are influenced by their native (L1) and non-native (L2) grammars when learning a new language. But, so far, these studies have mostly used untimed metalinguistic tasks. Here we examine whether multilinguals' prior grammars also affect their sensitivity to morphosyntactic constraints during…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Grammar, Native Language
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