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Showing 1 to 15 of 675 results Save | Export
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Sílvia Perpiñán; Michael T. Putnam – Second Language Research, 2024
This special issue revisits a classic topic in linguistic theory, A-bar movement, applied to developing and bilingual grammars. We claim that A-bar movement, or filler-gap dependencies, is still the quintessential linguistic phenomenon to illustrate the interaction between the biological endowment, the experience with language (past and present),…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Multilingualism, Grammar, Second Language Learning
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Lauren Covey; Robert Fiorentino; Alison Gabriele – Second Language Research, 2024
This study investigates the processing of "wh"-dependencies in English by native speakers and advanced Mandarin Chinese-speaking learners. We examined processing at a filled gap site that was in a licit position (non-island) or located inside an island, a grammatically unlicensed position. Natives showed N400 in the non-island condition,…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Language Processing
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Boyoung Kim; Grant Goodall – Second Language Research, 2024
Recent approaches to the "that"-trace phenomenon in English include syntactic analyses based on the principle of Anti-locality and a sentence production analysis based on the Principle of End Weight. These analyses have many similarities, but they differ in their predictions for second language (L2) speakers. In an Anti-locality…
Descriptors: Syntax, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language)
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Ana Espírito Santo; Nélia Alexandre; Sílvia Perpiñán – Second Language Research, 2024
This article reports on an experimental study on the acquisition of prepositional relative clauses in second language European Portuguese by Chinese native speakers. It focuses on the role of resumption, mandatory in prepositional relative clauses in Chinese (the native language of the learners) and non-conventional in European Portuguese (the…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Phrase Structure, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Sílvia Perpiñán; Anna Cardinaletti – Second Language Research, 2024
This study attempts to explain a systematic phenomenon that has been described in interlanguage grammars crosslinguistically: Null-Prep, which consists of omitting the obligatory preposition in certain movement constructions. We propose that Null-Prep is not related to lack of knowledge of "wh"-movement, as previously assumed, but to…
Descriptors: Interlanguage, Grammar, Phrase Structure, Linguistic Theory
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Michael Putnam; Åshild Søfteland – Second Language Research, 2024
American Norwegian (AmNo), a moribund heritage variety of Norwegian spoken predominantly in the Upper Midwest of the US, licenses "wh"-infinitives (i.e. indirect questions), which are structures that are not acceptable in either standard Norwegian Bokmål or Norwegian dialects. Adopting a spanning-account of syntax (Blix, 2021; Julien,…
Descriptors: Norwegian, Language Variation, North Americans, Syntax
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Saad Aldosari; Lauren Covey; Alison Gabriele – Second Language Research, 2024
We investigate sensitivity to island constraints in English native speakers and Najdi Arabic learners of English, examining (1) whether second language (L2) learners whose native language (L1) does not instantiate overt "wh"-movement are sensitive to island constraints and (2) the source of island effects. Under a grammatical account of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Arabic, Undergraduate Students, Native Speakers
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Miriam Geiss; Maria F. Ferin; Theo Marinis; Tanja Kupisch – Second Language Research, 2024
This study investigates for the first time the comprehension of rhetorical questions (RhQs) in bilingual children. RhQs are non-canonical questions, as they are not used to request information, but to express the speaker's belief that the answer is already obvious. This special pragmatic meaning often arises by means of specific prosodic and…
Descriptors: Questioning Techniques, Italian, Bilingualism, Elementary School Students
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Barrientos, Fernanda – Second Language Research, 2023
The extent to which exposure to new phonemic contrasts (i.e. contrasts that are present in the L2 but not in the L1) will lead to the creation of a new phonemic category in L2 speakers, as well as the phonological nature of these categories, remains an open question insofar as there is no consensus on whether acquiring a new contrast would result…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language), Phonology
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Greer, Tim; Wagner, Johannes – Second Language Research, 2023
Study abroad homestays are generally assumed to provide visitors with opportunities to learn language 'in the wild' by participating in the host family's everyday life. Ultimately such participation is accomplished via individual episodes of interaction as the visitor is socialized into the family's mundane routines and rituals. Building on…
Descriptors: Study Abroad, Family Environment, Second Language Learning, Socialization
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Sockett, Geoffrey – Second Language Research, 2023
As research into online informal language learning (OILL) develops as a field, the impact on such practices for a wide variety of contexts can be considered. In the case of this publication, the study abroad (SA) context is of particular interest. Indeed the study abroad student may interact with a range of online learning resources in formal,…
Descriptors: Study Abroad, Informal Education, Learning Activities, Second Language Learning
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Mulík, Stanislav; Carrasco-Ortiz, Haydée – Second Language Research, 2023
This study investigated the influence of phonological word representations from both first language (L1) and second language (L2) on third language (L3) lexical learning in L1-dominant Spanish-English bilinguals. More specifically, we used event-related potentials (ERPs) to determine whether L1 Spanish and L2 English phonology modulates…
Descriptors: Native Language, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language)
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Uygun, Serkan; Schwarz, Lara; Clahsen, Harald – Second Language Research, 2023
Heritage speakers (HS) have been shown to experience difficulties with inflectional morphology (particularly with irregular morphology) and to frequently overapply regular morphology. The present study seeks to get further insight into the inflectional processes of HS by investigating how these are generalized to nonce words in language…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Turkish, Monolingualism, Second Language Learning
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Puimège, Eva; Montero Perez, Maribel; Peters, Elke – Second Language Research, 2023
This study examines the effect of textual enhancement on learners' attention to and learning of multiword units from captioned audiovisual input. We adopted a within-participants design in which 28 learners of English as a foreign language (EFL) watched a captioned video containing enhanced (underlined) and unenhanced multiword units. Using…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language), Recall (Psychology)
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Fernandez, Leigh B.; Bothe, Ricarda; Allen, Shanley E. M. – Second Language Research, 2023
In the current study we used the gaze-contingent moving window paradigm to directly compare the second language (L2) English perceptual span of two groups that speak languages with essentially the same lexicon and grammar but crucially with different writing directions (and scripts): Hindi (read left to right) and Urdu (read right to left). This…
Descriptors: Native Language, Second Language Learning, Transfer of Training, Urdu
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