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Showing 1 to 15 of 506 results Save | Export
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Brezina, Vaclav; Pallotti, Gabriele – Second Language Research, 2019
Morphological complexity (MC) is a relatively new construct in second language acquisition (SLA). After critically discussing existing approaches to calculating MC in first- and second-language acquisition research, this article presents a new operationalization of the construct, the Morphological Complexity Index (MCI). The MCI is applied in two…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Morphology (Languages), Teaching Methods
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De Clercq, Bastien; Housen, Alex – Second Language Research, 2019
Studies in second language acquisition (SLA) increasingly rely on measures of linguistic complexity to assess second language (L2) proficiency and development. While an important number of studies have risen to the call of studying a broader range of complexity related constructs (Bulté and Housen, 2012; Norris and Ortega, 2009), few have examined…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Grammar
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Ehret, Katharina; Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt – Second Language Research, 2019
We present a proof-of-concept study that sketches the use of compression algorithms to assess Kolmogorov complexity, which is a text-based, quantitative, holistic, and global measure of structural surface redundancy. Kolmogorov complexity has been used to explore cross-linguistic complexity variation in linguistic typology research, but we are the…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Difficulty Level, Contrastive Linguistics, Language Research
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van der Slik, Frans; Hout, Roeland van; Schepens, Job – Second Language Research, 2019
Applied linguistics may benefit from a morphological complexity measure to get a better grip on language learning problems and to better understand what kind of typological differences between languages are more important than others in facilitating or impeding adult learning of an additional language. Using speaking proficiency scores of 9,000…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Morphology (Languages), Applied Linguistics, Language Classification
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Paquot, Magali – Second Language Research, 2019
This article reports on the first results of a large-scale research programme that aims to define and circumscribe the construct of phraseological complexity and to theoretically and empirically demonstrate its relevance for second language theory. Within this broad agenda, the study has two main objectives. First, it investigates to what extent…
Descriptors: Interlanguage, Phrase Structure, Second Language Learning, Language Research
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Housen, Alex; De Clercq, Bastien; Kuiken, Folkert; Vedder, Ineke – Second Language Research, 2019
In the past decades, there has been a surge in interest in the study of language complexity in second language (L2) research. In this article we provide an overview of current theoretical and methodological practices in L2 complexity research, while simultaneously framing these within the broader scientific interest into the notion of complexity.…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Research, Syntax
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Frederiksen, Anne Therese; Mayberry, Rachel I. – Second Language Research, 2019
Previous research on reference tracking has revealed a tendency towards over-explicitness in second language (L2) learners. Only limited evidence exists that this trend extends to situations where the learner's first and second languages do not share a sensory-motor modality. Using a story-telling paradigm, this study examined how hearing novice…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, American Sign Language, Native Language, Psychomotor Skills
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Jacob, Gunnar; Safak, Duygu Fatma; Demir, Orhan; Kirkici, Bilal – Second Language Research, 2019
In a masked morphological priming experiment, we compared the processing of derived and inflected morphologically complex Turkish words in heritage speakers of Turkish living in Berlin and in native speakers of Turkish raised and living in Turkey. The results show significant derivational and inflectional priming effects of a similar magnitude in…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Turkish, Priming, Native Language
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Jessen, Anna; Felser, Claudia – Second Language Research, 2019
The present study used event related potentials (ERPs) to investigate how native (L1) German-speaking second-language (L2) learners of English process sentences containing filler-gap dependencies such as "Bill liked the house (women) that Bob built some ornaments for __ at his workplace." Using an experimental design which allowed us to…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Verbs, Native Language, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Al-Thubaiti, Kholoud A. – Second Language Research, 2019
This study examines whether the second language acquisition (L2A) of syntactic properties at the interfaces is problematic for L2 learners. English verb phrase ellipsis (VPE) was tested as an interface property which involves feature interpretability. Two subtle contrasts of VPE at different grammar-internal interfaces were examined: (a) copula…
Descriptors: Grammar, Second Language Learning, Semantics, Syntax
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Xu, Xiaodong; Pan, Meizhu; Dai, Haoyun; Zhang, Hui; Lu, Yiyi – Second Language Research, 2019
Conjunctions play a crucial role in the construction of a coherent mental representation by signaling coherence relations between clauses, especially for second language users. By using event-related potentials (ERPs), this study aimed to investigate how different conjunctions ("so," "and," "although," or a "full…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Second Language Learning, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Native Language
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Saito, Kazuya – Second Language Research, 2019
The current study longitudinally examined a crucial individual difference variable -- i.e. awareness (operationalized as explicit attention and articulatory knowledge) -- in adult second language (L2) speech learning in the context of 40 Japanese learners' English /[alveolar approximant]/ pronunciation development in an EFL classroom. The…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries
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Puig-Mayenco, Eloi; Marsden, Heather – Second Language Research, 2018
This study explores the source of transfer in third language (L3) English by two distinct groups of Catalan-Spanish bilinguals, simultaneous bilinguals and late bilinguals. Our study addresses two research questions: (1) Does transfer come from the first language (L1), the second language (L2), or both? and (2) Does age of acquisition of the L2…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Native Language, Multilingualism
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Lee, Albert; Mok, Peggy – Second Language Research, 2018
This article explores the acquisition of Japanese vowel and consonant quantity contrasts by Cantonese learners. Our goal is to examine whether transfer from first language (L1) is possible when L1 experience is phonemic but restricted to a small set of sounds (short vs. long vowels) and when the experience is non-phonemic, derived only at morpheme…
Descriptors: Japanese, Second Language Learning, Native Language, Sino Tibetan Languages
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Pretato, Elena; Peressotti, Francesca; Bertone, Carmela; Navarrete, Eduardo – Second Language Research, 2018
Recent evidence demonstrates that pictures corresponding to iconic signs are named faster than pictures corresponding to non-iconic signs. The present study investigates the locus of the iconicity advantage in hearing bimodal bilinguals. A naming experiment with iconic and non-iconic pictures in Italian Sign Language (LIS) was conducted. Bimodal…
Descriptors: Pictorial Stimuli, Bilingualism, Italian, Sign Language
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