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Lloyd, John – Scottish Educational Review, 1991
Before World War II, British schools provided free meals only to poor, malnourished children. Bombing, evacuation, and food rationing transformed public opinion about child welfare efforts and led to cabinet policies expanding school meals and milk services. Particular outcomes in Scotland and special provisions for small schools are discussed.…
Descriptors: Ancillary School Services, Attitude Change, Child Welfare, Elementary Secondary Education
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Pring, Richard – Scottish Educational Review, 1995
Questions the validity of much current educational research in Great Britain, suggesting that researchers lose sight of the "educational" in search of the "fundable." Offers examples of how education is missing from the purposes and language of research into "effective schools" and into the "learning…
Descriptors: Continuing Education, Educational Research, Effective Schools Research, Foreign Countries
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Watt, Joyce – Scottish Educational Review, 1996
Examines the role of early-education research in addressing issues of educational disadvantage and inequality, particularly in light of 1990s politics, which emphasizes the marketplace metaphor. Discusses the culture of achievement and failure, effects of disadvantaged background on young children's understanding of the learning task, teacher…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Action Research, Early Childhood Education, Educational Policy
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Reynolds, David – Scottish Educational Review, 1997
Reviews recent trends in school effectiveness research from a British perspective. Discusses the achievements of school effectiveness research in destroying assumptions of school impotence in the face of family background. Examines criticisms of effectiveness research, recent research themes, factors associated with school effectiveness, positive…
Descriptors: Criticism, Educational Trends, Effective Schools Research, Elementary Secondary Education
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Hartley, David – Scottish Educational Review, 1997
Examines current British concerns about the need for values education from the perspective of postmodern social theorists. Argues that, viewed sociologically, the current approach to values education is broadly functionalist (and conservative), for it fails to come to terms with the deep structure of contemporary society, specifically consumerism…
Descriptors: Capitalism, Cultural Context, Educational Environment, Educational Policy
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Tomlinson, Sally – Scottish Educational Review, 1991
This lecture seeks to (1) discuss the nature of resistance to the notion that Britain is a multicultural society, locating this resistance in the defence of an outdated view of the British national identity; (2) present some evidence of White pupil's negative views of minorities; and (3) identify aims and characteristics of effective schools in a…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
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Hargreaves, David H. – Scottish Educational Review, 1990
Begun in 1977, British efforts toward school improvement through monitoring and accountability have failed, partly because of the failure of school self-evaluation and teacher resistance to monitoring and concern about professional autonomy. However, inspectors, researchers, and teachers have increased our understanding of school effectiveness.…
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
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Marker, Willis – Scottish Educational Review, 1994
During the 1960s, a review of higher education by a commission chaired by Lord Robbins led to the recommendation that the separate colleges of education be brought into the university sector. Compares and contrasts the pluralistic policy process of the Robbins period with the process of recent changes in teacher education in Scotland. (KS)
Descriptors: Colleges, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Policy
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Finn, Gerard P. T. – Scottish Educational Review, 1987
Identifies racism in British society and discusses its influences on educational thinking and approaches, including some forms of multiculturalism. With special attention to Scottish racism, argues in favor of constructing a multicultural antiracism. (JHZ)
Descriptors: Blacks, Comparative Education, Cultural Context, Cultural Pluralism
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Hendry, Leo; Raymond, Martin – Scottish Educational Review, 1986
Semistructured interviews with 47 unemployed teenagers and 49 Youth Training Scheme (YTS) trainees in Great Britain suggest that beyond directly vocational aspects of YTS, psychosocial factors (social roles/status, peer influences, leisure pursuits) are important to self/social development of youth in transition to adult life. Implications for…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Job Training
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Lloyd, John – Scottish Educational Review, 1984
Under Secretary of State Thomas Johnston's leadership, the Council considered seven wide-ranging issues in education and produced a series of exemplary reports directed at reforms capable of speedy translation into practice. In the post-war period, the Council lost its influence and the Scottish Education Department returned to its traditional…
Descriptors: Advisory Committees, Board of Education Policy, Educational Change, Educational History
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Gatherer, W. A. – Scottish Educational Review, 1986
Discusses education's role in countering effects of poverty. Reviews successful and unsuccessful compensatory education programs in Great Britain. Emphasizes importance of educational research contributions and faults economic and political biases for reductions in programs serving disadvantaged children. Describes successful compensatory programs…
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Principles, Educational Research
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Simon, Brian – Scottish Educational Review, 1980
The author asserts that educational research in Britain has historically acted largely to ease implementation of policies already determined on political grounds and that this concern for "obvious relevance" resulted in a severe narrowing of research initiatives. He suggests that educational researchers take a more formative role in…
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Government Role
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Darling, John – Scottish Educational Review, 1981
This article starts by locating the early implementation of progressive educational ideas in Britain in small independent schools. It traces the development of one strand of progressive thinking, and identifies three key figures in its growth--Thomas Davidson, Cecil Reddie and Kurt Hahn. (Author)
Descriptors: Boarding Schools, Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Educational Practices
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Hendry, L. B.; Matheson, Patricia A. – Scottish Educational Review, 1979
This study considers the educational and social effects of different classroom settings on 99 primary-age children. Results show children in open-plan units are similar to those in the classroom unit in terms of intelligence, reading recognition, and vocabulary, but differ in their informal social interactions. (KC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Open Plan Schools, Primary Education
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