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Nicol, Bill – Scottish Educational Review, 1985
Presents edited lecture text given at the 1984 Scottish Educational Research Association annual conference. Reviews the history of the Scottish Education Department's involvement in educational research. Discusses annual research funding and allocation plus initiation and selection of projects. Lists 11 research projects with "awareness"…
Descriptors: Action Research, Agency Role, Educational Research, Foreign Countries
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Sutherland, Margaret B. – Scottish Educational Review, 1985
Considers possible links between development of empathy and some children's spontaneous creation of imaginary companions or situations, citing examples of Agatha Christie's "Autobiography." Questions if such activities show ability to "decenter emotionally." Suggests need for better methods of assessing emotional decentering…
Descriptors: Child Development, Children, Creative Activities, Emotional Development
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Raffe, David; Courtenay, Gill – Scottish Educational Review, 1987
Data on post-16 transitions from the 1985 Scottish Young Peoples Survey and from the England and Wales Youth Cohort Study reveal several differences reflecting institutional differences between the two systems. Data also reveal sociological similarities. Those who develop policy initiatives at a British level must respect both similarities and…
Descriptors: Articulation (Education), Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Differences
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Stocks, John – Scottish Educational Review, 1986
A nineteenth-century campaign to involve universities in teacher training was finally successful in 1895. The Scottish Education Department was opposed to university participation in teacher training, and in 1905, when training colleges were transferred from churches to the state, the government reorganized training to keep universities at the…
Descriptors: College Role, Educational History, Foreign Countries, Government Role
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Munn, Pamela – Scottish Educational Review, 1985
Compares teachers' perceptions of the school-based curriculum development process during the 2-year development of three new multidisciplinary courses in nine Scottish secondary schools. Suggests reasons for differences in perception including influence of the action research approach. Considers implications for future school based development.…
Descriptors: Action Research, Curriculum Development, Definitions, Foreign Countries
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Hartley, David – Scottish Educational Review, 1985
Provides sociological analysis of recent documents on social education in Scotland. Argues that sociological theory underpinning prescriptions for social education takes no account of social inequalities and social conflict in both education and society. Explores contradictions between social education and meritocratic individualism. Discusses…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Hidden Curriculum, Individualism
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Pont, Harry; Reid, Gordon – Scottish Educational Review, 1985
Examines attempts to clarify empirically what is stressful about teaching. Reports data--based on standard indices of stress--from study of 55 staff in 4 Scottish residential schools for children with emotional/social difficulties. Within context of providing teachers with inservice help in coping with stress, demonstrates inadequacies of current…
Descriptors: Coping, Foreign Countries, Inservice Teacher Education, Residential Schools
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Nisbet, John; Shucksmith, Janet – Scottish Educational Review, 1984
Discusses the metacognitive skill of learning to learn and explores questions related to its importance for teaching. Describes work in progress that is designed to incorporate learning to learn into the curriculum for 10-14 year olds. Presents a hierarchical model of learning skills, strategies, and approaches and a guide for teachers. (JHZ)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Curriculum Development, Educational Trends
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Wilson, John; And Others – Scottish Educational Review, 1984
Questionnaires and interviews were used to study the selection of initial teacher training applicants at Scotland's 7 colleges of education, which handled 5,455 applications for 1,657 positions in 1982. Results showed diversity of selection approaches, uncertainty of purpose among selectors, and reliance on a short interview for assessing…
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, College Admission, College Applicants, Decision Making
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Sharp, Alex – Scottish Educational Review, 1984
The phenomenon of behavioral problems in school confronts each personally- or professionally-involved party (teacher, pupil, researcher, or psychologist) with the need to become aware of those elements in the individual identity, the role-behavior, and the institutionally-defined practice that contribute to the emergence and perpetuation of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Conflict Resolution, Discipline, Discipline Problems
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Nisbet, Stanley – Scottish Educational Review, 1984
Recounts the origins and 10-year history of the Scottish Educational Research Association, founded to disseminate research findings and promote communication among researchers. Concludes that the association is modestly and steadily growing towards fulfillment of its goals and notes the benefits of its official link with the "Scottish…
Descriptors: Achievement, Educational Research, Educational Researchers, Foreign Countries
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Lawton, Denis – Scottish Educational Review, 1987
Brings together the literature of school-based evaluation, teacher appraisal, and effective schools and links those studies with the idea of the culture of the school. Analyzes curriculum needs in relation to eight cultural systems existing in every society: sociopolitical, economic, communication, rationality, technology, morality, belief, and…
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Cultural Influences, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education
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Lloyd, John – Scottish Educational Review, 1984
Under Secretary of State Thomas Johnston's leadership, the Council considered seven wide-ranging issues in education and produced a series of exemplary reports directed at reforms capable of speedy translation into practice. In the post-war period, the Council lost its influence and the Scottish Education Department returned to its traditional…
Descriptors: Advisory Committees, Board of Education Policy, Educational Change, Educational History
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Cumming, Chris; And Others – Scottish Educational Review, 1985
Used 34 teachers in 3 schools to identify teacher inservice needs. Described means to translate aims into action in context of collaborative staff development model proposed by Scotland's National Committee for In-Service Training of Teachers. Proposed concept of professional staff development whereby responsibility for learning/changing lies…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Inservice Teacher Education, Models, Needs Assessment
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Hendry, Leo; Marr, Douglas – Scottish Educational Review, 1985
Regional surveys of 32 Scottish schools, case study of 153 fourth-year pupils in 1 school, and post-school sampling of 68 individuals revealed similarities in organization but differences in aims, approaches, and attitudes toward leisure education. School-sponsored programs had little influence on leisure time use of adolescents or in post-school…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Definitions, Foreign Countries, Leisure Education
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