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Wicht, Alexandra; Rammstedt, Beatrice; Lechner, Clemens M. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
This study aims to illuminate factors that explain changes in literacy skills across up to six years of adulthood, using data from two waves of the German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS; N = 4,359). More specifically, we gauge the relative importance of three groups of factors that previous research and theorizing have highlighted as…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Literacy, Prediction, German
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Goldfeld, Sharon; Snow, Pamela; Eadie, Patricia; Munro, John; Gold, Lisa; Orsini, Francesca; Connell, Judy; Stark, Hannah; Watts, Amy; Shingles, Beth – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
Teacher knowledge is a critical factor in student success. In the Classroom Promotion of Oral Language cluster randomized controlled trial, we aimed to determine whether a teacher professional learning intervention focused on promoting oral language led to improved teacher knowledge. We report a study of the impact of professional learning on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Faculty Development, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Knowledge Level
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Davis, Bronwen J.; Evans, Mary Ann – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
The overlapping waves model put forth by Robert Siegler emphasizes variability, adaptive choice, and gradual change in children's problem solving. These concepts were applied to emergent reading of an alphabet book with pages of three difficulty levels. Ninety-one kindergartners completed tests of emergent literacy. Twice, about 12 weeks apart,…
Descriptors: Young Children, Kindergarten, Reading Strategies, Reading Skills
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West, Gillian; Shanks, David R.; Hulme, Charles – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
The procedural deficit hypothesis claims that impaired procedural learning is a causal risk factor for developmental dyslexia and developmental language disorder. We investigated the relationships between measures of basic cognitive processes (declarative learning, procedural learning and attention) and measures of attainment (reading, grammar and…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Learning Processes, Predictor Variables, Reading Skills
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Zhang, Shuai; Hudson, Alida; Ji, Xuejun Ryan; Joshi, R. Malatesha; Zamora, Juan; Gómez-Velázquez, Fabiola R.; González-Garrido, Andrés Antonio – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
This study examined Spanish spelling errors among 166 native Spanish-speaking students from Kindergarten to Grade 3 based on a spelling-to-diction task. Fifteen types of spelling errors were analyzed in a latent class analysis. Results suggested three phases of spellers: Phase 1 students had a high chance of committing almost all types of errors.…
Descriptors: Spelling, Spanish Speaking, Elementary School Students, Task Analysis
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Long, Debra L.; Freed, Erin M. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
Previous research has generally focused on understanding individual variation in either on-line processing or off-line comprehension even though some theories explicitly link difficulty in processing to comprehension problems. The goal of the current study was to examine individual variation in performance both during on-line and off-line reading…
Descriptors: Correlation, Individual Differences, Reading Comprehension, Word Frequency
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Andrews, Sally; Veldre, Aaron – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
This study used wrap-up effects on eye movements to assess the relationship between online reading behavior and comprehension. Participants, assessed on measures of reading, vocabulary, and spelling, read short passages that manipulated whether a syntactic boundary was "unmarked" by punctuation, "weakly marked" by a comma, or…
Descriptors: Sentences, Punctuation, Cues, Reading Comprehension
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Hessel, Annina K.; Nation, Kate; Murphy, Victoria A. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
This experiment investigated comprehension monitoring in children learning English as an additional language (EAL) compared to monolinguals. Sixty-three 9-10-year-old children read texts containing an internal inconsistency (e.g. a barking kitten vs. barking puppy) while their eye movements were monitored. Standardized tests measured word reading…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Leroy, Caroline; Gerjets, Peter; Oestermeier, Uwe; Kammerer, Yvonne – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
This study examined the effect of the reading environment, i.e., documents presentation and possibility of text-highlighting, on readers' integrated understanding, as well as the interplay between the reading environment and overt reading processes (i.e., online integrative processes) in forming intertextual connections. University students (N…
Descriptors: Reading Materials, Reading Processes, College Students, Reader Text Relationship
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Currie, Nicola K.; Francey, Gillian; Davies, Robert; Gray, Shelley; Bridges, Mindy S.; Restrepo, Maria Adelaida; Thompson, Marilyn S.; Ciraolo, Margeaux F.; Hu, Jinxiang; Cain, Kate – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
We examined sixth graders' detection of inconsistencies in narrative and expository passages, contrasting participants who were monolingual speakers (N = 85) or Spanish-English DLLs (N = 94) when recruited in pre-kindergarten (PK). We recorded self-paced reading times and judgments about whether the text made sense, and took an independent measure…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 6, Reading Comprehension, Reading Processes
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Huang, Xin; Lin, Dan; Yang, Yiming; Xu, Yuhang; Chen, Qingrong; Tanenhaus, Michael K. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
While recent studies find that contextual diversity (CD) is a better determinant of visual word recognition than token frequency, there is a dearth of work comparing contextual diversity and token frequency in developing readers. In two sets of character and lexical decision experiments we examined token frequency and contextual diversity effects…
Descriptors: Orthographic Symbols, Word Recognition, Context Effect, Word Frequency
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Yeari, Menahem; Lev, Noa – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
This study was designed to examine the ability of poor comprehenders to identify, attend, and remember central and peripheral ideas during and after reading. To address these goals, good and poor comprehenders, matched on reading (word decoding) skills and non-verbal intelligence, read three expository texts, while their eye-movements were…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Decoding (Reading), Nonverbal Ability
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Liu, Nina; Wang, Xia; Yan, Guoli; Paterson, Kevin B.; Pagán, Ascensión – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
The frequency and contextual predictability of words have a fundamental role in determining "where" and "when" the eyes move during reading in both alphabetic and non-alphabetic languages. However, surprising little is known about the how the influence of these variables develops, although this is important for understanding…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Chinese, Alphabets, Word Frequency
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Gonzalez-Frey, Selenid M.; Ehri, Linnea C. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
Two methods of decoding instruction were compared. Participants were kindergartners who knew letter sounds but could not decode nonwords, M = 5.6 years. The segmented phonation treatment taught students to convert graphemes to phonemes by breaking the speech stream ("sss -- aaa -- nnn") before blending. The connected phonation treatment…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Decoding (Reading), Reading Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Antzaka, Alexia; Acha, Joana; Carreiras, Manuel; Lallier, Marie – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
The goal of the paper was to investigate whether morphological units -- stems and suffixes -- influence orthographic processing by modulating visual attention demands to the task. Orthographic processing was measured with a visual one-back task requiring letters to be detected within pseudowords not including stems/suffixes, or containing real…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Morphemes, Reading Processes, Orthographic Symbols
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