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Denton, Carolyn A.; Tamm, Leanne; Schatschneider, Christopher; Epstein, Jeffery N. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Many students with reading difficulties and disabilities (RD) also have Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This randomized clinical trial compared the effects of ADHD treatment alone (medication, parent training), intensive reading intervention alone, and their combination on the reading fluency and comprehension of students with…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Treatment, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Reading Difficulties, Intervention
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McGrath, Lauren M.; Peterson, Robin L.; Pennington, Bruce F. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
The multiple deficit model (MDM) was proposed because the prevailing single deficit model provided an inadequate account of atypical neuropsychological development. Across methods and levels of analysis, there has been support for the two fundamental tenets of the MDM, that multiple predictors contribute probabilistically to neurodevelopmental…
Descriptors: Models, Individual Development, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comorbidity
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Daucourt, Mia C.; Erbeli, Florina; Little, Callie W.; Haughbrook, Rasheda; Hart, Sara A. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
According to the Multiple Deficit Model, comorbidity results when the genetic and environmental risk factors that increase the liability for a disorder are domain-general. In order to explore the role of domain-general etiological risk factors in the co-occurrence of learning-related difficulties, the current meta-analysis compiled 38 studies of…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Reading Skills, Mathematics Skills
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Horbach, Josefine; Mayer, Axel; Scharke, Wolfgang; Heim, Stefan; Günther, Thomas – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Previous studies have established the relationship between behavioral problems and specific learning disorders (SLD); however, the exact mechanism by which behavioral disorders impact SLD remains unclear. This longitudinal study used the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to investigate how parents' judgment of children's behavioral problems changed…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Child Behavior, Learning Disabilities, Check Lists
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Joyner, Rachel E.; Wagner, Richard K. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Despite the importance of identifying individuals with reading disabilities, existing operational definitions of reading disability do not result in reliable identification. A large part of the problem arises from measurement error when a cut-point is imposed on a continuous distribution, especially for low base-rate conditions. One way to reduce…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Reading Difficulties, Mathematics, Learning Disabilities
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Sunde, Kristin; Furnes, Bjarte; Lundetrae, Kjersti – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Learning the relationships between letters and sounds is a key component of early literacy development and a central aim during the first year of school. Introducing one new letter a week is the most common approach in many countries, but little is known about how the pace of letter instruction contributes to the development of early literacy…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Emergent Literacy, Spelling
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Clayton, Francina J.; West, Gillian; Sears, Claire; Hulme, Charles; Lervåg, Arne – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
It is now widely accepted that phonological language skills are a critical foundation for learning to read (decode). This longitudinal study investigated the predictive relationship between a range of key phonological language skills and early reading development in a sample of 191 children in their first year at school. The study also explored…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Beginning Reading, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence
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d'Apice, Katrina; von Stumm, Sophie – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Children's language and cognitive development are informed by adult spoken language and parental literacy behaviors, although their relative contributions have not been evaluated. Using digital audio-recorders, we unobtrusively observed the spoken language of 107 children, aged 24 to 48 months (M = 32, SD = 6.5), and their families over 3 days (M…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Acquisition, Cognitive Development, Parent Influence
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Castet, Éric; Descamps, Marine; Denis-Noël, Ambre; Colé, Pascale – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
The potential role of iconic memory in dyslexia-specific partial report deficits has never been investigated although it may help distinguish between different visuo-attentional theories of dyslexia. The present study is a first step towards such an investigation within an iconic memory framework. 20 French-speaking university students with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dyslexia, Short Term Memory, Visual Perception
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Friedlander, Elliott W. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
The developing world faces a learning crisis, wherein children fail to master basic skills despite years of primary school attendance. The literature indicates that both in-school and at-home experiences impact children's reading development, yet most developing world studies focus on children's in-school experiences exclusively. This current…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Educational Environment, Reading Skills, Family Literacy
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Wang, Lei; Liu, Duo – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
In this study, we examined the mechanism for the relationship between morphological awareness and Chinese character reading in a group of Hong Kong primary school children when they were in grade two (n = 176, mean age = 8.07) and grade three (n = 163, mean age = 9.02). The results showed that morphological awareness, morpheme family size and the…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Morphology (Languages), Metalinguistics, Elementary School Students
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Sawi, Oliver M.; Rueckl, Jay – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
The processes underlying word reading are shaped by statistical properties of the writing system. According to some theoretical perspectives, reading acquisition should be understood as an exercise in statistical learning (SL). SL involves the extraction of organizing principles from a set of inputs. Several lines of research provide convergent…
Descriptors: Reading, Incidental Learning, Learning Theories, Memory
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Rahmanian, Sadaf; Kuperman, Victor – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
Spelling errors are typically thought of as an "effect" of a word's weak orthographic representation in an individual mind. What if existence of spelling errors is a partial "cause" of effortful orthographic learning and word recognition? We selected words that had homophonic substandard spelling variants of varying frequency…
Descriptors: Spelling, Error Patterns, Orthographic Symbols, Word Recognition
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Hung, Yi-Hui; Frost, Stephen J.; Molfese, Peter; Malins, Jeffrey G.; Landi, Nicole; Mencl, W. Einar; Rueckl, Jay G.; Bogaerts, Louisa; Pugh, Kenneth R. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
To investigate the neural basis of a common statistical learning mechanism involved in motor sequence learning and decoding, we recorded brain activation from participants during a serial reaction time (SRT) task and a word reading task using functional magnetic resonance imaging. In the SRT task, a manual response was made depending on the…
Descriptors: Brain, Word Recognition, Reading Skills, Individual Differences
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Schmalz, Xenia; Moll, Kristina; Mulatti, Claudio; Schulte-Körne, Gerd – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
Previous studies found a relationship between performance on statistical learning (SL) tasks and reading ability and developmental dyslexia. Thus, it has been suggested that the ability to implicitly learn patterns may be important for reading acquisition. Causal mechanisms behind this relationship are unclear: Although orthographic sensitivity to…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Reading Ability, Adults, Correlation
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