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Verhoeven, Ludo; Keuning, Jos – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
The present study aimed to explore the nature of developmental dyslexia in a language considered to have a transparent orthography, namely, Dutch. We assessed the accuracy and efficiency of decoding words and pseudowords with four lengths as well as three types of phonological ability in 2,760 typical children and 397 peers with dyslexia across…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dyslexia, Orthographic Symbols, Indo European Languages
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Diamanti, Vassiliki; Goulandris, Nata; Campbell, Ruth; Protopapas, Athanassios – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We examined the manifestation of dyslexia in a cross-linguistic study contrasting English and Greek children with dyslexia compared to chronological age and reading-level control groups on reading accuracy and fluency, phonological awareness, short-term memory, rapid naming, orthographic choice, and spelling. Materials were carefully matched…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Morphemes, Spelling, Dyslexia
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Gangl, Melanie; Moll, Kristina; Jones, Manon W.; Banfi, Chiara; Schulte-Körne, Gerd; Landerl, Karin – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Dyslexia in consistent orthographies like German is characterized by dysfluent reading, which is often assumed to result from failure to build up an orthographic lexicon and overreliance on decoding. However, earlier evidence indicates effects of lexical processing at least in some German dyslexic readers. We investigated variations in reading…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, German, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Tibi, Sana; Kirby, John R. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Wolf and Bowers (1999) described a model in which phonological awareness (PA) and naming speed (NS) make independent contributions to reading ability. We tested this model in a sample of 201 Grade 3 Arabic-speaking children in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Measures of general cognitive ability, vocabulary, PA, NS, word reading, and reading…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Vocabulary Development, Models, Semitic Languages
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Cuetos, Fernando; Martínez-García, Cristina; Suárez-Coalla, Paz – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
The aim of this study was to investigate the prosody abilities on top of phonological and visual abilities in children with dyslexia in Spanish that can be considered a syllable-timed language. The performances on prosodic tasks (prosodic perception, rise-time perception), phonological tasks (phonological awareness, rapid naming, verbal working…
Descriptors: Suprasegmentals, Spanish, Dyslexia, Phonological Awareness
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Daniels, Peter T.; Share, David L. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Most current theories of reading and dyslexia derive from a relatively narrow empirical base: research on English and a handful of other European alphabets. Furthermore, the two dominant theoretical frameworks for describing cross-script diversity--orthographic depth and psycholinguistic grain size theory--are also deeply entrenched in Anglophone…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Writing (Composition), English, Alphabets
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Fuchs, Douglas; Seethaler, Pamela M.; N. Martin, BrittanyLee – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
This study was designed to deepen insights on whether word-problem (WP) solving is a form of text comprehension (TC) and on the role of language in WPs. A sample of 325 second graders, representing high, average, and low reading and math performance, was assessed on (a) start-of-year TC, WP skill, language, nonlinguistic reasoning, working memory,…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Oral Language, Predictor Variables, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Erbeli, Florina; Hart, Sara A.; Wagner, Richard K.; Taylor, Jeanette – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
A fairly recent definition of reading disability (RD) is that in the form of a hybrid model. The model views RD as a latent construct that is manifested through various observable unexpected impairments in reading-related skills and through inadequate response to intervention. The current report evaluated this new conceptualization of RD from an…
Descriptors: Etiology, Reading Difficulties, Reading Programs, Response to Intervention
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Muijselaar, Marloes M. L. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We investigated the dimensionality of inference making in samples of 4- to 9-year-olds (Ns = 416-783) to determine if local and global coherence inferences could be distinguished. In addition, we examined the validity of our experimenter-developed inference measure by comparing with three additional measures of listening comprehension. Multitrait,…
Descriptors: Inferences, Thinking Skills, Young Children, Listening Comprehension
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Clayton, Francina J.; Hulme, Charles – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
The automatic letter-sound integration hypothesis proposes that the decoding difficulties seen in dyslexia arise from a specific deficit in establishing automatic letter-sound associations. We report the findings of 2 studies in which we used a priming task to assess automatic letter-sound integration. In Study 1, children between 5 and 7 years of…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Phonology, Evidence
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Lallier, Marie; Abu Mallouh, Reem; Mohammed, Ahmed M.; Khalifa, Batoul; Perea, Manuel; Carreiras, Manuel – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
It is unclear whether the association between the visual attention (VA) span and reading differs across languages. Here we studied this relationship in Arabic, where the use of specific reading strategies depends on the amount of diacritics on words: reading vowelized and nonvowelized Arabic scripts favor sublexical and lexical strategies,…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention Span, Reading Strategies, Semitic Languages
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Talwar, Amani; Tighe, Elizabeth L.; Greenberg, Daphne – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
This study explored the background knowledge (BK) and reading comprehension (RC) relationship for struggling adult readers. Using confirmatory factor analyses, a single-factor BK model exhibited better fit than a two-factor model separating academic knowledge and general information, which indicates that BK represents a unidimensional construct…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Reading Comprehension, Factor Analysis, Structural Equation Models
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Vorstius, Christian; Radach, Ralph – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
The goal of this study was to investigate the nature of online comprehension monitoring, its predictors, and its relation to reading comprehension. Questions were concerned with (a) beginning readers' sensitivity to inconsistencies, (b) predictors of online comprehension monitoring, and (c) the relation of online comprehension monitoring to…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Eye Movements, Listening Comprehension, Reading Processes
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Mimeau, Catherine; Ricketts, Jessie; Deacon, S. Hélène – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We tested the theoretically driven hypotheses that children's orthographic and semantic learning are associated with their word reading and reading comprehension skills, even when orthographic and semantic knowledge are taken into account. A sample of 139 English-speaking Grade 3 children completed a learning task in which they read stories about…
Descriptors: Role, Reading Processes, Reading Comprehension, Semantics
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Sun, Congying; Branum-Martin, Lee; Peng, Peng; Tao, Sha – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
The current study examined the construct of word-reading skills within and across English and Chinese. One hundred forty-three 5th graders who were native Chinese (Mandarin) speakers learning English as a second language completed 19 tasks representing phonological awareness, orthographic knowledge, and word decoding in both English and Chinese.…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Orthographic Symbols, Decoding (Reading), Grade 5
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