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Carretti, Barbara; Cornoldi, Cesare; Antonello, Arianna; Di Criscienzo, Laura; Toffalini, Enrico – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
The study examines whether the average performance of the population with dyslexia in a working memory measure can be inferred dimensionally from the characteristics of the typical population. Specifically, we focused on Associative Phonological Working Memory (APWM), an ability that we predicted being impaired in dyslexia due to the relationship…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Short Term Memory, Reading Ability, Associative Learning
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Butterfuss, Reese; Kendeou, Panayiota; McMaster, Kristen L.; Orcutt, Elly; Bulut, Okan – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
We examined the extent to which the timing of inferential questioning influenced kindergartners' inferencing performance in a non-reading context, while also taking into account individual differences in language comprehension and executive function. Students completed the eight-week Early Language Comprehension Individualized Instruction (ELCII)…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Reading Comprehension, Inferences
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Häikiö, Tuomo; Luotojärvi, Tinja – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
In early Finnish reading instruction, hyphens are used to denote syllable boundaries. However, this practice slows down reading already during the 1st grade. It has been hypothesized that hyphenation forces readers to rely more on phonology than orthography. Since hyphenation highlights the phonology of the word, it may facilitate reading during…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Finno Ugric Languages, Phonology, Reading Instruction
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Williams, Lane C.; Earle, F. Sayako – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
Phonological representations are important for reading. In the current work, we examine the relationship between speech-perceptual memory encoding and consolidation to reading ability in skilled adult readers. Seventy-three young adults (age 18-24) were first tested in their word and nonword reading ability, and then trained in the late evening to…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Decoding (Reading), Phonology, Memory
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Wolters, Alissa P.; Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Szura, John William – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
We examined the relation between reading prosody and reading comprehension, using a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the strength of the relation and to understand whether the strength of the relation varies by prosody feature (adult-like contour, F0 sentence-final declination, grammatical pauses, ungrammatical pauses, prosody…
Descriptors: Suprasegmentals, Reading Fluency, Reading Comprehension, Meta Analysis
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Ye, Yanyan; Yan, Mengge; Ruan, Yijun; McBride, Catherine; Zheng, Mo; Yin, Li – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
We investigated the correlates of word reading and spelling as well as the relations of word reading and spelling in Hong Kong Chinese children. A set of literacy-related skills and delayed copying were administered in kindergarten, and Chinese word reading and dictation were tested at kindergarten as well as in first and second grade. The final…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading, Spelling, Kindergarten
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Grigorenko, Elena L. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
This mini-review attempts to provide a capsule overview of the role of genetic factors in reading and its development across languages and writing systems. The review is conceived and executed with a scoping review approach, synthesizing the methods employed in the existing research rather than producing a summary of evidence to answer a discrete…
Descriptors: Genetics, Reading Research, Language Role, Written Language
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Wade-Woolley, Lesly; Wood, Clare; Chan, Jessica; Weidman, Sarah – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
Referring to the "vital parts" of speech that do not appear in print, E. B. Huey (1908/1968) described prosody in reading as "the rise and fall of pitch and inflection, the hurrying here and slowing there, what we have called the melody of speech." In this paper, we discuss the role prosody plays in reading, contextualized in…
Descriptors: Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Oral Reading, Phonology
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McBride, Catherine; Pan, Dora Jue; Mohseni, Fateme – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
We review cognitive-linguistic approaches to conveying meaning, sound, and orthographic information across scripts in order to highlight the impact of variability in written and spoken language on learning to read and to write words. With examples of word recognition and word writing from different scripts, including Chinese, Arabic, Persian, and…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Psychomotor Skills, Spelling, Written Language
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Treiman, Rebecca; Kessler, Brett – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
Learning to read and spell involves learning about the written forms of words and how these are linked to language. Writing systems include formal patterns, which pertain to the appearance of written words, and functional patterns, which pertain to links between units of writing and units of language. We review the evidence that learners of a…
Descriptors: Spelling, Written Language, Direct Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Verhoeven, Ludo; Perfetti, Charles – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
In this article, we provide a cross-linguistic perspective on the universals and particulars in learning to read across seventeen different orthographies. Starting from the assumption that reading reflects a learned sensitivity to the systematic relationships between the surface forms of words and their meanings, we chose a broad group of…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Second Languages, Written Language, Reading Research
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Landerl, Karin; Castles, Anne; Parrila, Rauno – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
In this paper, we survey current evidence on cognitive precursors of reading in different orthographies by reviewing studies with a cross-linguistic research design. Graphic symbol knowledge, phonological awareness, morphological awareness, and rapid automatized naming were found to be associated with reading acquisition in all orthographies…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Alphabets, Written Language, Morphology (Languages)
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Petscher, Yaacov; Treiman, Rebecca; Kelcey, Benjamin – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
To expand our understanding of script-general and script-specific principles in the learning of letter names, we examined how three characteristics of alphabet letters -- their frequency in printed materials, order in the alphabet, and visual similarity to other letters -- relate to children's letter-name knowledge in four languages with three…
Descriptors: Alphabets, Orthographic Symbols, Written Language, Printed Materials
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Lazzaro, Giulia; Costanzo, Floriana; Varuzza, Cristiana; Rossi, Serena; De Matteis, Maria Elena; Vicari, Stefano; Menghini, Deny – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
Emerging evidence suggests that the combination of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and reading training may provide promising benefits for dyslexia; however, the clinical effects and the role of individual differences in tDCS outcomes for dyslexia remain unclear. To this end, the present study investigated the effects of tDCS on…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Instruction, Teaching Methods, Stimuli
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Kalashnikova, Marina; Burnham, Denis; Goswami, Usha – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
Visual-verbal-paired associate learning (PAL) is strongly related to reading acquisition, possibly indexing a distinct cross-modal mechanism for learning letter-sound associations. We measured linguistic abilities (nonword repetition, vocabulary size) longitudinally at 3.5 and 4.0 years, and visual-verbal PAL and letter knowledge at 4.0 and…
Descriptors: Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Paired Associate Learning, Teaching Methods, Reading Instruction
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