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Sunde, Kristin; Furnes, Bjarte; Lundetrae, Kjersti – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Learning the relationships between letters and sounds is a key component of early literacy development and a central aim during the first year of school. Introducing one new letter a week is the most common approach in many countries, but little is known about how the pace of letter instruction contributes to the development of early literacy…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Emergent Literacy, Spelling
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Clayton, Francina J.; West, Gillian; Sears, Claire; Hulme, Charles; Lervåg, Arne – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
It is now widely accepted that phonological language skills are a critical foundation for learning to read (decode). This longitudinal study investigated the predictive relationship between a range of key phonological language skills and early reading development in a sample of 191 children in their first year at school. The study also explored…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Beginning Reading, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence
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d'Apice, Katrina; von Stumm, Sophie – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Children's language and cognitive development are informed by adult spoken language and parental literacy behaviors, although their relative contributions have not been evaluated. Using digital audio-recorders, we unobtrusively observed the spoken language of 107 children, aged 24 to 48 months (M = 32, SD = 6.5), and their families over 3 days (M…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Acquisition, Cognitive Development, Parent Influence
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Castet, Éric; Descamps, Marine; Denis-Noël, Ambre; Colé, Pascale – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
The potential role of iconic memory in dyslexia-specific partial report deficits has never been investigated although it may help distinguish between different visuo-attentional theories of dyslexia. The present study is a first step towards such an investigation within an iconic memory framework. 20 French-speaking university students with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dyslexia, Short Term Memory, Visual Perception
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Friedlander, Elliott W. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
The developing world faces a learning crisis, wherein children fail to master basic skills despite years of primary school attendance. The literature indicates that both in-school and at-home experiences impact children's reading development, yet most developing world studies focus on children's in-school experiences exclusively. This current…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Educational Environment, Reading Skills, Family Literacy
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Wang, Lei; Liu, Duo – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
In this study, we examined the mechanism for the relationship between morphological awareness and Chinese character reading in a group of Hong Kong primary school children when they were in grade two (n = 176, mean age = 8.07) and grade three (n = 163, mean age = 9.02). The results showed that morphological awareness, morpheme family size and the…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Morphology (Languages), Metalinguistics, Elementary School Students
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Denton, Carolyn A.; Tamm, Leanne; Schatschneider, Christopher; Epstein, Jeffery N. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Many students with reading difficulties and disabilities (RD) also have Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This randomized clinical trial compared the effects of ADHD treatment alone (medication, parent training), intensive reading intervention alone, and their combination on the reading fluency and comprehension of students with…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Treatment, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Reading Difficulties, Intervention
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McGrath, Lauren M.; Peterson, Robin L.; Pennington, Bruce F. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
The multiple deficit model (MDM) was proposed because the prevailing single deficit model provided an inadequate account of atypical neuropsychological development. Across methods and levels of analysis, there has been support for the two fundamental tenets of the MDM, that multiple predictors contribute probabilistically to neurodevelopmental…
Descriptors: Models, Individual Development, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comorbidity
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Daucourt, Mia C.; Erbeli, Florina; Little, Callie W.; Haughbrook, Rasheda; Hart, Sara A. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
According to the Multiple Deficit Model, comorbidity results when the genetic and environmental risk factors that increase the liability for a disorder are domain-general. In order to explore the role of domain-general etiological risk factors in the co-occurrence of learning-related difficulties, the current meta-analysis compiled 38 studies of…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Reading Skills, Mathematics Skills
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Horbach, Josefine; Mayer, Axel; Scharke, Wolfgang; Heim, Stefan; Günther, Thomas – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Previous studies have established the relationship between behavioral problems and specific learning disorders (SLD); however, the exact mechanism by which behavioral disorders impact SLD remains unclear. This longitudinal study used the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to investigate how parents' judgment of children's behavioral problems changed…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Child Behavior, Learning Disabilities, Check Lists
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Joyner, Rachel E.; Wagner, Richard K. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Despite the importance of identifying individuals with reading disabilities, existing operational definitions of reading disability do not result in reliable identification. A large part of the problem arises from measurement error when a cut-point is imposed on a continuous distribution, especially for low base-rate conditions. One way to reduce…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Reading Difficulties, Mathematics, Learning Disabilities
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Li, Yixun; Li, Hong; Wang, Min – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
The present study tested the self-teaching hypothesis in orthographic learning in Chinese and examined the roles of semantic radicals and writing practice. Twenty-four Mandarin-speaking third graders read and comprehended eight two-sentence stories in a read-twice condition and eight in a read-write condition. Each story contained two…
Descriptors: Phonology, Semantics, Mandarin Chinese, Grade 3
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Liu, Sisi; Liu, Duo – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
This study examined whether visual-spatial attention could predict Chinese reading achievement longitudinally beyond some well-established reading precursors. A total of 257 second- and third-grade Hong Kong Chinese-speaking children participated in the study. Visual-spatial attention was measured by visual search tasks, which assessed the skills…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Visual Perception, Spatial Ability, Predictor Variables
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Moll, Kristina; Gangl, Melanie; Banfi, Chiara; Schulte-Körne, Gerd; Landerl, Karin – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Deficits in reading fluency and in spelling can dissociate during development, resulting in groups with reading deficit only (RD), spelling deficit only (SD) and combined reading and spelling deficit (RSD). The current study investigated the one-to-two-year longitudinal stability of these subgroups in 167 German-speaking children. Reading fluency…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Spelling, Reading Difficulties, German
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Zhang, Lan; Treiman, Rebecca – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Young spellers must learn to symbolize the sounds in words with phonologically appropriate letters. Do children use their knowledge about their own names to do this, performing better on sound--letter correspondences in their name than expected on the basis of other factors? According to some theories, children learn the spelling of their name as…
Descriptors: Spelling, Phonetics, Preschool Children, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence
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