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Stone, Jody H. – Science and Children, 2018
As every elementary teacher knows, an elementary classroom is a busy place. While literacy and mathematics command the majority of hours of the school day, many schools are left with an inadequate amount of time to devote to science. In an urban district, students in grades K-5 receive a mere 30 minutes a day for science and social studies. There…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Grade 4, Learning Centers (Classroom), Urban Schools
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Bhattacharya, Devarati; Adams, Krista L.; Mittelstet, Tammera J. – Science and Children, 2018
Scientific modeling, the practice of creating models such as "diagrams, analogies, and simulations" (NGSS Lead States 2013) allows students to develop and revise their own representations of the natural world and use them to generate predictions and explanations about scientific phenomenon. Research provides evidence for elementary…
Descriptors: Learning Centers (Classroom), Models, Science Instruction, Grade 2
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Harlow, Danielle; Hansen, Alexandria – Science and Children, 2018
The Maker Movement (Dougherty 2012) highlights innovation and creativity through "activities focused on designing, building, modifying, and/or repurposing material objects, for playful or useful ends, oriented toward making a 'product' of some sort that can be used, interacted with, or demonstrated" (Martin 2015, p. 31). When engaged in…
Descriptors: Creative Activities, Science Instruction, Science Activities, Preservice Teachers
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Kitagawa, Laura; Pomba, Elizabeth; Davis, Tina – Science and Children, 2018
Makerspaces have become very popular in education because they "provide hands-on, creative ways to encourage students to design, experiment, build, and invent as they deeply engage in science, engineering, and tinkering" (Cooper 2013). Not only do makerspaces provide a safe learning environment for students to develop their 21st century…
Descriptors: Pollution, Science Instruction, Student Projects, Active Learning
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Wright, Lael; Shaw, Daniel; Gaidds, Kimberly; Lyman, Gregory; Sorey, Timothy – Science and Children, 2018
Although solving an engineering design project problem with limited resources or structural capabilities of materials can be part of the challenge, students making their own parts can support creativity. The authors of this article found an exciting solution: 3D printers are not only one of several tools for making but also facilitate a creative…
Descriptors: Computer Peripherals, Engineering Education, Creativity, Design
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Burton, Bill; Ogden, Kate; Walker, Becky; Bledsoe, Leslie; Hardage, Lauren – Science and Children, 2018
For the last several years, the authors have implemented an integrated Mars Colony project for their third-grade classes. Students explored several considerations related to colonizing and inhabiting a new world, including food sources, types of citizens, transportation, and housing design. Nearly everything about the project was open-ended, full…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Space Sciences, Elementary School Science, Science Activities
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Stroud, Wesley – Science and Children, 2018
All educators want their classrooms to be inviting areas that support investigations. However, a common mistake is to fill learning spaces with items or objects that are set up by the teacher or are simply "for show." This type of setting, although it may create a comfortable space for students, fails to stimulate investigations and…
Descriptors: Animals, Teacher Student Relationship, Peer Relationship, Science Instruction
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Shim, Soo-Yean; Thompson, Jessica; Richards, Jennifer; Vaa, Kitten – Science and Children, 2018
The "Next Generation Science Standards" ("NGSS") and the guiding "Framework" invite students to engage in practices of scientific argumentation and modeling through which they can collaborate as young scientists and develop understandings of disciplinary core ideas and crosscutting concepts. This article shares…
Descriptors: Science Process Skills, Persuasive Discourse, Elementary School Science, Grade 2
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Raven, Sara; Al Husseini, Diana; Cevik, Emel – Science and Children, 2018
Children are natural engineers. Engineering design activities for preschoolers introduce practices and encourage scientific habits of mind. The "Next Generation Science Standards" (NGSS Lead States 2013) highlight that crosscutting concepts and disciplinary core ideas can not be mastered without engaging in scientific investigations and…
Descriptors: Engineering, Technical Occupations, Engineering Education, Preschool Children
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Gunning, Amanda M.; Marrero, Meghan E.; Buonamano, Christina; Somers, Vita – Science and Children, 2018
Waves and sound are rooted in children's everyday experiences. This topic naturally extends to other topics, such as instruments and music, which children find very interesting. As children often see science as separate from their daily lives, it is important to help them make real-life connections. The unit begins with children's observations,…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Units of Study, Standards, Grade 1
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Donovan, Carol; Coleman, Julianne – Science and Children, 2018
The language of science, which emphasizes reasoning about the causes and conditions of scientific phenomenon and use of visuals to convey information, can be difficult for young readers and writers without a lot of teacher scaffolding (Pappas and Varelas 2009). It is important that teachers understand these linguistic requirements to support…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Scientists
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Sumrall, William; Sumrall, Kristen – Science and Children, 2018
Elementary teachers often avoid the struggle of matching a science activity to a specific standard by using a lesson planning process known as Understanding by Design (UBD) (Wiggins and McTighe 2005). A main tenet of the UBD model involves starting at the end rather than at the beginning of the planning process. By starting at the end and visiting…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Science Teachers, Science Instruction, Lesson Plans
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Tretter, Thomas; McFadden, Justin – Science and Children, 2018
A key instructional change recommended by the "Next Generation Science Standards" ("NGSS") is for teachers to be more explicit and systematic in teaching students science and engineering practices in addition to crosscutting concepts because the NGSS include a stronger focus on seamless teaching in three integrated dimensions…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Standards, Teaching Methods, Engineering Education
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Fisher, Nicole; Lorenz-Reaves, Amanda – Science and Children, 2018
Insects are extremely important for maintaining the natural environment, performing such essential ecosystem services as decomposition, dung burial, and soil aeration, as well as providing food for other wildlife. Insects are also important for human interests such as crop pollination. Though the advantages of using insects as teaching tools are…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Entomology, Teaching Methods, Montessori Method
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Seiki, Sumer – Science and Children, 2018
In this article, the author describes two lessons in which students applied the scientific knowledge learned from studying offshore oil drilling to construct a fact-based argument on the topic and then communicate it to their policy makers, since public commentary was solicited. The students practiced using their scientific knowledge to…
Descriptors: Fuels, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Lesson Plans
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