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Botzum, Krystalyn; Sparks, Kelly; Smothers, Moriah – Science and Children, 2019
While curriculum designed as project-based learning is not suitable for use with every science standard, this methodology can be used when teaching concepts that naturally contain some flexibility. With small adaptations, teachers can implement these practices into the classroom regardless of the grade level. This article provides a detailed…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Student Projects, Scientific Concepts
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Edmondson, Elizabeth; Navy, Shannon; Maeng, Jennifer; Gonczi, Amanda; Mannarino, Anne – Science and Children, 2019
Problem-based learning (PBL) involves students solving a problem with multiple solutions over time, like scientists in real-world contexts. This fourth-grade PBL unit had students become part of an endeavor to help their state of Virginia become energy independent. It conceptualized energy independence as becoming self-sufficient for energy…
Descriptors: Problem Based Learning, Elementary School Science, Grade 4, Elementary School Students
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Grumbach, Elizabeth – Science and Children, 2019
This article describes an 8-10 week problem-based learning unit for fifth graders that introduced them to the facts underlying global climate change. This unit was inspired by the lack of awareness in our national population around this clear threat to our global ecosystem and takes on this goal: to provide students (our future advocates and…
Descriptors: Problem Based Learning, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Climate
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Masters, Heidi; Hilgendorf, Chelsey; Stundahl, Lisa; Gresl, Megan; Jentsch, Amber – Science and Children, 2019
To support elementary school students in finding a solution to an engineering problem, the authors developed a series of five lessons using the 5E Instructional Model (Bybee 2014). The lessons align with the "Next Generation Science Standards" and the "Common Core State Standards" and integrate the teaching and learning of…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Merricks, Jessica; Lankford, Deanna – Science and Children, 2019
For some elementary science teachers, a unit on land and water brings nightmares of dirt and water all over the room. Several Earth science "kits" contain hands-on exercises that allow the students to "get messy" as they manipulate materials; however, these lessons may lack the necessary opportunities for students to ask unique…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Elementary School Students, Science Education, Relevance (Education)
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Rouse, Rob; Rouse, Amy Gillespie – Science and Children, 2019
Although incorporating engineering into science instruction seems straightforward, adding more content into an already busy school day may be overwhelming for some teachers. To address this challenge, the authors created a unit that integrates engineering and literacy instruction. This article demonstrates how young students can learn…
Descriptors: Engineering, Engineering Education, Science Instruction, Science Teachers
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Edelen, Daniel; Bush, Sarah B.; Nickels, Megan – Science and Children, 2019
Because students have often been conditioned as passive learners and receivers of knowledge, it can be difficult for them to persevere in solving authentic problems. Nevertheless, teachers must persist in preparing students as problem solvers and critical thinkers. In an urban inner-city neighborhood school in the southeast, students embarked on a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Jurkiewicz, Melissa A.; Kirn, Adam; Crowther, David – Science and Children, 2019
Interactions with forces and energy can range from a toddler dropping toys repeatedly for someone else to pick up to a group of fifth graders playing soccer at recess. In addition, students may have observed the power of water to move physical objects by seeing news footage of rising floodwaters, experimenting with a garden hose, or spending a day…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Water
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Bess, Cassie – Science and Children, 2019
STEM is a commonly used acronym in today's education world. Parents hear the term and hope their child's school will be embracing it, teachers plan units encompassing it, even those outside the education realm have heard it and think it is important. But, do students actually understand the four disciplines and can they clearly express what they…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Elementary School Students, Units of Study, Pollution
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Thomas, Debra Kelly; Milenkovic, Lisa; Marousky, Annamargareth – Science and Children, 2019
Computer science (CS) and computational thinking (a problem-solving process used by computer scientists) teach students design, logical reasoning, and problem solving--skills that are valuable in life and in any career. Computational thinking (CT) concepts such as decomposition teach students how to break down and tackle a large complex problem.…
Descriptors: Computation, Thinking Skills, Computer Simulation, Computer Science Education
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Adelmund, Donna; Uhlenberg, Jill – Science and Children, 2019
Fidget spinners have become a fixation among school children and adults. Pappas (2017) hails spinners as both a boon to stress relief and a constraint on the ability to focus in persons with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or autism. Spinners can be a distraction in school classrooms, to the point that many schools have banned…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism
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Westman, Brittainy; Whitworth, Brooke A. – Science and Children, 2019
PEOE (predict, explain, observe, explain) is a strategy that supports conceptual change (Dial et al. 2009). "Conceptual change" is a process through which students can change their understandings, ideas, or beliefs (diSessa 1993; Konicek-Moran and Keeley 2015). This style of lesson allows students to express their scientific ideas…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Toys, Physics, Scientific Concepts
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Holub, Jordan; Kruse, Jerrid; Menke, Lucas – Science and Children, 2019
In this article, the authors focus on students constructing observations of patterns to understand how surfaces affect the motion of an object. Students will use the patterns they observe to predict future motion of marbles (NGSS Lead States 2013). Students then apply their learning by engaging in an engineering task. By giving students a task to…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Motion, Physics
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Presser, Ashley Lewis; Dominguez, Ximena; Goldstein, Marion; Vidiksis, Regan; Kamdar, Danae – Science and Children, 2019
Investigating real-world phenomena in a playful, exploratory setting is a natural process for young children. Teachers can capitalize on children's curiosity to foster their understanding of science ideas and their engagement in science practices, such as predicting, experimenting, observing, comparing, and contrasting. Force and motion…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Motion, Scientific Concepts
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Lemaster, Jodi; Willett, Vicki – Science and Children, 2019
Observing children tossing a ball in a game of catch or pumping their legs to move a swing, it is obvious that they have already experienced and learned to control the basics of pushes and pulls. Through everyday experiences as simple as rolling a ball across the floor, to more complex activities like team sports, children are building a…
Descriptors: Playgrounds, Science Instruction, Physics, Motion
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