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Llosa, Lorena; Grapin, Scott E.; Haas, Alison – Science and Children, 2022
Formative assessment during the course of instruction is an essential practice for supporting all students, including English learners (ELs), in the science classroom. It typically consists of three steps: (1) The teacher elicits information about student learning through various methods; (2) The teacher interprets (or makes sense of) that…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Physical Sciences, English Language Learners, Formative Evaluation
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Stout, Jody; Rouse, Rob; Malesic, Jonathan; Krummeck, Katie – Science and Children, 2022
Design thinking--a human-centered approach to problem solving--is a process by which K-12 teachers engage students in solving relevant issues that occur in their schools. In this article, the authors describe a project in which fourth-graders used design thinking to solve an unexpected issue related to a much-anticipated class project. The project…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Elementary School Students, Design, Animals
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Schneider, Laura B.; Grable, Stephanie – Science and Children, 2022
Science centers provide an engaging way for young learners to explore related concepts. The hands-on nature of each exercise secures the stimulation necessary to maintain focused attention. In this article, the authors describe a multi-day 5E (Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, Evaluate) lesson on nocturnal and diurnal animals with science…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Hands on Science, Animals, Student Centered Learning
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Muller, Alexandria; Connolly, Tarah; Galisky, John; Skinner, Ron; Christman, Devon M.; Harlow, Danielle – Science and Children, 2022
The activity presented in this article is part of a four-part module that centers earthquakes as a common phenomenon that students experience and introduces the idea of a resonant frequency. When the seismic waves from an earthquake encounter a building, the subsequent oscillating motion of the ground causes the building to move back and forth.…
Descriptors: Natural Disasters, Elementary School Students, Science Activities, Design
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Lee, Shiela; Russell, John; Campbell, Todd; Lee, Okhee – Science and Children, 2022
Engineering has led the way in responding to the COVID-19 pandemic, including developing masks that reduce transmission, digital tools that allow contact tracing, and vaccines that show promise to put an end to the pandemic and allow a more normal way of life. Society is not only "following the science," but is also applying principles…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Personal Autonomy, Problem Solving, Elementary School Students
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Wilcox, Jesse; Reiter, Reade; Rose, Abby; Alberts, Alex; Murano, Katie – Science and Children, 2022
Although the "Next Generation Science Standards" (NGSS) have three dimensions, the crosscutting concepts are often the forgotten dimension. One reason teachers may not emphasize the crosscutting concepts might be because they are broad, domain-general constructs that can be difficult to conceptualize in a meaningful way. Yet, when taught…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Scientific Principles, Teaching Methods, Inquiry
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Bradley, Barbara A.; Bradley, A. Allen, Jr. – Science and Children, 2022
Water is critical to our health and well-being, yet one in three people do not have access to safe drinking water. Earth's water is threatened by pollution, deforestation, urban growth, and climate changes. This article describes a unit for kindergarten children called The Water We Drink.
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Water, Kindergarten, Science Activities
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Recker, Abigail; Mulvey, Bridget; Ortiz, Joseph – Science and Children, 2022
Throughout the country, there are many bodies of fresh water affected by algal blooms. By focusing on a water source near their school, students can become scientists, too. Situating science content in real and meaningful learning experiences encourages students to be invested in their own learning, construct deeper understandings, and apply those…
Descriptors: Water, Natural Resources, Grade 3, Elementary School Science
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Sisk-Hilton, Stephanie; Ferner, Sarah Davies – Science and Children, 2022
The inclusion of engineering in the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) as a key component of K-12 science learning has provided both opportunities and challenges for elementary teachers. One challenge is integrating the design thinking processes that undergird engineering with core science concepts and current issues facing scientists and…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Science Education, National Standards, Elementary School Teachers
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Cummins, Sunday; Newman, Patricia – Science and Children, 2022
In a series of 12 project-based learning lessons, a group of seven fifth-grade students who live 200 miles from the coast explored their personal connections to the ocean. After completing a unit on the role of water in Earth's surface processes, the students investigated ocean acidification and how this pervasive ocean problem impacts their local…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Oceanography, Sustainability
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Christie-Blick, Kottie – Science and Children, 2022
In this article, the author describes an activity using physical models -- each a clear plastic box enclosing a miniature coastal town, complete with real water in the "ocean." This activity shows students a natural cause-and-effect relationship that is scientifically simple, yet even many adults don't grasp the worldwide implications:…
Descriptors: Oceanography, Climate, Learning Activities, Change
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Boling, Joshua; Longhurst, Max; Lott, Kimberly – Science and Children, 2022
Using cross-grade peer mentoring as an integral component to field trip experiences can help educators realize the learning potential of nature-based experiences. When young students are paired with older students, Socratic peer dialogue deepens interest, investment, and ultimately ownership of new learning. Using peer-supported inquiry…
Descriptors: Mentors, Place Based Education, Peer Teaching, Environment
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Lottero-Perdue, Pamela; Blaney, Kathryn; Sandifer, Cody – Science and Children, 2022
The "Next Generation Science Standards" (NGSS) encourages educators to help kindergarteners formalize a big idea in physics: A push or pull can cause an object to begin moving, speed up, slow down, stop, or change the direction it is going (NGSS Lead States 2013). In this article, the authors share an exciting, classroom-tested…
Descriptors: Physics, Kindergarten, Preschool Children, Learner Engagement
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Fitzgerald, Miranda S.; Bismack, Amber S.; Gotwals, Amelia Wenk; Wright, Tanya S.; Washburn, Erin K. – Science and Children, 2022
An important part of promoting scientific literacy is developing disciplinary literacy practices, such as obtaining information from text and sharing investigation results through talk and writing. To support students to develop disciplinary literacy practices in science, educators must provide opportunities for them to work with multiple…
Descriptors: Scientific Literacy, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Elementary School Students
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Kast, Dieuwertje J.; Bansil, Surbhi; Kast, W. Martin – Science and Children, 2022
Lung cancer is the second most common cancer diagnosis and is the leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States for both men and women. The etiologies of many different types of lung cancer can be linked to risk factors that can be prevented, such as chronic tobacco smoking. Lung cancer is significantly more prevalent among…
Descriptors: Cancer, Clinical Diagnosis, Etiology, Risk
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