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Park Rogers, Meredith; Hmelo-Silver, Cindy; Nicholas, Celeste; Francis, Dionne Cross; Danish, Joshua – Science and Children, 2023
Representation in science is anything that stands for something else--drawings, pictures, graphs, or other representational forms (Danish et al. 2020). Representations serve as public displays of phenomena that make aspects of those phenomena explicit (Gilbert 2008). They can serve to make the invisible visible, communicate ideas, display…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Visual Aids, Freehand Drawing
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Reigh, Emily; Miller, Emily Adah; Simani, Maria Chiara; Severson, Alice – Science and Children, 2023
Since the "Next Generation Science Standards" (NGSS) were released, K-12 science teachers have been figuring out how to extend related learning opportunities to all students, including multilingual learners (MLLs) who are new to speaking English. Elementary schools often prioritize math and English language arts, the subjects that are…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, English Language Learners, Multilingualism, Second Language Learning
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Brase, Lauren E.; Mossa, Lindsay C.; Robeck, Edward C. – Science and Children, 2023
The widespread occurrence of flooding and the fact that both precipitation data and river flow data are readily available for many locations provides an excellent opportunity for educators to bring relevant professionally collected data into their teaching. By connecting those data to the use of models, students can collect, interpret, and…
Descriptors: Water, Natural Resources, Natural Disasters, Relevance (Education)
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Gow, Ellen; Kruse, Jerrid; Wees, Susan; Dee, Kristy; Hernandez, Leslie – Science and Children, 2023
As an introduction to sound and vibration, the authors wanted their first-grade students to plan and conduct their own investigations. In this article, the authors share a series of investigations to help students explore the relationship between sound and vibration. By planning, creating, testing, adapting, and reflecting on the outcomes of the…
Descriptors: Science Education, Acoustics, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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Brown, Patrick – Science and Children, 2023
Science and engineering practices (SEPs) and crosscutting concepts (CCs) constitute a significant part of "A Framework for K-12 Science Education" (NRC 2012). As teachers, the role of the authors is to highlight the pivotal role that both scientific knowledge and the practices used to generate knowledge play in learning. This article…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Teaching Methods, Scientific Research, Concept Formation
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Tofel-Grehl, Colby; Braden, Sarah; Penrod, Candace; Wheeler, Laura; Hansen, Tyler; Jones, Andrew; Chamberlain, Clayton – Science and Children, 2023
Animals depend on their surroundings for their survival. In consuming their food, animals are consuming energy. This cycling of matter and the accompanying flow of energy within an ecosystem occurs because of interactions among and between organisms. To guide students in modeling how ecosystems function, the authors share "Ecosystem…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Standards, Energy
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Carone, Delaney; Perkins, Ashley; Scott, Catherine – Science and Children, 2023
This lesson focuses specifically on teaching concepts of speed and its impact on energy, as well as providing a basic introduction to potential and kinetic energy to fourth-grade students. "Next Generation Science Standards" ("NGSS") 4-PS3-1 states that students should be able "to use evidence to construct an explanation…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Science Instruction, Energy, Scientific Concepts
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Yamaguchi, Janet – Science and Children, 2023
This article describes how using a variety of differentiation strategies, such as listening to stories, visualizing scenarios, and performing tactile activities, can help fourth-grade students to conceive of and express examples of energy transfer.
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Story Telling, Visualization
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Sisk-Hilton, Stephanie; Ferner, Sarah Davies – Science and Children, 2022
The inclusion of engineering in the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) as a key component of K-12 science learning has provided both opportunities and challenges for elementary teachers. One challenge is integrating the design thinking processes that undergird engineering with core science concepts and current issues facing scientists and…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Science Education, National Standards, Elementary School Teachers
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Christie-Blick, Kottie – Science and Children, 2022
In this article, the author describes an activity using physical models -- each a clear plastic box enclosing a miniature coastal town, complete with real water in the "ocean." This activity shows students a natural cause-and-effect relationship that is scientifically simple, yet even many adults don't grasp the worldwide implications:…
Descriptors: Oceanography, Climate, Learning Activities, Change
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Bradley, Barbara A.; Bradley, A. Allen, Jr. – Science and Children, 2022
Water is critical to our health and well-being, yet one in three people do not have access to safe drinking water. Earth's water is threatened by pollution, deforestation, urban growth, and climate changes. This article describes a unit for kindergarten children called The Water We Drink.
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Water, Kindergarten, Science Activities
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Recker, Abigail; Mulvey, Bridget; Ortiz, Joseph – Science and Children, 2022
Throughout the country, there are many bodies of fresh water affected by algal blooms. By focusing on a water source near their school, students can become scientists, too. Situating science content in real and meaningful learning experiences encourages students to be invested in their own learning, construct deeper understandings, and apply those…
Descriptors: Water, Natural Resources, Grade 3, Elementary School Science
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Boling, Joshua; Longhurst, Max; Lott, Kimberly – Science and Children, 2022
Using cross-grade peer mentoring as an integral component to field trip experiences can help educators realize the learning potential of nature-based experiences. When young students are paired with older students, Socratic peer dialogue deepens interest, investment, and ultimately ownership of new learning. Using peer-supported inquiry…
Descriptors: Mentors, Place Based Education, Peer Teaching, Environment
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Cummins, Sunday; Newman, Patricia – Science and Children, 2022
In a series of 12 project-based learning lessons, a group of seven fifth-grade students who live 200 miles from the coast explored their personal connections to the ocean. After completing a unit on the role of water in Earth's surface processes, the students investigated ocean acidification and how this pervasive ocean problem impacts their local…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Oceanography, Sustainability
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Llosa, Lorena; Grapin, Scott E.; Haas, Alison – Science and Children, 2022
Formative assessment during the course of instruction is an essential practice for supporting all students, including English learners (ELs), in the science classroom. It typically consists of three steps: (1) The teacher elicits information about student learning through various methods; (2) The teacher interprets (or makes sense of) that…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Physical Sciences, English Language Learners, Formative Evaluation
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