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Qureshi, Saadia Y. – Science Education International, 2018
Washback has been defined as an effect of assessment on teaching and learning which may be negative or positive. This study investigated the washback effect of multiple choice question (MCQ) format of assessment on learning of concepts in physical sciences (chemistry) as compared to constructed response tests (CRTs). This study collected…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Chemistry, Graduate Students, Foreign Countries
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Tahir, Alyas Qadeer – Science Education International, 2002
Describes reform efforts in science education in Pakistan through the early 70s until now. Focuses on the Science Education Project-II. Indicates expected outcomes such as physical facilities, scholarship programs, staff development, and curriculum improvement. (Author/KHR)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education