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Qureshi, Saadia Y. – Science Education International, 2018
Washback has been defined as an effect of assessment on teaching and learning which may be negative or positive. This study investigated the washback effect of multiple choice question (MCQ) format of assessment on learning of concepts in physical sciences (chemistry) as compared to constructed response tests (CRTs). This study collected…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Chemistry, Graduate Students, Foreign Countries
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Tahir, Alyas Qadeer – Science Education International, 2002
Describes reform efforts in science education in Pakistan through the early 70s until now. Focuses on the Science Education Project-II. Indicates expected outcomes such as physical facilities, scholarship programs, staff development, and curriculum improvement. (Author/KHR)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
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Tahir, Alyas Qadeer – Science Education International, 2000
Evaluates the present in-service education of teachers in Pakistan. Indicates that no participatory or inquiry approach is used in teaching science and teachers have a lack of enthusiasm and creativity. Develops a model of school-based decentralized training for science teachers. (Contains 16 references.) (Author/ASK)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Development, Foreign Countries, Inservice Teacher Education
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Pardhan, Harcharan; Wheeler, Alan E. – Science Education International, 1998
Describes a project undertaken to increase the pedagogical content knowledge of Pakistani science and math teachers (n=31). Presents specific features of the Subject Specialist Teacher Programme in relationship to both the contextual quality and relevance of the initiative. Addresses challenges and possibilities associated with the model as a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Inservice Teacher Education, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Science Instruction
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Iqbal, Hafiz Muhammad – Science Education International, 1998
Argues that the nature of science has not been emphasized effectively in the professional training of scientists in Pakistan. Describes how the development of science-process skills, an inquiry approach, and constructive learning is delayed. (DDR)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Concept Formation, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Wheeler, Alan E. – Science Education International, 1997
Argues for the use of the archaeological metaphor as an apt one when examining the historical layers and foundational bases underlying much of the current thought and practice in science education. Suggests some sort of correspondence between archaeological and science education processes. (DDR)
Descriptors: Archaeology, Epistemology, Foreign Countries, Knowledge Representation