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Wickman, Per-Olof; Ostman, Leif – Science Education, 2002
Presents a theoretical mechanism for learning and a methodological approach for analyzing meaning making in classroom talk and action. Examines the potential of the approach for illuminating learning on a discourse level; i.e., how discourses change and how individuals become participants of new practices. Involves a high-resolution analysis of…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Discourse Analysis, Higher Education, Learning Processes
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Sere, Marie-Genevieve – Science Education, 2002
Describes a project on labwork at upper secondary and undergraduate levels that was launched in 1996 and funded by the European Commission. Presents new research questions focusing on three objectives: (1) conceptual; (2) epistemological; and (3) procedural. (Contains 28 references.) (Author/YDS)
Descriptors: Epistemology, Higher Education, Science Curriculum, Science Instruction
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Greca, Ileana Maria; Moreira, Marco Antonio – Science Education, 2002
Discusses the relationships between physical, mathematical, and mental models in the process of constructing and understanding physical theories. Attempts to interpret research findings with college students regarding mental models and physics education under the framework of Johnson-Laird's mental model theory. (Author/MM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Higher Education, Mathematical Models, Physics
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Koch, Adina – Science Education, 2001
Describes the development, application, and evaluation of a metacognitive technique for improving student reading comprehension of physics texts. Recommends that the metacognitive technique be developed and applied in teaching reading comprehension of physics texts as an effective self-monitoring device. (Author/MM)
Descriptors: Higher Education, Metacognition, Physics, Reading
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Lubben, Fred; Buffler, Andy; Campbell, Bob; Allie, Saalih – Science Education, 2001
Investigates procedural understanding of university students at the freshman level, prior to instruction, in the context of experimental work in physics. Proposes two types of reasoning used by students in the laboratory. Indicates a high degree of consistency of these modes of reasoning across experimental phases of data collection and…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, College Students, Higher Education, Laboratory Experiments
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Henry Augustine; Brown-Acquaye – Science Education, 2001
Discusses the need for science in developing countries. The development of the Western industrialized countries is a persuasive argument for the role of science and technology in development. Western modern science knowledge and indigenous knowledge are both necessary in science education. (SAH)
Descriptors: Developed Nations, Higher Education, Science and Society, Science Instruction
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Baker, William P.; Lawson, Anton E. – Science Education, 2001
Investigates the role of complex instructional analogies on concept acquisition in an introductory college genetics course. An experimental treatment included complex instructional analogies. A control group received expository instruction alone. Finds significant differences in student achievement in favor of the experimental group. (Author/MM)
Descriptors: Biology, Genetics, Higher Education, Science Education
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Tiberghien, Andree; Veillard, Laurent; Le Marechal, Jean-Francois; Buty, Christian; Millar, Robin – Science Education, 2001
Describes the results of a study on the similarities and differences in laboratory tasks used in science education at upper secondary school and university level in the three main science subjects in seven European countries. Some differences are noted between the science subjects and educational levels, but the dominant impression of the analysis…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Science Experiments
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Ebenezer, Jazlin V.; Fraser, Duncan M. – Science Education, 2001
Examines first-year chemical engineering students' conceptions of the energy changes taking place in dissolution. Students were individually interviewed and transcripts (n=17) were analyzed using a phenomenographic methodology. The phenomenographic category explanations given by students were used as the basis for developing an approach to…
Descriptors: Chemical Engineering, Concept Formation, Energy, Higher Education
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Stewart, James; Rudolph, John L. – Science Education, 2001
Describes the nature and existence of both model-data fit and conceptual problems in science, then examines two curricular projects--one in genetics and one in evolutionary biology--that attempt to integrate these problems into classroom instruction. (Author/SAH)
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Evolution
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Lewis, Bradford F.; Aikenhead, Glen S. – Science Education, 2001
Introduces three articles that appear in this issue on universalism and multiculturalism. Describes the articles as having moved beyond the debate of multiculturalism and universalism by accepting that all systems of knowledge about nature are embedded within the context of a cultural group. (SAH)
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Curriculum Development, Higher Education, Journal Articles
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Svennbeck, Margareta – Science Education, 2001
Comments on three articles in this issue on universalists versus multiculturalists. Discusses the importance in the United States of universalism versus relativism with regard to science. Discusses whether indigenous knowledge or traditional ecological knowledge should be considered with regard to science education. (SAH)
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Curriculum Development, Higher Education, Multicultural Education
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Sadler, Philip M.; Tai, Robert H. – Science Education, 2001
Examines the extent to which a high school physics course prepares students for college physics success. In this study of 1,933 introductory college physics students, demographic and schooling factors account for a large fraction of the variation in college physics grades at 18 colleges and universities from around the nation. (Author/SAH)
Descriptors: Higher Education, Introductory Courses, Physics, Program Effectiveness
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Peterson, Roy P.; Hall, Stephen K. – Science Education, 1974
Discusses the need for interdisciplinary environmental education, particularly at the level of higher and continuing education. Suggests a comprehensive environmental education program designed to provide an awareness of the dimensions of current and emergent environmental problems. (JR)
Descriptors: College Curriculum, College Science, Educational Programs, Environment
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Rosen, Sidney; Revak, Robert – Science Education, 1973
Argues that conventional grades are inappropriate for certain university courses, and that a Pass-No Record system would be more wholesome and profitable. (JR)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Rating, College Credits, College Science
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