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Showing 76 to 90 of 166 results Save | Export
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Liu, Xiufeng; Zhang, Baohui; Liang, Ling L.; Fulmer, Gavin; Kim, Beaumie; Yuan, Haiquan – Science Education, 2009
Alignment between content standards and standardized tests is a significant issue to society, science pedagogy, and test validation. To better understand the issues related to alignment, this study compares the alignment in physics among three education systems: Jiangsu (China), New York State (United States), and Singapore. The same coding…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Academic Standards, Physics, Foreign Countries
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Lundqvist, Eva; Almqvist, Jonas; Ostman, Leif – Science Education, 2009
In this paper, we describe two central epistemological norms related to the importance of making investigations and to scientific language and its logic. These norms have been identified in empirical material consisting of 200 video-recorded lessons in three different science classes. With regard to the learning of science and socialization, we…
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Scientific Principles, Epistemology, Science Education
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Terzian, Sevan G. – Science Education, 2009
At the 1939-1940 New York World's Fair, several thousand boys and girls, all members of a growing national network of high school science and engineering clubs, displayed their science fair projects and conducted live experiments to more than 10 million visitors. Housed in the building sponsored by the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science Fairs, Science Activities, Science and Society
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Penuel, William; Fishman, Barry J.; Gallagher, Lawrence P.; Korbak, Christine; Lopez-Prado, Bladimir – Science Education, 2009
Implementation of science curriculum materials has been a fundamental challenge in science education for decades. Policy researchers have argued that alignment of standards, curriculum, and assessment are the key to supporting implementation. This paper focuses on teachers' perceptions of curricular alignment and on curriculum implementation using…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Science Curriculum, Curriculum Implementation, Science Instruction
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Ford, Michael – Science Education, 2008
This article explores the relation between how scientific knowledge is created and the reasoning involved in learning content with understanding. Although an asserted parallel between these underpins reform, little is actually known about this relation. This article offers a model of this relation that draws coherent connections between the…
Descriptors: Science Education, Constructivism (Learning), Models, Accountability
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Sampson, Victor; Clark, Douglas B. – Science Education, 2008
Theoretical and empirical research on argument and argumentation in science education has intensified over the last two decades. The term argument in this review refers to the artifacts that a student or a group of students create when asked to articulate and justify claims or explanations whereas the term argumentation refers to the process of…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Science Education, Student Experience, Scientific and Technical Information
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Russ, Rosemary S.; Scherr, Rachel E.; Hammer, David; Mikeska, Jamie – Science Education, 2008
Science education reform has long focused on assessing student inquiry, and there has been progress in developing tools specifically with respect to experimentation and argumentation. We suggest the need for attention to another aspect of inquiry, namely "mechanistic reasoning." Scientific inquiry focuses largely on understanding causal…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Educational Change, Science Education, Inquiry
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Furtak, Erin Marie; Ruiz-Primo, Maria Araceli – Science Education, 2008
The National Research Council ([NRC], 2001) has stated that formative assessment is essential to fulfilling the mission of the National Science Education Standards (NRC, 1996). This paper explores the relative utility of four different types of formative assessment prompts in eliciting middle school students' ideas about sinking and floating.…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Thinking Skills, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Writing (Composition)
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Brandt, Carol B. – Science Education, 2008
This case study explores how an American Indian woman experienced scientific discourse and the issues of language, power, and authority that occurred while she was an undergraduate student at a university in the southwestern United States. This ethnographic research, using a phenomenological perspective, describes her experiences as she searched…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Participant Observation, American Indians, Ethnography
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Cook, Michelle; Wiebe, Eric N.; Carter, Glenda – Science Education, 2008
Previous research has indicated that the use of multiple representations with macroscopic and molecular features can improve conceptual understanding; however, the influence of prior knowledge of the domain cannot be overlooked. Using eye-tracking technology and sequential analysis, this study investigated how high school students (n = 54) with…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Molecular Biology, Teaching Methods, Prior Learning
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Forbes, Cory T.; Davis, Elizabeth A. – Science Education, 2008
Curriculum materials are a crucial tool with which teachers engage in teaching practice. For preservice teachers to learn to use science curriculum materials in productive ways, they must develop a conception of themselves as elementary teachers in which the use of science curriculum materials is a valued dimension of science-teaching practice. We…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Science, Methods Courses
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Windschitl, Mark; Thompson, Jessica; Braaten, Melissa – Science Education, 2008
One hundred years after its conception, the scientific method continues to reinforce a kind of cultural lore about what it means to participate in inquiry. As commonly implemented in venues ranging from middle school classrooms to undergraduate laboratories, it emphasizes the testing of predictions rather than ideas, focuses learners on material…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Scientific Methodology, Scientific Principles, Science Laboratories
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Jacobs, Christina L.; Martin, Sonya N.; Otieno, Tracey C. – Science Education, 2008
In evaluating the success of teacher development programs, valid and scalable measures of teaching practice are needed. We have developed and validated the Science Lesson Plan Analysis Instrument (SLPAI) for quantitative evaluation of teacher-generated multiday lesson plans. This paper presents the SLPAI as a complement to surveys and classroom…
Descriptors: Teacher Education Programs, Program Evaluation, Observation, Program Effectiveness
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Carter, Lyn – Science Education, 2008
This paper reviews the significant sociocultural literatures on science studies, cultural diversity, and sustainability science to develop theoretical perspectives for science education more suitable to the challenges of contemporaneity. While the influences of science studies and cultural diversity are not uncommon within the science education…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Cultural Pluralism, Beginning Teachers
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Krajcik, Joseph; McNeill, Katherine L.; Reiser, Brian J. – Science Education, 2008
Reform efforts in science education emphasize the importance of rigorous treatment of science standards and use of innovative pedagogical approaches to make science more meaningful and successful. In this paper, we present a learning-goals-driven design model for developing curriculum materials, which combines national standards and a…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Curriculum Design, National Standards, Educational Change
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