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Cunningham, Christine M.; Kelly, Gregory J. – Science Education, 2017
Engineering offers new educational opportunities for students, yet also poses challenges about how to conceptualize the disciplinary core ideas, crosscutting concepts, and science and engineering practices of the disciplinary fields of engineering. In this paper, we draw from empirical studies of engineering in professional and school settings to…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Engineering Education, Curriculum Development, Teacher Education
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Kind, Per; Osborne, Jonathan – Science Education, 2017
In this paper, we contend that what to teach about scientific reasoning has been bedeviled by a lack of clarity about the construct. Drawing on the insights emerging from a cognitive history of science, we argue for a conception of scientific reasoning based on six "styles of scientific reasoning." Each "style" requires its own…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills, Epistemology
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Sikorski, Tiffany-Rose; Hammer, David – Science Education, 2017
Despite myriad attempts over the years to design curricula with logical ordering and connections, concerns persist that students view science as a body of prescribed information to memorize. In this essay, we argue that attempts to build coherence into the curriculum reflect fundamental and enduring misconceptions about the nature of coherence…
Descriptors: Science Curriculum, Curriculum Design, Misconceptions, Rhetoric
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Sin, Cristina – Science Education, 2014
This paper explores the relationship between epistemology, sociology, and learning and teaching in physics based on an examination of literature from research in science studies, history and philosophy of science, and physics pedagogic research. It reveals a mismatch between the positivist epistemological foundation which seems to underpin the…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Epistemology, Sociology
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Morin, Olivier; Simonneaux, Laurence; Simmoneaux, Jean; Tytler, Russell; Barraza, Laura – Science Education, 2014
Within the increasing body of research that examines students' reasoning on socioscientific issues, we consider in particular student reasoning concerning acute, open-ended questions that bring out the complexities and uncertainties embedded in ill-structured problems. In this paper, we propose a socioscientific sustainability reasoning…
Descriptors: Sustainability, Web Based Instruction, Cognitive Processes, Logical Thinking
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Wallace, Carolyn S. – Science Education, 2012
This is a critical time for the science education community as we embark on the creation and implementation of new national science standards. The purpose of this essay is to offer insight into how the language of curriculum standards, including that found in state science standards in the United States over the past 15 years, has posed barriers…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Psychology, Educational Policy, Science Education
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Ford, Michael J.; Wargo, Brian M. – Science Education, 2012
This article draws on M. M. Bakhtin's (1981) notion of dialogism to articulate what it means to understand a scientific idea. In science, understanding an idea is both conceptual and epistemic and is exhibited by an ability to use it in explanation and argumentation. Some distillation of these activities implies that dialogic understanding of a…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Observation, Evidence, Persuasive Discourse
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Ryu, Suna; Sandoval, William A. – Science Education, 2012
The aim of this study was to assess whether and how a sustained instructional focus on argumentation might improve children's understanding and application of key epistemic criteria for scientific arguments. These criteria include the articulation of clear, coherent causal claims, and the explicit justification of such claims with appropriate…
Descriptors: Evidence, Criteria, Persuasive Discourse, Educational Change
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Braaten, Melissa; Windschitl, Mark – Science Education, 2011
Scientific explanation plays a central role in science education reform documents, including the "Benchmarks for Science Literacy," the "National Science Education Standards", and the recent research report, "Taking Science to School." While scientific explanation receives significant emphases in these documents, there is little discussion or…
Descriptors: Science Education, Scientific Literacy, Scientific Concepts, Epistemology
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Carter, Lyn – Science Education, 2010
This paper aims to further articulate multicultural science education scholarship. In particular, it explores the notions of borders and border epistemologies as intellectual resources to think again about the challenges of science education in the global world that demand more sophisticated concepts to unravel some of its complexities. It…
Descriptors: Science Education, Multicultural Education, Global Approach, Epistemology
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Russ, Rosemary S.; Coffey, Janet E.; Hammer, David; Hutchison, Paul – Science Education, 2009
When teachers or students assess the quality of ideas in science classes, they do so mostly based on "textbook correctness"; ideas are good to the extent they align with or lead to the content as presented in the textbook or curriculum. Such appeals to authority are at odds with the values and practices within the disciplines of science. There has…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Epistemology, Science Education, Science Curriculum
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Lundqvist, Eva; Almqvist, Jonas; Ostman, Leif – Science Education, 2009
In this paper, we describe two central epistemological norms related to the importance of making investigations and to scientific language and its logic. These norms have been identified in empirical material consisting of 200 video-recorded lessons in three different science classes. With regard to the learning of science and socialization, we…
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Scientific Principles, Epistemology, Science Education
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Van Eijck, Michiel; Roth, Wolff-Michael – Science Education, 2007
The debate on the status of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) in science curricula is currently centered on a juxtaposition of two incompatible frameworks: multiculturalism and universalism. The aim of this paper is to establish a framework that overcomes this opposition between multiculturalism and universalism in science education, so that…
Descriptors: Cultural Pluralism, Epistemology, Indigenous Populations, Science Education
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Jimenez-Aleixandre, Maria-Pilar; Reigosa, Carlos – Science Education, 2006
The process of construction of meanings for the concepts of concentration and neutralization is explored in terms of "contextualizing practices" (Lemke, 1990, "Talking Science. Language, Learning and Values," Norwood, NJ: Ablex) creation of meanings through connections established among actions and their context. This notion is expanded to include…
Descriptors: Grade 10, Science Laboratories, Chemistry, Epistemology
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Lidar, Malena; Lundqvist, Eva; Ostman, Leif – Science Education, 2006
The practical epistemology used by students and the epistemological moves delivered by teachers in conversations with students are analyzed in order to understand how teaching activities interplay with the "how" and the "what" of students' learning. The purpose is to develop an approach for analyzing the process of privileging…
Descriptors: Sociocultural Patterns, Epistemology, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods
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