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Boone, William J.; Townsend, J. Scott; Staver, John R. – Science Education, 2016
When collecting data, science education researchers frequently have multiple respondents evaluate multiple artifacts using multiple criteria. Herein, the authors introduce Multifaceted Rasch Measurement (MFRM) analysis and explain why MFRM must be used when "judges'" data are collected. The authors use data from elementary science…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Elementary School Science, Methods Courses, Preservice Teacher Education
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Parker, Joan; Heywood, David – Science Education, 2013
Opportunities for the development of science-related pedagogy during training are necessarily limited for the generalist primary (elementary), preservice teacher. While school placement is an important context within which to develop such professional expertise, the role of institution-based learning is less well understood in this regard. This…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Science Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Reflection
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van Aalderen-Smeets, Sandra I.; Walma van der Molen, Juliette H.; Asma, Lieke J. F. – Science Education, 2012
Attention to the attitudes of preservice and inservice primary teachers toward science is of fundamental importance to research on primary science education. However, progress in this field of research has been slow due to the poor definition and conceptualization of the construct of primary teachers' attitude toward science. This poor theoretical…
Descriptors: Measurement, Teacher Attitudes, Scientific Attitudes, Elementary School Teachers
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Falk, Andrew – Science Education, 2012
Formative assessment, assessment used to inform subsequent learning, can have a powerful positive impact on student achievement, but little empirical work has been conducted to investigate the role of teachers' knowledge in its practice. This study investigated reciprocal relations between elementary science teachers' formative assessment…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Professional Development, Video Technology, Science Teachers
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Smolkin, Laura B.; McTigue, Erin M.; Donovan, Carol A.; Coleman, Julianne M. – Science Education, 2009
Given concerns with the low levels of explanation in science education classrooms, it has been suggested that text may supply a higher percentage of explanatory discourse than do classroom teachers. However, given that textbooks have been shown to differ little from teacher discourse in percentages of explanation, the present study sought to…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Physical Sciences, Biological Sciences, Teacher Background
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Howes, Elaine V.; Lim, Miyoun; Campos, Jaclyn – Science Education, 2009
Teaching literacy in inquiry-based science-teaching settings has recently become a focus of research in science education. Because professional scientists' uses of reading, writing, and speaking are foundational to their work, as well as to nonscientists' comprehension of it , it follows that literacy practices should also be central to science…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Literacy Education, Literacy, Science Education
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Metz, Kathleen E. – Science Education, 2009
This article examines teachers' perspectives on the challenges of using a science reform curriculum, as well as their learning in interaction with the curriculum and parallel professional development program. As case studies, I selected 4 veteran teachers of 2nd or 3rd grade, with varying science backgrounds (including 2 with essentially none).…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Grade 3, Elementary School Teachers, Science Curriculum
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Penuel, William; Fishman, Barry J.; Gallagher, Lawrence P.; Korbak, Christine; Lopez-Prado, Bladimir – Science Education, 2009
Implementation of science curriculum materials has been a fundamental challenge in science education for decades. Policy researchers have argued that alignment of standards, curriculum, and assessment are the key to supporting implementation. This paper focuses on teachers' perceptions of curricular alignment and on curriculum implementation using…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Science Curriculum, Curriculum Implementation, Science Instruction
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Forbes, Cory T.; Davis, Elizabeth A. – Science Education, 2008
Curriculum materials are a crucial tool with which teachers engage in teaching practice. For preservice teachers to learn to use science curriculum materials in productive ways, they must develop a conception of themselves as elementary teachers in which the use of science curriculum materials is a valued dimension of science-teaching practice. We…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Elementary School Science, Methods Courses
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Lee, Okhee; Lewis, Scott; Adamson, Karen; Maerten-Rivera, Jaime; Secada, Walter G. – Science Education, 2008
This study examined urban elementary teachers' knowledge and practices in teaching science while supporting English language development of English language learning (ELL) students. As part of a larger 5-year research project in the United States, the study involved 38 third-grade teachers who participated in the first-year implementation of a…
Descriptors: Intervention, Teacher Characteristics, Second Language Learning, Teacher Workshops
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Davis, Elizabeth A. – Science Education, 2006
Science teachers must adapt curriculum materials, so preservice teachers must develop beginning proficiency with this authentic task of teaching. What criteria do they use when they critique these materials in preparation for adapting them, when they develop the criteria themselves and when they are given a set of criteria from which to choose?…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Student Interests, Instructional Materials, Criteria
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Kisiel, James – Science Education, 2005
This investigation sought to identify the motivations that comprise teachers' agendas when leading student fieldtrips to science museums or similar sites. A survey distributed to upper elementary teachers resulted in a variety of open-ended responses that were analyzed and coded to identify recurring themes. In addition, ten teachers planning to…
Descriptors: Teacher Motivation, Field Trips, Elementary School Teachers, Science Teaching Centers
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Hudson, Peter; Skamp, Keith; Brooks, Lyndon – Science Education, 2005
Perceptions of mentors' practices related to primary science teaching from nine Australian universities (N = 331 final-year preservice teachers) were gathered through a literature-based instrument. Five factors that characterize effective mentoring practices in primary science teaching were supported by confirmatory factory analysis. These…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Test Reliability, Preservice Teachers, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
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Schibeci, Renato A.; Hickey, Ruth L. – Science Education, 2004
Professional development (PD) for primary science teachers is recognized as an important activity which can support improved science education for students. Analysis of interviews with practicing primary science teachers is used to identify the range of PD experiences of a sample of teachers from Western Australia. Teachers' reasons for attending…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Professional Development, Elementary School Teachers, Science Teachers
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Shireen Desouza, Josephine M.; Boone, William J.; Yilmaz, Ozgul – Science Education, 2004
Elementary and middle school teachers in urban schools in India provided responses to the science efficacy instrument (STEBI-A). These responses were evaluated using Rasch analysis and parametric tests. Rasch fit statistics and person-item maps were evaluated. It was found that the instrument worked well for the two groups of teachers, but the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teaching Experience, Urban Schools, Science Curriculum
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