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Ottemo, Andreas; Berge, Maria; Silfver, Eva – Science Education, 2020
A diverse body of feminist scholarship has addressed the masculine orientation of Western engineering education for at least four decades. Among critiques specifically targeting curriculum, a recurrent line of argumentation highlights its reductionist framing and narrow focus on mathematics and technology. The argument is that these traits…
Descriptors: Cultural Influences, Gender Bias, Engineering Education, Undergraduate Study
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Witteveen, Dirk; Attewell, Paul – Science Education, 2020
The low number of baccalaureates in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is often viewed as problematic for the US's economic competitiveness, leading scholars to search for explanations for STEM retention. Our analyses of the Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study indicate that the notion of a so-called…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Grading, Majors (Students), School Holding Power
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Fuselier, Linda C.; Jackson, J. Kasi; Stoiko, Rachel – Science Education, 2016
The nature of science (NOS) as described by education scholars is a critical component of scientific literacy and includes both rational and social aspects taught best in an explicit and reflective manner. NOS is frequently tied to a critical contextual empiricism (CCE) framework for knowledge production. Central to CCE is that objectivity is…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Scientific Literacy, College Science, Evolution
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Stieff, Mike; Scopelitis, Stephanie; Lira, Matthew E.; DeSutter, Dane – Science Education, 2016
Representational competence is a primary contributor to student learning in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) disciplines and an optimal target for instruction at all educational levels. We describe the design and implementation of a learning activity that uses concrete models to improve students' representational competence and…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, College Science, Science Education, Chemistry
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Boone, William J.; Townsend, J. Scott; Staver, John R. – Science Education, 2016
When collecting data, science education researchers frequently have multiple respondents evaluate multiple artifacts using multiple criteria. Herein, the authors introduce Multifaceted Rasch Measurement (MFRM) analysis and explain why MFRM must be used when "judges'" data are collected. The authors use data from elementary science…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Elementary School Science, Methods Courses, Preservice Teacher Education
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Sin, Cristina – Science Education, 2014
This paper explores the relationship between epistemology, sociology, and learning and teaching in physics based on an examination of literature from research in science studies, history and philosophy of science, and physics pedagogic research. It reveals a mismatch between the positivist epistemological foundation which seems to underpin the…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Epistemology, Sociology
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Parker, Joan; Heywood, David – Science Education, 2013
Opportunities for the development of science-related pedagogy during training are necessarily limited for the generalist primary (elementary), preservice teacher. While school placement is an important context within which to develop such professional expertise, the role of institution-based learning is less well understood in this regard. This…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Science Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Reflection
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Deng, Feng; Chen, Der-Thanq; Tsai, Chin-Chung; Chai, Ching Sing – Science Education, 2011
This review examines 105 empirical studies that investigate students' views of the nature of science (VNOS), effects of curricular interventions on changing students' VNOS, and relations between VNOS and demographics, majors, and learning of science. The reviewed studies can be categorized into three theoretical frameworks: the unidimension, the…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Research Methodology, Scientific Principles, Literature Reviews
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Pedretti, Erminia; Nazir, Joanne – Science Education, 2011
It has been 40 years since science, technology, society, and environment (STSE) education first appeared in science education research and practice. Although supported among many educators worldwide, there is much confusion surrounding the STSE slogan. Widely differing discourses on STSE education and diverse ways of practicing, have led to an…
Descriptors: Science Education, Social Sciences, Technology Education, Environmental Education
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Zhang, BaoHui; Liu, Xiufeng; Krajcik, Joseph S. – Science Education, 2006
Holding the premise that the development of expertise is a continuous process, this study concerns expert models and modeling processes associated with a modeling tool called Model-It. Five advanced Ph.D. students in environmental engineering and public health used Model-It to create and test models of water quality. Using "think aloud" technique…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Water Quality, Public Health, Models
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Dagher, Zoubeida R.; Boujaoude, Saouma – Science Education, 2005
This study explored how some college students understand the nature of the theory of evolution and how they evaluate its scientific status. We conducted semistructured interviews with 15 college biology seniors in which we asked them to explain why they think evolution assumes the status of a scientific theory, how it compares to other scientific…
Descriptors: Theories, Evolution, Undergraduate Students, Student Reaction