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Franz, Judy R.; Enochs, Larry G. – Science Education, 1982
Results of a national survey to determine state certification requirements for elementary school teaching were analyzed to determine the amount of science content required. Very few states appear to be mandating sufficient science training to ensure that elementary school teachers are prepared to teach science. (PB)
Descriptors: Degree Requirements, Elementary Education, Elementary School Science, Elementary School Teachers
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Driver, Rosalind; Newton, Paul; Osborne, Jonathan – Science Education, 2000
Develops the case for the inclusion and central role of argument in science education. Discusses the function and purpose of dialogical argument in the social construction of scientific knowledge and interpretation of empirical data. (Author/CCM)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Debate, Higher Education, Persuasive Discourse
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Harrison, Allan G.; Treagust, David F. – Science Education, 2000
Reports in detail on a year-long case study of multiple-model use at grade 11. Suggests that students who socially negotiated the shared and unshared attributes of common analogical models for atoms, molecules, and chemical bonds used these models more consistently in their explanations. (Author/CCM)
Descriptors: Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding, Chemistry, Grade 11
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Etkina E. – Science Education, 2000
Describes how to use weekly reports and addresses three questions: (1) What did you learn this week?; (2) What questions remained unclear?; and (3) If you were the professor, what questions would you ask to find out whether students understood the material? Student writing was used as a two-way feedback tool in teaching science. (Contains 21…
Descriptors: Evaluation, High Schools, Higher Education, Misconceptions
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Geddis, Arthur N. – Science Education, 1991
Illustrates how the sophistication of students' discussion on controversial issues can be increased by explicit attention to (1) the defensibility of more than one position, and (2) the relationship between protagonist's interests and the positions adopted. Presents a case study of a teacher using this scheme as he reflects on and modifies his…
Descriptors: Acid Rain, Case Studies, Concept Formation, Conflict
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Martin, Brian E.; Brouwer, Wytze – Science Education, 1991
Explores the use of narrative as a vehicle for sharing, communicating, and understanding personal experience. Argues that the narrative is a useful form of expression that is too often neglected in science education. Through stories students may begin to more successfully see the subtle dimensions of science and understand the ways in which…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Narration
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Griffin, Janette; Symington, David – Science Education, 1997
Although museums are considered optimal venues for informal learning, this study concludes that most school classes visiting museums are restricted and structured, teachers use mainly task-orientated teaching practices, and the museum activities are rarely linked to topics being studied at school. A research-based framework to guide teachers in…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Exhibits, Experiential Learning, Field Trips
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Solomonidou, Christina; Stavridou, Heleni – Science Education, 2000
Follows 168 Greek students ages 13-14 involved in a new sociocultural situation--a specially-designed introductory chemistry sequence. Results show that conceptual development occurred during the sequence. (Author/CCM)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Concept Formation, Foreign Countries, Learning Strategies
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Ogunniyi, M. B. – Science Education, 2000
Provides a synopsis of the UNITWIN/United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Chairs scheme in science and mathematics education in southern Africa. Examines the possible impact of the brain-drain phenomenon. Discusses the successes and failures that have attended efforts directed at capacity building in science and…
Descriptors: Educational Practices, Educational Strategies, Higher Education, Mathematics Education
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Campbell, Bob; And Others – Science Education, 1994
Analyzes the process of large scale curriculum development. Locates the projects and their development within the range of approaches advocated in science education and considers the practical decisions taken during the development in relation to theories of curriculum development and change. (ZWH)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Curriculum Development, Foreign Countries, Science Curriculum
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Bowen, Craig W. – Science Education, 1994
Delineates various conceptions of curriculum and uses one of these conceptions as basis for the development of a classroom learning environment instrument. Provides an overview of how a curriculum can be conceived as a social construction that arises through interaction of participants and explains how this instrument might be used by teachers and…
Descriptors: Cooperative Planning, Curriculum Development, Curriculum Evaluation, Elementary Secondary Education
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Shepardson, Daniel P.; Moje, Elizabeth B. – Science Education, 1994
Two groups of four children each were involved in a qualitative study designed to interpret the nature of fourth graders' understandings of electric circuits. Conclusions regarding knowledge restructuring are presented as well as implications for teaching, assessment, and research. (ZWH)
Descriptors: Classroom Research, Concept Formation, Electric Circuits, Electricity
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Stinner, Arthur – Science Education, 1995
Addresses the need for and the problem of organizing a science curriculum around contextual settings and science stories that serve to involve and motivate students to develop an understanding of the world that is rooted in the scientific and humanistic traditions. Presents a conceptual development model and a proposed program of activities. (76…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Context Effect, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries