ERIC Number: EJ1029781
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Toward a Theory of "Experience"
Roth, Wolff-Michael; Jornet, Alfredo
Science Education, v98 n1 p106-126 Jan 2014
"Experience" is one of the most used terms in (science) education, and it is recognized as being related to learning (education). Yet "what" experience is and "how" it is related to learning and change remains untheorized. In this paper, we mainly draw on the work of J. Dewey and L. S. Vygotsky but also on M. Bakhtin and more recent advances on the topic of experience from French philosophy to contribute to a theory of this important category. Accordingly, experience is not something that belongs to or is had by individuals but rather denotes "transactions" in and across space and time within irreducible person-in-setting units; and it is perfused with an affect that is not (only) the result of mental constructions. An episode from an Australian physics classroom is used to exemplify what such a theory and its method-related implications have to accomplish in the analysis of concrete science lessons.
Descriptors: Science Education, Scientific Concepts, Experience, Philosophy, Educational Theories, Theory Practice Relationship, Physics, Foreign Countries, Class Activities, Student Attitudes, Attitude Change, High School Students, Grade 11
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: High Schools; Grade 11
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia