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Castro-Faix, Moraima; Duncan, Ravit G. – Science Education, 2022
Genetics is a core topic in the biology curriculum of many countries. Learning genetics is difficult for multiple reasons, including the need to reason about complex mechanisms--and to link mechanisms--that occur at different time and space scales. Previous research in genetics education explores students' understandings of inheritance patterns or…
Descriptors: Genetics, Science Instruction, Heredity, Molecular Biology
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Chang, Hsin-Yi – Science Education, 2022
This study investigated eight experienced science teachers' and eight senior high school students' metavisualization when they drew models to represent their concepts of carbon cycling. Qualitative data collection techniques including think-aloud tasks and follow-up retrospective interviews were employed. The purposes of the study included: (1) to…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, High School Students, Visualization, Freehand Drawing
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Tang, Xiaowei; Levin, Daniel M.; Chumbley, Alexander K.; Elby, Andrew – Science Education, 2022
Science education researchers agree about the importance of evidence in science practices such as argumentation. Yet, disagreements and ambiguities about what counts as "evidence" in science classrooms pervade the literature. We argue that these ambiguities and disagreements can be viewed as falling along three fault lines: (i) the…
Descriptors: Science Education, Persuasive Discourse, Evidence, Educational Research
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Gray, Ron; Rogan-Klyve, Allyson; Canipe, Martha M. – Science Education, 2022
In this study, we examined the ways in which two middle school science teachers elicited and were responsive to students' initial science ideas for explaining an anchoring phenomenon while teaching the same model-based learning unit focused on plate tectonics. Data sources included student models, classroom video, and classroom artifacts. Our…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Middle School Students, Middle School Teachers, Teacher Student Relationship
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Chen, Jessica L.; Mensah, Felicia – Science Education, 2022
This comparative case study explored the ways two elementary Teachers of Color's science teacher identities and agency to teach science developed as they participated in a year-long science professional development that was situated within the high-stakes testing context of their school. The science professional development model used a dialogical…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Social Justice, Science Instruction, Faculty Development
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Bismack, Amber S.; Davis, Elizabeth A.; Palincsar, Annemarie S. – Science Education, 2022
With the shifts in science education emphasizing the integration of science practices with science content, there is a need to know how teachers understand those science practices within their teaching practice. Our primary research question was, "What do novice elementary teachers know about the science practices, in terms of what the…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Science Instruction, Knowledge Level
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Larkin, Douglas B.; Carletta, Liz; Evans, Sam – Science Education, 2022
This longitudinal case study investigates how one science teachers' conceptions change in one domain (assessment of science learning) but not in another (understanding the pedagogical implications of student diversity) over a period of 10 years that includes a university teacher education program and nine subsequent years of experience of…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Attitude Change, Science Instruction, Student Diversity
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Miles, Monica L.; Agger, Charlotte A.; Roby, ReAnna S.; Morton, Terrell R. – Science Education, 2022
Despite national calls for increasing diversity and inclusion within science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), inequitable recruitment and retention strategies remain commonplace. Inherent to many strategies is a lack of specificity in attending to the needs, desires, and cultures of individuals who are minoritized at the…
Descriptors: Minority Group Students, Females, Disproportionate Representation, STEM Education
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Marckwordt, Jasmine; Nguyen, Kimberly; Boxerman, Jonathan; Iveland, Ashley – Science Education, 2022
This exploratory qualitative study examined science teacher enactment of crosscutting concepts (CCCs), a core aspect of Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) three-dimensional learning, which also includes disciplinary core ideas and science and engineering practices (SEPs). We collected naturalistic observational and interview data from 13…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Science Instruction, Science Teachers, Academic Standards
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Bravo, Elena; Costillo, Emilio; Bravo, José L.; Mellado, Vicente; Conde, María del C. – Science Education, 2022
Nature field trips stand out as pedagogical experiences because of their benefits in science learning, even in early childhood education (ECE). However, previous studies have found that teachers often do not make use of their full educational potential. The present research offers a descriptive exploration of ECE prospective teachers' enactment of…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Early Childhood Education, Outdoor Education, Field Trips
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Cian, Heidi; Dou, Remy; Castro, Sheila; Palma-D'souza, Elizabeth; Martinez, Alexandra – Science Education, 2022
An individual's sense of themselves as a "STEM person" is largely formed through recognition feedback. Unfortunately, for many minoritized individuals who engage in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) in formal and informal spaces, this recognition often adheres to long-standing exclusionary expectations of what STEM…
Descriptors: STEM Education, At Risk Students, College Students, Minority Serving Institutions
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Hutner, Todd L.; Sampson, Victor; Chu, Lawrence; Baze, Christina L.; Crawford, Richard H. – Science Education, 2022
The Framework for K-12 Science Education details new goals to guide improvement of US science education. Among the new goals, the inclusion of engineering core ideas and practices stand out. We report a case study of four 8th-grade science teachers who chose to integrate engineering core ideas and practices into their science classes by teaching…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Science Teachers, Middle School Teachers, Grade 8
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Lacy, Sara J.; Tobin, Roger G.; Crissman, Sally; DeWater, Lezlie; Gray, Kara E.; Haddad, Nick; Hammerman, James K. L.; Seeley, Lane – Science Education, 2022
We describe the development, design, implementation, and preliminary classroom results of an innovative curriculum, "Focus on Energy," that supports learning about energy in Grades 4-5. The curriculum is grounded in the concepts of science as practice, model-based reasoning, and learning progressions, and builds on students' pre-existing…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Elementary School Science, Grade 4, Grade 5
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de Andrade, Vanessa; Shwartz, Yael; Freire, Sofia; Baptista, Mónica – Science Education, 2022
Mechanistic reasoning is a powerful form of reasoning central to scientific explanations. Despite mechanistic reasoning being an important dimension of scientific practice and a central dimension of science curricula, students face difficulties in developing such type of reasoning. Many authors have been proposing tools for supporting its…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Logical Thinking, Science Process Skills, Science Curriculum
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Membiela, Pedro; Vidal, Manuel; Fragueiro, Sandra; Lorenzo, María; García-Rodeja, Isabel; Aznar, Virginia; Bugallo, Anxela; González, Antonio – Science Education, 2022
Several variables associated with motivation toward science learning in preservice elementary teachers, such as relevance to personal goals and self-efficacy, are important factors in preservice preparation. The main objective is to analyze the relationships of these motivational variables with the emotions of boredom and enjoyment, and with…
Descriptors: Learning Motivation, Learner Engagement, Preservice Teachers, Elementary Education
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