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Papadouris, Nicos; Vokos, Stamatis; Constantinou, Constantinos P. – Science Education, 2018
This article seeks to make the case for the pursuit of a "better" explanation being a productive organizing framework for science teaching and learning. Underlying this position is the idea that this framework allows promoting, in a unified manner, facility with the scientific practice of constructing explanations, appreciation of its…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Models, Epistemology, Faculty Development
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Shah, Ashima Mathur; Wylie, Caroline; Gitomer, Drew; Noam, Gil – Science Education, 2018
In and out-of-school time (OST) experiences are viewed as complementary in contributing to students' interest, engagement, and performance in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). While tools exist to measure quality in general afterschool settings and others to measure structured science classroom experiences, there is a need…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Educational Improvement, Educational Quality, After School Programs
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Capobianco, Brenda M.; DeLisi, Jacqueline; Radloff, Jeffrey – Science Education, 2018
In an effort to document teachers' enactments of new reform in science teaching, valid and scalable measures of science teaching using engineering design are needed. This study describes the development and testing of an approach for documenting and characterizing elementary science teachers' multiday enactments of engineering design-based science…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Engineering, Engineering Education, Science Instruction
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Roblin, Natalie Pareja; Schunn, Christian; McKenney, Susan – Science Education, 2018
Large investments are made in curriculum materials with the goal of supporting science education reform. However, relatively little evidence is available about what features of curriculum materials really matter to impact student and teacher learning. To address this need, the current study examined curriculum features associated with student and…
Descriptors: Science Curriculum, Science Education, Instructional Materials, Outcomes of Education
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Bjørkvold, Tuva; Blikstad-Balas, Marte – Science Education, 2018
All scientists depend on both reading and writing to do their scientific work. It is of paramount importance to ensure that students have a relevant repertoire of practices they can employ when facing scientific content inside and outside the school context. The present study reports on students in seventh grade acting as researchers. Over an…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 7, Student Research, Writing Research
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Grineski, Sara; Daniels, Heather; Collins, Timothy; Morales, Danielle X.; Frederick, Angela; Garcia, Marilyn – Science Education, 2018
Research on the science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) student development pipeline has largely ignored social class and instead examined inequalities based on gender and race. We investigate the role of social class in undergraduate student research publications. Data come from a sample of 213 undergraduate research participants…
Descriptors: Social Class, Writing for Publication, STEM Education, Undergraduate Students
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Borgerding, Lisa A.; Raven, Sara – Science Education, 2018
Many standards documents and learning progressions recommend evolution learning in elementary grades. Given young children's interest in dinosaurs and other fossils, fossil investigations can provide a rich entry into evolutionary biology for young learners. Educational psychology literature has addressed children's reasoning about foundational…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts, Summer Programs, Case Studies
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Gamez, Rebeca; Parker, Carolyn A. – Science Education, 2018
This study investigates how two newcomer students, Elena and Martin, identified with and in science within the context of a classroom utilizing a reform-based science curriculum where instruction occurred only in English. Using ethnographic case study methods, we drew from anthropological theories on identity development and sociocultural…
Descriptors: Novices, Elementary School Science, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students
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Varelas, Maria; Morales-Doyle, Daniel; Raza, Syeda; Segura, David; Canales, Karen; Mitchener, Carole – Science Education, 2018
In this study, we explored how science teacher candidates construct ideas about science teaching and learning in the context of partnerships with urban community-based organizations. We used a case study design focusing on a group of 10 preservice teachers' participation in educational programming that focused on environmental racism and connected…
Descriptors: Community Organizations, Science Teachers, Partnerships in Education, School Community Programs
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Wernecke, Ulrike; Schwanewedel, Julia; Harms, Ute – Science Education, 2018
Energy transfer in ecosystems is an abstract and challenging topic for learners. Metaphors are widely used in scientific and educational discourse to communicate ideas about abstract phenomena. However, although considered valuable teaching tools, metaphors are ambiguous and can be misleading when used in educational contexts. Educational…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Energy, Power Technology, Ecology
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Barnes, M. Elizabeth; Brownell, Sara E. – Science Education, 2018
Students' religious beliefs and religious cultures have been shown to be the main factors predicting whether they will accept evolution, yet college biology instructors teaching evolution at public institutions often have religious beliefs and cultures that are different from their religious students. This difference in religious beliefs and…
Descriptors: Evolution, Church Related Colleges, Beliefs, Interviews
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Shim, Soo-Yean; Kim, Heui-Baik – Science Education, 2018
In this study, we examined students' epistemological and positional framing during small group scientific modeling to explore their context-dependent perceptions about knowledge, themselves, and others. We focused on two small groups of Korean eighth-grade students who participated in six modeling activities about excretion. The two groups were…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Science Education, Persuasive Discourse, Grade 8
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Fick, Sarah J. – Science Education, 2018
Science education reforms focus on the integration of three dimensions: disciplinary core ideas (DCIs), scientific and engineering practices (SEPs), and crosscutting concepts (CCCs). While research has examined the role of DCIs and SEPs in teaching and learning, little research has explored how the CCCs might be integrated. This research proposes…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Learning Processes, Science Instruction, Class Activities
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Lombardi, Doug; Bickel, Elliot S.; Bailey, Janelle M.; Burrell, Shondricka – Science Education, 2018
Evaluation is an important aspect of science and is receiving increasing attention in science education. The present study investigated (1) changes to plausibility judgments and knowledge as a result of a series of instructional scaffolds, called model-evidence link activities, that facilitated evaluation of scientific and alternative models in…
Descriptors: High School Students, Science Instruction, Earth Science, Knowledge Level
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Bottia, Martha Cecilia; Stearns, Elizabeth; Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin; Moller, Stephanie – Science Education, 2018
This article investigates whether attending a high school that offers a specialized science, technology, engineering, and/or mathematics program (high school with a STEM program) boosts the number of students majoring in STEM when they are in college. We use a longitudinal sample of students in North Carolina, whom we follow from middle school…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Majors (Students), High School Students, Correlation
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