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Showing 241 to 255 of 859 results Save | Export
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Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis; Schulz, Roland – Science & Education, 2014
The unique contributions of romanticism and romantic science have been generally ignored or undervalued in history and philosophy of science studies and science education. Although more recent research in history of science has come to delineate the value of both topics for the development of modern science, their merit for the educational field…
Descriptors: Romanticism, Science Instruction, Science History, World History
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de Berg, Kevin – Science & Education, 2014
Both Lavoisier and Priestley were committed to the role of experiment and observation in their chemistry practice. According to Lavoisier the physical sciences embody three important ingredients; facts, ideas, and language, and Priestley would not have disagreed with this. Ideas had to be consistent with the facts generated from experiment and…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Science Experiments, Physical Sciences
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Juuti, Kalle – Science & Education, 2014
The goal of this paper is to study the question of whether a phenomenological view of the Earth could be empirically endorsed. The phenomenological way of thinking considers the Earth as a material entity, but not as an object as viewed in science. In the learning science tradition, tracking the process of the conceptual change of the shape of the…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Earth Science, Phenomenology, Astronomy
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Karam, Ricardo; Coimbra, Debora; Pietrocola, Maurício – Science & Education, 2014
Due to its fundamental role for the consolidation of Maxwell's equations, the displacement current is one of the most important topics of any introductory course on electromagnetism. Moreover, this episode is widely used by historians and philosophers of science as a case study to investigate several issues (e.g. the theory-experiment…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Equations (Mathematics), Scientific Concepts, Comparative Analysis
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Mutanen, Arto – Science & Education, 2014
The paper is a philosophical analysis of experimentation. The philosophical framework of the analysis is the interrogative model of inquiry developed by Hintikka. The basis of the model is explicit and well-formed logic of questions and answers. The framework allows us to formulate a flexible logic of experimentation. In particular, the formulated…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Science Experiments, Inquiry, Models
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Tolvanen, Simo; Jansson, Jan; Vesterinen, Veli-Matti; Aksela, Maija – Science & Education, 2014
Successful implementation of historical approach to teach nature of science (NOS) requires suitable curriculum material. Several research and development projects have produced lesson plans for science teachers. 25 lesson plans from four different projects involved in creating curriculum material utilizing historical approach in chemistry…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Teaching Methods, Educational Practices, Educational Strategies
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Gerontas, Apostolos – Science & Education, 2014
Chromatographic instrumentation has been really influential in shaping the modern chemical practice, and yet it has been largely overlooked by history of science.Gas chromatography in the 1960s was considered the analytical technique closer to becoming dominant, and being the first automated chromatography set the standards that all the subsequent…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science History, Instrumentation, Scientific Research
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Lewis, Jenny – Science & Education, 2014
This paper explores knowledge and understanding of basic genetics and gene technologies in school students who have been taught to a "science for all" National Curriculum and compares 482 students in 1995 (gene technology was a new and rapidly developing area of science with potential to impact on everyday life; the first cohort of…
Descriptors: Genetics, Technology, Science Education, Comparative Analysis
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Paul, Diane B. – Science & Education, 2014
Although it is often taken for granted that eugenics is odious, exactly what makes it so is far from obvious. The existence of considerable interpretative flexibility is evident in the disparate policy lessons for contemporary reproductive genetics (or "reprogenetics") that have been derived from essentially the same set of historical…
Descriptors: Genetics, Selection, Moral Values, Moral Issues
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Mosvold, Reidar; Jakobsen, Arne; Jankvist, Uffe Thomas – Science & Education, 2014
In this theoretical article, we aim at theorizing the old statement that mathematics teachers might profit from studying the history of mathematics. We do this by drawing upon the theoretical framework of mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT). A selection of international studies on the history and pedagogy of mathematics is used as starting…
Descriptors: Mathematics Teachers, History, Theories, Knowledge Base for Teaching
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Jankvist, Uffe Thomas; Iversen, Steffen Møllegaard – Science & Education, 2014
The article elaborates and exemplifies a potential categorization of the reasons for using philosophy, in particular the philosophy of mathematics, in mathematics education and approaches to doing so-the so-called "whys" and "hows". More precisely, the "whys" are divided into the two categories of "philosophy as…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Mathematics Education, Teaching Methods, Educational Objectives
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Barnett, Janet Heine; Lodder, Jerry; Pengelley, David – Science & Education, 2014
We analyze our method of teaching with primary historical sources within the context of theoretical frameworks for the role of history in teaching mathematics developed by Barbin, Fried, Jahnke, Jankvist, and Kjeldsen and Blomhøj, and more generally from the perspective of Sfard's theory of learning as communication. We present case studies…
Descriptors: Primary Sources, Mathematics, History, Mathematics Instruction
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Cable, John – Science & Education, 2014
This article offers a new interpretation of Piaget's decanting experiments, employing the mathematical notion of equivalence instead of conservation. Some reference is made to Piaget's theories and to his educational legacy, but the focus in on certain of the experiments. The key to the new analysis is the abstraction principle, which…
Descriptors: Mathematical Concepts, Concept Formation, Experiments, Philosophy
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Taani, Osama – Science & Education, 2014
In this paper, I discuss one of the most distinguishing features of Jamshid al-Kashi's pedagogy from his "Key to Arithmetic", a well-known Arabic mathematics textbook from the fifteenth century. This feature is the multiple paths that he includes to find a desired result. In the first section light is shed on al-Kashi's life…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Textbooks, Astronomy
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Fiss, Andrew – Science & Education, 2014
This article introduces the justification problem for mathematics, which it explores through the case study of 1820s-1840s rationales for the teaching of mathematics to women in the United States. It argues that, while educators in the 1820s justified women's studies through mental discipline (a common reason for men's study), those of…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Educational History, United States History, Womens Education
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