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Morante, Silvia; Rossi, Giancarlo – Science & Education, 2016
The purpose of this work is to reconsider and critically discuss the conceptual foundations of modern biology and bio-sciences in general, and provide an epistemological guideline to help framing the teaching of these disciplines and enhancing the quality of their presentation in High School, Master and Ph.D. courses. After discussing the…
Descriptors: Biology, Biological Sciences, Scientific Concepts, Guides
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Kanderakis, Nikos – Science & Education, 2016
In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, mathematicians and physical philosophers managed to study, via mathematics, various physical systems of the sublunar world through idealized and simplified models of these systems, constructed with the help of geometry. By analyzing these models, they were able to formulate new concepts, laws and…
Descriptors: Science Education, Physics, Mathematics, Secondary School Science
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Kjeldsen, Tinne Hoff; Lützen, Jesper – Science & Education, 2015
In this paper, we discuss the history of the concept of function and emphasize in particular how problems in physics have led to essential changes in its definition and application in mathematical practices. Euler defined a function as an analytic expression, whereas Dirichlet defined it as a variable that depends in an arbitrary manner on another…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Science Instruction, Physics, Interdisciplinary Approach
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Clarage, James B. – Science & Education, 2013
Much of the mathematical reasoning employed in the typical introductory physics course can be traced to Pythagorean roots planted over two thousand years ago. Besides obvious examples involving the Pythagorean theorem, I draw attention to standard physics problems and derivations which often unknowingly rely upon the Pythagoreans' work on…
Descriptors: Music, Mechanics (Physics), Energy Conservation, Optics
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Galili, Igal – Science & Education, 2012
Historical excurse was suggested as a beneficial form of using the history and philosophy of science in the modules of learning materials developed within the History and Philosophy in Science Teaching project. The paper briefly describes the theoretical framework of the produced modules, addressing ontological and epistemological aspects of…
Descriptors: Physics, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Misconceptions, Cultural Influences
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Hottecke, Dietmar; Henke, Andreas; Riess, Falk – Science & Education, 2012
This paper presents a rationale for utilizing HPS to teach physics and the NoS developed in the course of a project funded by the European Union. A core feature of this approach is formed by the development of historical case studies for the use in lessons. Furthermore, the learners' perspectives are explicitly taken into account. Teaching methods…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Program Descriptions, Program Effectiveness, Teaching Methods
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Papadouris, Nicos; Constantinou, Constantinos P. – Science & Education, 2011
Learning about energy is recognized as an important objective of science teaching starting from the elementary school. This creates the need for teaching simplifications that compromise the abstract nature of this concept with students' need for a satisfactory qualitative definition. Conventional teaching approaches have failed to respond to this…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Teaching Methods, Energy, Science Instruction
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Quale, Andreas – Science & Education, 2011
The association between the observable physical world and the mathematical models used in theoretical physics to describe this world is examined. Such models will frequently exhibit solutions that are "unexpected," in the sense that they describe physical situations which are different from that which the physicist may initially have had in mind…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Mathematical Models, Physics, Epistemology
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Coelho, Ricardo Lopes – Science & Education, 2010
Some physicists have pointed out that we do not know what force is. The most common definition of force in textbooks has been criticized for more than two centuries. Many studies have shown that the concept of force is a problem for teaching. How to conceive force on the basis of the concepts and criticism of force in the works of Newton, Euler,…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Physics, Motion, Scientific Concepts
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Kalman, Calvin – Science & Education, 2010
This paper is centered on getting students to understand the nature of science (NOS) by considering historical material in relation to modern philosophers of science. This paper incorporates the methodology of contrasting cases in the calculus-based introductory physics course on optics and modern physics. Students study one philosopher all…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Calculus, Science Education, Teaching Methods
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Niaz, Mansoor; Klassen, Stephen; McMillan, Barbara; Metz, Don – Science & Education, 2010
The authors of this paper portray the perspective of Professor Leon Cooper, a theoretical physicist, Nobel laureate, active researcher, and physics textbook author, on teaching science and on the nature of science (NOS). The views presented emerged from an interview prepared by the authors and responded to in writing by Professor Cooper. Based on…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Scientific Principles, Physics, Scientists
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Kipnis, Nahum – Science & Education, 2009
Difficulties in learning Ohm's Law suggest a need to refocus it from the law for a part of the circuit to the law for the whole circuit. Such a revision may improve understanding of Ohm's Law and its practical applications. This suggestion comes from an analysis of the history of the law's discovery and its teaching. The historical materials this…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Physics, Energy, Science Instruction
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Gauld, Colin F. – Science & Education, 2009
Books I and III of Newton's "Principia" develop Newton's dynamical theory and show how it explains a number of celestial phenomena. Book II has received little attention from historians or educators because it does not play a major role in Newton's argument. However, it is in Book II that we see most clearly Newton both as a theoretician and an…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Historians, Science Instruction, Science Experiments
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Kalman, Calvin – Science & Education, 2009
The whole mode of Galileo's discovery of the Law of Inertia is an excellent exemplar of the Nature of Science. The law can, moreover be shown to be a direct consequence of the hypothesis that space is homogeneous and isotropic and time is homogeneous.
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Science History, Scientific Concepts, Scientists
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Coelho, Ricardo Lopes – Science & Education, 2009
Some physicists have pointed out that we do not know what energy is. Many studies have shown that the concept of energy is a problem for teaching. A study of the history of the concept shows that the discoverers of energy did not find anything which is indestructible and transformable but rather that the concept of energy underwent a change of…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Motion, Energy, Physics
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