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Schmiemann, Philipp; Nehm, Ross H.; Tornabene, Robyn E. – Science & Education, 2017
Understanding how situational features of assessment tasks impact reasoning is important for many educational pursuits, notably the selection of curricular examples to illustrate phenomena, the design of formative and summative assessment items, and determination of whether instruction has fostered the development of abstract schemas divorced from…
Descriptors: Genetics, Scores, Formative Evaluation, Summative Evaluation
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Christidou, Vasilia; Bonoti, Fotini; Kontopoulou, Argiro – Science & Education, 2016
This study explores American and Greek primary pupils' visual images of scientists by means of two nonverbal data collection tasks to identify possible convergences and divergences. Specifically, it aims to investigate whether their images of scientists vary according to the data collection instrument used and to gender. To this end, 91…
Descriptors: Scientists, Stereotypes, Elementary School Students, Grade 3
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Kaya, Ebru; Erduran, Sibel – Science & Education, 2016
The inclusion of Nature of Science (NOS) in the science curriculum has been advocated around the world for several decades. One way of defining NOS is related to the family resemblance approach (FRA). The family resemblance idea was originally described by Wittgenstein. Subsequently, philosophers and educators have applied Wittgenstein's idea to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Genetics, Heredity, Science Curriculum
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Siemsen, Hayo – Science & Education, 2013
George Sarton had a strong influence on modern history of science. The method he pursued throughout his life was the method he had discovered in Ernst Mach's "Mechanics" when he was a student in Ghent. Sarton was in fact throughout his life implementing a research program inspired by the epistemology of Mach. Sarton in turn inspired many…
Descriptors: Science Education, Research Projects, Science Instruction, Epistemology
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Siemsen, Hayo – Science & Education, 2012
George Sarton had a strong influence on modern history of science. The method he pursued throughout his life was the method he had discovered in Ernst Mach's "Mechanics" when he was a student in Ghent. Sarton was in fact throughout his life implementing a research program inspired by the epistemology of Mach. Sarton in turn inspired many…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Modern History, Epistemology, Science Education
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Henderson, James – Science & Education, 2012
There are currently both scientific and public debates surrounding Darwinism. In the scientific debate, the details of evolution are in dispute, but not the central thesis of Darwin's theory; in the public debate, Darwinism itself is questioned. I concentrate on the public debate because of its direct impact on education in the United States. Some…
Descriptors: Evidence, Evolution, Theories, Teaching Methods
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Schirrmacher, Arne – Science & Education, 2012
While science education and popularization by means of print media developed in quite similar forms in many nations, the advent of radio resulted in initiatives to bring science on the air that were rather heterogeneous from country to country. The German case stands out with respect to quantity, variety and ambition, and also for its special…
Descriptors: Science Programs, Printed Materials, Foreign Countries, German
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Glick, Thomas F. – Science & Education, 2010
The subfield of Darwin studies devoted to comparative reception coalesced around 1971 with the planning of a conference on the subject, at the University of Texas at Austin held in April 1972. The original focus was western Europe, Russia and the United States. Subsequently a spate of studies on the Italian reception added to the Eurocentric…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Trends, Evolution, Science Education
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Uebel, Thomas – Science & Education, 2009
This paper comments on Reisch's book "How the Cold War Transformed Philosophy of Science." Overall supportive of Reisch's project and perspective, it raises certain points where the data appear inconclusive and either provides additional support or briefly explores some interpretative alternatives.
Descriptors: Philosophy, Sciences, Logical Thinking, Politics
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Fishman, Yonatan I. – Science & Education, 2009
Several prominent scientists, philosophers, and scientific institutions have argued that science cannot test supernatural worldviews on the grounds that (1) science presupposes a naturalistic worldview (Naturalism) or that (2) claims involving supernatural phenomena are inherently beyond the scope of scientific investigation. The present paper…
Descriptors: World Views, Science Tests, Educational Policy, Science Education
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Edgar, Scott – Science & Education, 2009
This paper considers George A. Reisch's account of the role of Cold War political forces in shaping the apolitical stance that came to dominate philosophy of science in the late 1940s and 1950s. It argues that at least as early as the 1930s, Logical Empiricists such as Rudolf Carnap already held that philosophy of science could not properly have…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Sciences, Politics, Logical Thinking
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Stump, David J. – Science & Education, 2009
This paper considers several models of politically engaged philosophy with the aim of provoking discussion of George Reisch's "How the Cold War Transformed Philosophy of Science." At issue is the Unity of Science movement's conception of the philosophy of science in particular and what politically engaged philosophy of science might look…
Descriptors: Science History, Philosophy, Sciences, Politics