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Héraud, Jean-Loup; Lautesse, Philippe; Ferlin, Fabrice; Chabot, Hugues – Science & Education, 2017
Our work extends a previous study of epistemological presuppositions in teaching quantum physics in upper scientific secondary school in France. Here, the problematic reference of quantum theory's concepts is treated at the ontological level (the counterintuitive nature of quantum objects). We consider the approach of using narratives describing…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Secondary School Science, Science Instruction
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Archila, Pablo Antonio – Science & Education, 2015
This article describes the effect of a teaching-learning sequence (TLS) based on the discovery of oxygen in promoting students' argumentation. It examines the written and oral arguments produced by 63 high school students (24 females and 39 males, 16-17 years old) in France during a complete TLS supervised by the same teacher. The data used in…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Persuasive Discourse, High School Students, Written Language
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Lautesse, Philippe; Vila Valls, Adrien; Ferlin, Fabrice; Héraud, Jean-Loup; Chabot, Hugues – Science & Education, 2015
One of the main problems in trying to understand quantum physics is the nature of the referent of quantum theory. This point is addressed in the official French curriculum in upper secondary school. Starting in 2012, after about 20 years of absence, quantum physics has returned to the national program. On the basis of the historical construction…
Descriptors: Quantum Mechanics, Physics, Secondary School Curriculum, Secondary School Science
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Radtka, Catherine – Science & Education, 2015
This paper examines physics and mathematics textbooks published in France at the end of the 1950s and at the beginning of the 1960s for children aged 11-15 years old. It argues that at this "middle school" level, textbooks contributed to shape cultural representations of both disciplines and their mutual boundaries through their contents…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Science Instruction, Textbooks, Educational History
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Onghena, Sofie – Science & Education, 2013
A case study of secondary experimental science instruction in Belgium demonstrates the importance of cross-national communication in the study of science education. Belgian secondary science education in the years 1880-1914 had a clear internationalist dimension. French and German influences turn out to have been essential, stimulated by the fact…
Descriptors: Science Education, Foreign Countries, Science Instruction, Science Teachers
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Blanco, Monica – Science & Education, 2013
The aim of this paper is to provide a cross-national comparative analysis of the introduction of calculus in Spanish and French military educational institutions through the works of Pedro Padilla y Arcos (1724-1807?) and Etienne Bezout (1730-1783), respectively. Both authors developed their educational work in the context of military schools and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Calculus, Military Schools
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Radtka, Catherine – Science & Education, 2013
This study explores the way the concept of temperature was presented in lower-secondary science textbooks in France, Poland and England at the end of the 1950s and in the 2000s. I draw on history of science, history of education and book history to analyze different treatments of an apparently-similar scientific concept with regard to national…
Descriptors: Climate, Foreign Countries, Scientific Concepts, Educational History
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Barrue, Catherine; Albe, Virginie – Science & Education, 2013
The educative goal of citizenship education through science education converges to the declared purpose of the SSI research movement. Socioscientific issues formulated in science education research covering topics as biotechnology, environmental issues, sustainable development, energy choices, have been introduced in French Middle Schools. But…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Science Education, Science and Society, Middle School Teachers
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Maurines, Laurence; Beaufils, Daniel – Science & Education, 2013
Physics and chemistry programs at the secondary school level in France recommend introducing components of the history of science (HS). Emphasis is placed on a "cultural" dimension, which is poorly defined but essentially refers to elements of epistemological nature. Moreover, the few examples of activities based on HS suggested by the…
Descriptors: Physics, Chemistry, Learning Activities, Teaching Methods
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Fauque, Danielle M. E. – Science & Education, 2009
In scientific teaching, especially in physics and chemistry, some historical aspects have been introduced at the secondary level in France, since 1993. Particularly, in 2007, the syllabuses of 11'-15' years old level ("college") propose precise activities in history of science and technology. Detailed guidance has been distributed in…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Foreign Countries, History, Science Instruction
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Clement, Pierre – Science & Education, 2007
In France, as well as in several other countries, the cell concept is introduced at school by two juxtaposed drawings, a plant cell and an animal cell. After indicating the didactic obstacles associated with this presentation, this paper focuses on the reasons underlying the persistence of these two prototypes, through three complementary…
Descriptors: Plants (Botany), Animals, Cytology, Botany
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Lehman, Christine; Bensaude-Vincent, Bernadette – Science & Education, 2007
The purpose of the paper is twofold: (1) To contrast the longstanding tradition of private and public courses of chemistry with the public demonstrations of physics. Whether taught in public institutions such as the Jardin du Roi or by apothecaries in their officines chemistry demonstrations were not for the entertainment of their audiences.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science History, Chemistry, Demonstrations (Educational)
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Daniel, Raichvarg – Science & Education, 2007
During the 18th and 19th centuries, numerous "entrepreneurs de spectacles scientifiques"--a new category of "stall-keepers"--travelled around France, displaying their scientific shows to the public. They turned out to be physics demonstrators, magicians, mechanical engineers or curators of museums of anatomy. A general survey…
Descriptors: Science Education, Popular Culture, Current Events, History
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Clericuzio, Antonio – Science & Education, 2006
In the seventeenth century the status of chemistry changed remarkably. Chemistry was no longer regarded as a manual practice subordinated to medicine but as an independent discipline that was taught both privately and in universities. In Germany, it became part of the medical teaching in several universities, while in the rest of Europe the…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Chemistry, Medicine, Foreign Countries
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Pantin, Isabelle – Science & Education, 2006
For a long time, the medieval university maintained relative consistency throughout Europe in teaching topics and methods. But between 1550 and 1650 this came to an end. The evolution concerned the content of the courses and, to a lesser extent, the way the field was taught. The impact of these changes varied greatly from place to place, and new…
Descriptors: Astronomy, Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Instruction