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Alcantara, Marlon C.; Braga, Marco; van den Heuvel, Charles – Science & Education, 2020
This paper discusses the potential of the creation and analysis of historical networks as didactic strategies in science education. To this end, we first argue the importance of combining critical approaches of the history of science with historical network research. This will be followed by a report of an empirical experiment in which the history…
Descriptors: Science Education, Network Analysis, High School Students, Science History
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Silva, Heslley Machado; Mortimer, Eduardo Fleury – Science & Education, 2020
In comparison to teachers from Argentina and Uruguay, Brazilian teachers face greater difficulties in teaching biological evolution, due to religion. While Argentina has an official religion set in its constitution, Uruguay and Brazil are considered secular countries. Despite being a self-proclaimed secular country, Brazil tolerates and encourages…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Evolution, Religious Factors, Biology
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Gericke, Niklas; Carver, Rebecca; Castéra, Jérémy; Evangelista, Neima Alice Menezes; Marre, Claire Coiffard; El-Hani, Charbel N. – Science & Education, 2017
Genetic determinism can be described as the attribution of the formation of traits to genes, where genes are ascribed more causal power than what scientific consensus suggests. Belief in genetic determinism is an educational problem because it contradicts scientific knowledge, and is a societal problem because it has the potential to foster…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Genetics, Scientific Concepts, Scientific Literacy
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Schiffer, Hermann; Guerra, Andreia – Science & Education, 2015
Seeking a historical-philosophical approach to science teaching, narrative texts have been used as pedagogical tools to improve the learning experience of students. A review of the literature of different types of narrative texts and their different rates of effectiveness in science education is presented. This study was developed using the…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Science History, Science Instruction, Instructional Materials
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Guerra, Andreia; Braga, Marco; Reis, Jose Claudio – Science & Education, 2013
Various studies have promoted instruction in the history and philosophy of science (HPS) in science classes, but the best way of putting this perspective into practice remains undetermined. To contribute to this issue, we developed a pedagogical project in some high schools in Brazil that aimed to present science content using an…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Instruction, Science History, Science and Society
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Marcelos, Maria Fatima; Nagem, Ronaldo Luiz – Science & Education, 2012
This work discusses the use of Darwin's "Tree of Life" as a didactic analogy and metaphor in teaching evolution. It investigates whether biology teachers of pupils from 17 to 18 years old know Darwin's text "Tree of Life". In addition, it examines whether those teachers systematically employ either the analogies present in that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Evolution, Biology, Science Instruction
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Souza, Karina Ap F. D.; Porto, Paulo Alves – Science & Education, 2012
Assuming that textbooks give literary expression to cultural and ideological values of a nation or group, we propose the analysis of chemistry textbooks used in Brazilian universities throughout the twentieth century. We analyzed iconographic and textual aspects of 31 textbooks which had significant diffusion in the context of Brazilian…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Physics, Chemistry, Science Education
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Braga, Marco; Guerra, Andreia; Reis, Jose Claudio – Science & Education, 2012
This paper evaluates the viability of using controversies in teaching. An educational project has been elaborated in which some historical-philosophical clashes were introduced into the classical syllabus of physics. The historical-philosophical controversy dealt with here, took place between the French physicists Biot and Ampere in the 19th…
Descriptors: Science History, Philosophy, Science Instruction, Physics
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Villani, Alberto; de Almeida Pacca, Jesuina Lopes; de Freitas, Denise – Science & Education, 2009
This paper analyzes the most significant events occurring in Brazil's educational, social and political areas over the last half century, viewed against a background of relevant worldwide events. The hypothesis presented here is that the relations between the country's educational policies, the demands of the various segments of academia, and the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Teachers, Teacher Education, Educational Policy
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Do Carmo, Ricardo Santos; Nunes-Neto, Nei Freitas; El-Hani, Charbel Nino – Science & Education, 2009
Gaia theory proposes that a cybernetic system including the biota and the physicochemical environment regulates environmental variables at a global scale, keeping them within a range that makes Earth inhabitable by living beings. One can argue that this theory can play an important role in school science, since it bears upon current environmental…
Descriptors: Environmental Education, Textbooks, Scientific Principles, Biology
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Baptista, Geilsa Costa Santos; El-Hani, Charbel Nino – Science & Education, 2009
This paper reports results obtained in pedagogical interventions in a Brazilian public high school which aimed at promoting a dialogue between scientific and traditional knowledge in the context of biology teaching. The interventions were based on the use of a didactic material and teaching sequence elaborated on the grounds of school knowledge…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Cultural Pluralism, Botany, Biology
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Rosa, Katemari; Martins, Maria Cristina – Science & Education, 2009
This paper is an analysis of inserting history and philosophy of science (HPS) in a physics undergraduate program at a Brazilian university. It is an examination of the approaches and methodologies adopted by professors of a History and Epistemology course. The course aims to have an explicit approach to HPS. The results suggest a concern of the…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Physics, Epistemology, Teaching Methods