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Adu-Gyamfi, Kwaku; Bossé, Michael J.; Lynch-Davis, Kathleen – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
Previous research has investigated the representational translation practices of high school students, high school teachers, and college preservice teachers in various mathematical contexts including linear functions. Findings from qualitative research has frequently led to new notions about participant work and understanding. Many quantitative…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, High School Students, High School Teachers, Preservice Teachers
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Brobst, Joseph A.; Markworth, Kimberly A. – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
We conducted a multi-year study of specialization in elementary mathematics and/or science, using data drawn from a local sample of teachers and a nationwide sample of principals. Using the theory of planned behavior, we compare and contrast teacher and principal views and decision-making processes related to elementary content specialization…
Descriptors: Specialization, Teacher Attitudes, Administrator Attitudes, Principals
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Kombe, Dennis; Che, S. Megan; Bridges, William – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
With the introduction of single-sex classroom settings in coeducational public schools, there is an ongoing debate as to whether single-sex education may reduce or reinforce traditional stereotypes and gender roles. In this article we present findings from a study that investigated the extent to which mathematics is perceived as a gendered domain…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Middle School Students, Single Sex Classes, Coeducation
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Sparks, David M.; Pole, Kathryn – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
Teachers involved in a Master's level course in diversity participated in virtual, synchronous, anonymized discussions around issues of ethnic and racial diversity, gender, and stereotypes that could impact their students' participation in fields related to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Guided by theoretical frameworks…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Mathematics Teachers, Equal Education, STEM Education
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Cross Francis, Dionne; Tan, Verily; Nicholas, Celeste – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
In this paper, we examined students' engagement in an implementation of a Workplace Simulation Project (WSP). The WSP was designed to actively engage students in learning disciplinary content by inviting engineers from industry to have a physical presence within the school building to collaborate with teachers and students to complete projects…
Descriptors: Informal Education, Interdisciplinary Approach, Design, Simulation
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Lucas, Lyrica L.; Lewis, Elizabeth B. – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
Findings from physics education research strongly point to the critical need for teachers' use of multiple representations in their instructional practices such as pictures, diagrams, written explanations, and mathematical expressions to enhance students' problem-solving ability. In this study, we explored use of problem-solving tasks for…
Descriptors: High School Students, Physics, Problem Solving, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique)
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Witherspoon, Taajah Felder – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
The goal of this research was to examine fifth graders' understanding of fractions on the number line. This case-study design focused on the various ways that students represented fractions on number lines. Students responded to task-based interview questions by identifying fractions as a number on the number line as well as equivalency and…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Fractions, Numbers, Visual Aids
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Jung, Hyunyi; Stehr, Eryn M.; He, Jia – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
Engaging with mathematical modeling can support learners to collaboratively explore mathematics in integrated ways as well as generate mathematical ideas and representations that may be useful in everyday life. Although several studies provide diverse insights into teaching and learning mathematical modeling, research has yet to be conducted on…
Descriptors: Mathematical Models, Secondary School Mathematics, Preservice Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education
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White, Chris; Marshall, Jeff C.; Alston, Danny – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
School STEM Culture--an aspect of culture within a school community--is defined as the beliefs, values, practices, and resources in STEM fields as perceived by students, parents, teachers, and administrators and counselors within a school. This study validates the STEM Culture Assessment Tool (STEM-CAT), an instrument intended to advance the use…
Descriptors: School Culture, STEM Education, Test Construction, Test Validity
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Sondergeld, Toni A.; Johnson, Carla C. – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
In response to the call for more rigorously validated educational assessments, this study used an iterative multimethod validation process to develop and validate outcomes from the 21st Century Skills Assessment global rating scale. Qualitative and quantitative data sources were used to inform four types of validity evidence: content, response…
Descriptors: 21st Century Skills, Test Construction, Test Validity, Educational Assessment
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Nixon, Ryan S.; Toerien, Rene; Luft, Julie A. – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
Despite agreement among teacher educators, scholars, and policymakers on the importance of teachers' subject matter knowledge (SMK), existing models provide limited information about the nature of this foundational component of teacher knowledge. The common assumption is that teachers need to know more about the science subject matter than their…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Secondary School Teachers
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Fisher, Molly H.; Thomas, Jonathan; Jong, Cindy; Schack, Edna O.; Dueber, David – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
This paper examines the implementation of an instructional module on preservice elementary teachers' professional noticing of children's mathematical thinking. The module focuses on professional noticing skills through the content focus of early algebraic reasoning and uses complex video vignettes from whole class instruction in authentic…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills, Elementary School Teachers
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I, Ji-Yeong – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
Implementing mathematically challenging tasks is difficult for teachers when working with emergent bilinguals because cognitively demanding tasks in mathematics commonly have high language demand. Currently, inadequate teacher preparation for teaching emergent bilinguals is becoming a significant concern in the United States as this population of…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Instruction, Difficulty Level
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Pearce, Erin; de la Fuente, Yohanis; Hartweg, Beau; Weinburgh, Molly – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
To increase the likelihood for continuous growth and improvement, professional development for high school biology teachers should include long-term, targeted instruction with an accompanying peer-coaching component. This study examined the views of biology teachers who were engaged in a two-year professional development program, which included a…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Coaching (Performance), Biology, Science Teachers
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Perkins Coppola, Matthew – School Science and Mathematics, 2019
Research indicates there is a need for teachers to experience multiple mastery experiences with engineering teaching in order to improve teaching engineering self-efficacy. To prepare future K-5 teachers to teach the engineering design process, one science methods course integrated 2-day engineering mini-units into the class meeting and…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Teaching Methods, Engineering Education, Preservice Teacher Education
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