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Jølle, Lennart; Skar, Gustaf B. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
This paper reports findings from a project called "The National Panel of Raters" (NPR) that took place within a writing test programme in Norway (2010-2016). A recent research project found individual differences between the raters in the NPR. This paper reports results from an explorative follow up-study where 63 NPR members were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Validity, Scoring, Program Descriptions
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McIntosh, James – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
This article examines whether the way that PISA models item outcomes in mathematics affects the validity of its country rankings. As an alternative to PISA methodology a two-parameter model is applied to PISA mathematics item data from Canada and Finland for the year 2012. In the estimation procedure item difficulty and dispersion parameters are…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Hopfenbeck, Therese N.; Lenkeit, Jenny; El Masri, Yasmine; Cantrell, Kate; Ryan, Jeanne; Baird, Jo-Anne – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
International large-scale assessments are on the rise, with the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) seen by many as having strategic prominence in education policy debates. The present article reviews PISA-related English-language peer-reviewed articles from the programme's first cycle in 2000 to its most current in 2015. Five…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Rutkowski, Leslie; Rutkowski, David – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over time international large-scale assessments have grown in terms of number of studies, cycles, and participating countries, many of which are a heterogeneous mix of economies, languages, cultures, and geography. This heterogeneity has meaningful consequences for comparably measuring both achievement and non-achievement constructs, such as…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Nielsen, T.; Dammeyer, J.; Vang, M. L.; Makransky, G. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Studies have reported gender differences in academic self-efficacy. However, how and if academic self-efficacy questionnaires are gender-biased has not been psychometrically investigated. The psychometric properties of a general version of The Physics Self-Efficacy Questionnaire -- the General Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (GASE) -- were analyzed…
Descriptors: Self Concept Measures, Self Efficacy, Sex Fairness, Psychometrics
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Wedman, Jonathan – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Gender fairness in testing can be impeded by the presence of differential item functioning (DIF), which potentially causes test bias. In this study, the presence and causes of gender-related DIF were investigated with real data from 800 items answered by 250,000 test takers. DIF was examined using the Mantel-Haenszel and logistic regression…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, College Entrance Examinations, Test Items, Vocabulary
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Vedul-Kjelsås, Vigdis; Stensdotter, Ann-Katrin; Sigmundsson, Hermundur – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2013
By using the Movement Assessment Battery (MABC), the present study investigated possible gender differences in several tasks of motor competence in children. The sample included 67 Norwegian sixth-grade children (Girls N?=?29; Boys?=?39). Boys' performance exceeds that of girls in ball skills and in one of the balance skills. No differences were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Physical Activities, Psychomotor Skills
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Verhelst, Norman D. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2012
When using IRT models in Educational Achievement Testing, the model is as a rule too simple to catch all the relevant dimensions in the test. It is argued that a simple model may nevertheless be useful but that it can be complemented with additional analyses. Such an analysis, called profile analysis, is proposed and applied to the reading data of…
Descriptors: Multidimensional Scaling, Profiles, Item Response Theory, Achievement Tests
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van der Schaaf, Marieke F.; Stokking, Karel M. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2011
Current international demands to strengthen the teaching profession have led to an increased development and use of professional content standards. The study aims to provide insight in the construct validity of content standards by researching experts' underlying assumptions and preferences when participating in a delphi method. In three rounds 21…
Descriptors: Expertise, Delphi Technique, Research Methodology, Construct Validity
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Hagtvet, Knut A.; Solhaug, Trond – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2005
Recent literature on parcel indicators in measurement models used in covariance structural modelling has mainly been concerned with statistical properties of parameter estimates. Less attention has been paid to measurement properties for inferring the assumed latent construct. The present study illustrates a two-facet measurement model that…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Methods, Test Items
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Olsen, Rolf Vegar – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2004
In the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) the items are organised in small clusters relating to the same stimulus material (called 'units'). Homogeneity analysis (HA) is used to develop a detailed description of the relationship between all the items in one unit, using the categorical information available in the PISA data. The…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Knowledge Level, Student Evaluation, Foreign Countries
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Kjaernsli, Marit; Lie, Svein – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2004
In this paper we have set out to search for similarities and differences between the Nordic countries concerning patterns of competencies defined as scientific literacy in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) study. The first part focuses on gender differences concerning the two types of competencies, understanding of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientific Literacy, Thinking Skills, Gender Differences
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Wester, Anita – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1995
The effect of different item formats (multiple choice and open) on gender differences in test performance was studied for the Swedish Diagrams, Tables, and Maps (DTM) test with 90 secondary school students. The change to open format resulted in no reduction in gender differences on the DTM. (SLD)
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Foreign Countries, Multiple Choice Tests, Scores
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Wedman, Ingemar; Stage, Christina – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1983
Using two specially constructed tests for synonyms and general knowledge, researchers examined the possibility of deciding which test items will produce expected sex-differentiated results by looking at test-item contents. They found stable sex differences but very limited possibilities of identifying the test items leading to those differences.…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Higher Education, Prediction, Secondary Education
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Makitalo, Asa – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 1996
A subtest of the Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test dealing with interpretation of diagrams, tables, and maps (DTM) was studied to see whether the position or other characteristics of test items affected the noted gender differences in results. Results with 116,017 students show an effect of position on gender differences. (SLD)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, College Entrance Examinations, Diagrams, Foreign Countries
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