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Šupule, Inese; Søholt, Susanne – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
Rural depopulation, decreasing numbers of children, and general centralization, combined with high expectations for education, are factors that challenge rural communities and school structures in both Latvia and Norway. The aim of this article is to compare the role of the municipality and other levels of governance in making decisions on school…
Descriptors: Rural Areas, Municipalities, Comparative Analysis, Public Officials
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Tholin, Jörgen – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
In Swedish compulsory school, students can choose to study a modern language in addition to English, i.e., French, Spanish, or German. Since 1994, instruction time for modern languages has been extended, the learning objectives have been made more attainable, and national assessment materials have been introduced. The government made these changes…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), French
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Wermke, Wieland; Forsberg, Eva – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2017
This article discusses teacher autonomy in the case of the Swedish teaching profession since the 1980s. It is argued that deregulation, decentralization, and marketization reforms of the 1990s have indeed increased teacher autonomy, but in some respects also led to a increase of complexity in the Swedish school system. In order to handle this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Professional Autonomy, Teaching (Occupation), Educational Change
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Parding, Karolina; Liljegren, Andreas – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2017
Auditing, accountability, and transparency are concepts that greatly impact the working conditions of today's public sector professionals, including teachers. Documentation requirements have been on the increase for some time, which can be seen in the education sector's Individual Development Plans (IDPs), for example. These IDPs are pedagogical…
Descriptors: Individual Development, Governance, Individualized Programs, Accountability
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Bjornsdottir, Amalia; Hansen, Borkur; Johannsson, Olafur H. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2008
The governance of basic schools (grades 1-10) in Iceland was transferred from state control to municipal control in 1995 with a new Basic School Act. This transfer was in line with the emphasis on school-based management that was stressed in the Act. This policy was criticised by many, including teachers and their union representatives. Research…
Descriptors: School Based Management, Urban Areas, Teachers, Educational Policy
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Telhaug, Alfred Oftedal; Medias, Odd Asbjorn; Aasen, Petter – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2004
The theme of this article is education as nation building in the Scandinavian countries: Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Starting with an overview of their Social Democrat parties' ascension of to near hegemony immediately following the Second World War, and these parties' impact on education, we go on to sketch the interplay between general political…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Local Government, War, Educational Policy