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Dannow, Maria Cabo; Esbjørn, Barbara Hoff; Risom, Sophie Wollny – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
School absenteeism is an understudied field, and little is known about youths' and parents' perceptions of the problem. We examined the experiences of three youths with anxiety-related school absenteeism and their parents using a qualitative phenomenological approach. Results highlight the overarching domains consisting of the contribution of…
Descriptors: Attendance, Anxiety, Parent Attitudes, Student Attitudes
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Boysen, Mikkel Snorre Wilms; Jansen, Lena Højgaard; Knage, Mathilde – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
Within both society and education, economic and social entrepreneurship is considered to be of great importance. However, there appear to exist different and contradictory principles regarding the essence of this entrepreneurship. On the one hand, entrepreneurship is associated with economical concepts like competition, individual achievement and…
Descriptors: Creativity, Entrepreneurship, Teaching Methods, Cooperative Learning
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Gabrielsen, Egil; Sabatini, John – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
This article focuses on low-performing adult readers in the Scandinavian countries, seeking to identify and describe some of the literacy-related problems that they face. Following a presentation of the Reading Components Assessment (RCA) used in PIAAC (Program for International Assessment of Adult Competencies), we provide profiles for those…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Low Achievement, Adults, Reading Skills
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Lind, Patrik; Mellander, Erik – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
We examine if the OECD survey of adult skills, PIAAC, can provide information about the relative quality of education and training in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. We find that the average population scores are inappropriate while the mean scores of natives well approximate the skills of individuals that had the chance to attend the…
Descriptors: Scores, Problem Solving, Information Technology, Immigrants
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Makransky, Guido; Wandall, Jakob; Madsen, Simon Ryberg; Hood, Michelle; Creed, Peter – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
Abundant research has pointed to the importance of non-cognitive skills for success in life. This paper describes the development and validation of the "UiL", designed to measure 19 non-cognitive skills that have been identified as being important for school children in Denmark. First, we describe the development of the scales, and then…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Test Validity, Daily Living Skills, Skill Development
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Lund, Rolf Lyneborg – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
Place of living has been associated with a variety of effects but is often considered stationary. Newer research reveals that the accumulation of deprivation conveys many of the effects that were initially thought to be captured by place of birth or current place of living; however, the view of accumulation as a static entity implies that only the…
Descriptors: Place of Residence, Educational Attainment, Educational Mobility, Disadvantaged Environment
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Albaek, Karsten; Rosdahl, Anders – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
This paper performs multivariate analysis of skill differences in four Nordic countries as assessed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies survey of adults aged 16-65. The differences in average skills between Finland and each of the three Scandinavian…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Adults, Older Adults, Young Adults
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Rasmusson, Maria; Albaek, Karsten; Lind, Patrik; Myrberg, Mats – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The present study aims at investigating the long-term cognitive effects of vocational education and training (VET) in Sweden and Denmark using data from the PIAAC Survey of Adult Skills. While Sweden has moved towards a more academic vocational education, Denmark has kept the apprenticeship system. Using multiple regression analysis we estimate…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Apprenticeships, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Blömeke, Sigrid – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The aim is to describe the development of achievement in compulsory school in the Nordic countries from the 1960s. The study relies on published results concerning literacy and numeracy from the international large-scale assessments between 1964 and 2012. Among others, the following conclusions are drawn: (1) for most countries, a small but…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Compulsory Education, Educational Development, Educational Trends
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Rutkowski, Leslie; Rutkowski, David – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over time international large-scale assessments have grown in terms of number of studies, cycles, and participating countries, many of which are a heterogeneous mix of economies, languages, cultures, and geography. This heterogeneity has meaningful consequences for comparably measuring both achievement and non-achievement constructs, such as…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Elklit, Ask; Michelsen, Liv; Murphy, Siobhan – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The association between child maltreatment (CM) and educational outcomes have been well documented. However, there is a paucity of research that explores the association between different types of maltreatment and other school problems that may affect the educational outcomes of maltreated children. This study examined the association between…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Child Abuse, Correlation, Attention
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Lytje, Martin – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
In the 1980s, Norwegian researchers pioneered efforts towards developing school support for bereaved children. Eighteen years later, a Danish approach was created based on these foundations. This article explores the Danish school bereavement response plans (b-plans) and investigates their ability to support both teachers and bereaved children.…
Descriptors: Grief, Foreign Countries, Educational History, Individual Needs
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Nielsen, T.; Dammeyer, J.; Vang, M. L.; Makransky, G. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Studies have reported gender differences in academic self-efficacy. However, how and if academic self-efficacy questionnaires are gender-biased has not been psychometrically investigated. The psychometric properties of a general version of The Physics Self-Efficacy Questionnaire -- the General Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (GASE) -- were analyzed…
Descriptors: Self Concept Measures, Self Efficacy, Sex Fairness, Psychometrics
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Sulkunen, Sari; Malin, Antero – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between reading literacy and age in an adult population aged 25 to 65 in Nordic countries using PIAAC 2012 data. More specifically, the study examined to what extent variations in the literacy proficiency of adults are explained by age and the recentness of qualifications when…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy, Age Differences, Educational Attainment
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Costa, Patrícia; Araújo, Luísa – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
This study investigates how reading achievement relates to student and school characteristics in countries with different reading scores at the fourth grade level. Data comes from the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) 2011 for Denmark, Sweden, and France and the multilevel analysis includes two levels: student/home and…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Cross Cultural Studies, School Effectiveness, Institutional Characteristics
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