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Showing 1 to 15 of 34 results Save | Export
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Mäkelä, Marja-Liisa; Kalalahti, Mira – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
This article concentrates on the transition from comprehensive school to the upper secondary level from the viewpoint of migrant background girls. Emphasis is on understanding the "bounded agency" and the ways in which gender and family background are expressed in the modalities of the agency. Previous studies show that ethnic minorities…
Descriptors: Females, Immigrants, Secondary School Students, Student Adjustment
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Saloviita, Timo – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
Positive teacher attitudes are essential for success when children with special educational needs (SEN) are placed into mainstream classrooms. The present study surveyed teachers' attitudes towards inclusion by using a large national sample and Teachers' Attitudes towards Inclusion Scale (TAIS). A total of 1,764 Finnish basic-school teachers…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Attitudes, Inclusion, Mainstreaming
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Pennanen, Matti; Heikkinen, Hannu L. T.; Tynjälä, Päivi – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
This study investigated participants' conceptions of the ideal mentor and mentee in the Finnish model of peer-group mentoring (PGM). Existing mentoring research emphasises dyadic practices, yet there is a lack of investigation of participants' roles in group mentoring. The main concepts of this inquiry were "dispositions"…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mentors, Peer Relationship, Personality Traits
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Vehkakoski, Tanja M. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
This study offers detailed observational analyses of how teachers use optimism as an instructional resource when responding to students' failure expectation displays in classroom situations. The results were based on video-recordings of 25 lessons in two Finnish part-time special education settings, analysed by means of applied conversation…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Negative Attitudes, Discourse Analysis, Positive Attitudes
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Paulsrud, David; Wermke, Wieland – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
This article presents the results from a survey investigating 708 Swedish and 1583 Finnish teachers' perceived autonomy with a focus on the teachers' perceptions of who makes the most important decisions in school. Teacher autonomy is seen as exercised at different levels; by teachers individually in the classroom or by teachers as a collective in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Decision Making, Professional Autonomy, Teacher Attitudes
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Luukka, Emilia – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
Although the number of studies on literature in language education has increased in the past two decades, the subject is still in need of empirical research. This case study examines literary texts, their selection, frequency, and functions in Finnish general upper-secondary English as a Foreign Language (EFL) education. The data was collected…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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McIntosh, James – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
This article examines whether the way that PISA models item outcomes in mathematics affects the validity of its country rankings. As an alternative to PISA methodology a two-parameter model is applied to PISA mathematics item data from Canada and Finland for the year 2012. In the estimation procedure item difficulty and dispersion parameters are…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Pietarinen, Janne; Pyhältö, Kirsi; Soini, Tiina – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
This study aims to gain a better understanding of the Finnish national curriculum reform by examining how the educational practitioners, at the district level, orchestrate the shared sense-making concerning the reform work in their school districts. Qualitative focus group data was collected from 12 groups, throughout Finland, that were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Curriculum Development, National Curriculum, School Districts
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Rutkowski, Leslie; Rutkowski, David – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over time international large-scale assessments have grown in terms of number of studies, cycles, and participating countries, many of which are a heterogeneous mix of economies, languages, cultures, and geography. This heterogeneity has meaningful consequences for comparably measuring both achievement and non-achievement constructs, such as…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Virtanen, T. E.; Lerkkanen, M.-K.; Poikkeus, A.-M.; Kuorelahti, M. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Self-ratings of behavioural engagement, cognitive engagement and school burnout were used in person-centred analyses to identify latent profiles among 2,485 Finnish lower-secondary school students. Three profiles were identified: high-engagement/low-burnout (40.6% of the sample), average-engagement/average-burnout (53.9%), and…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Burnout, Academic Achievement, Secondary School Students
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Alemanji, Aminkeng Atabong; Mafi, Boby – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
In doing antiracism education there is a risk that it can in effect reinforce the very racialisation it is supposed to fight against. This paradox becomes a formidable challenge given the ubiquity of race in contemporary ways of knowing and ways of being for both its subjects and its objects: more so in an era of "racism without race," a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Workshops, Multicultural Education, Racial Attitudes
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Sulkunen, Sari; Malin, Antero – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between reading literacy and age in an adult population aged 25 to 65 in Nordic countries using PIAAC 2012 data. More specifically, the study examined to what extent variations in the literacy proficiency of adults are explained by age and the recentness of qualifications when…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy, Age Differences, Educational Attainment
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Li, Shupin; Hietajärvi, Lauri; Palonen, Tuire; Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Hakkarainen, Kai – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2017
The purpose of the study was to assess adolescents' participation in various socio-digital activities by using a self-report questionnaire, a social networking questionnaire, and interviews. The participants (n = 253) were grade 6-9 students from a multicultural lower-secondary school in Finland. Three profiles of socio-digital participation were…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Questionnaires, Friendship, Gender Differences
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Põder, Kaire; Lauri, Triin; Veski, Andre – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2017
We indicate the size of family background effects in Sweden, Finland, and Estonia--countries that differ in both the rhetoric and extensiveness of the system-level school choice policies. Family background effect is defined as the dependence of student achievement on family background characteristics, such as parental education, income, and social…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Family Characteristics
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Ning, Bo; Van Damme, Jan; Gielen, Sarah; Vanlaar, Gudrun; Van den Noortgate, Wim – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2016
Finland and Shanghai are strong performers in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). The current study explored the similarities and differences in educational effectiveness between these 2 strong performers. To this end, 14 predictors representing student background and school process characteristics were selected from the PISA…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Achievement, Comparative Education, Instructional Effectiveness
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