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Sandberg, Gunilla; Norling, Martina – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
The aim of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of teachers' perspectives on promoting reading and writing for pupils with various linguistic backgrounds in grade 1. Focus group interviews were conducted with 17 teachers who work in preschool classes and in grade 1. The teachers' perspectives on reading and writing can be characterised as…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Teacher Attitudes, Elementary School Teachers
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Hansson, Åse; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
The aim was to investigate the effects of school mobility on achievement in compulsory school in Sweden for children in out-of-home care (OHC) and not in OHC (NOHC). Register data on background variables from four birth cohorts in the cohort-sequential longitudinal project ETF was relied upon, along with student performance on a test of cognitive…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Mobility, Academic Achievement, Foster Care
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Zambrana, Imac Maria; Ogden, Terje; Zachrisson, Henrik Daae – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
Low academic achievements are predicted by early disadvantages. Because achievement gaps typically escalate with age, early efforts to prevent future academic disadvantages are called for. The current study examines whether exposure to structured pre-academic activities in Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) play a compensatory role for the…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Child Care, Academic Achievement, Preschool Children
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Frost, Jørgen; Ottem, Ernst; Snow, Catherine E.; Hagtvet, Bente E.; Lyster, Solveig Alma Helaas; White, Claire – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2014
Two ways of measuring change are presented and compared: A conventional "change score", defined as the difference between scores before and after an interim period, and a process-oriented approach focusing on detailed analysis of conceptually defined response patterns. The validity of the two approaches was investigated. Vocabulary…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Scores, Knowledge Level, Vocabulary Development
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Drugli, May Britt; Hjemdal, Odin – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2013
The validity of the Student-Teacher Relationship Scale (STRS) was examined in a national sample of 863 Norwegian schoolchildren in grades 1-7 (aged 6-13). The original factor structure of the STRS was tested by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The CFA results did not support the original three-factor structure of the STRS. Subsequent CFA of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Student Relationship, Rating Scales, Elementary School Students
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Kempe, Camilla; Eriksson-Gustavsson, Anna-Lena; Samuelsson, Stefan – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2011
The Matthew effect is often used as a metaphor to describe a widening gap between good and poor readers over time. In this study we examined the development of individual differences in reading and cognitive functioning in children with reading difficulties and normal readers from Grades 1 to 3. Matthew effects were observed for individual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Ability, Achievement Gap, Cognitive Development
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Magi, Katrin; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena; Kikas, Eve – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2010
The aim of the present study was to investigate children's achievement goal orientations and their relations to math achievement in the primary grades. The sample consisted of 179 children who were in the 2nd and 3rd grades during the first measurement and in the 3rd and 4th grades during the second measurement. Children's self-ratings were…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Followup Studies, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Raty, Hannu; Kasanen, Kati; Kiiskinen, Johanna; Nykky, Merja; Atjonen, Paivi – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2004
The ways boys and girls (N = 119) at different grade levels rated and explained their potential for improvement in mathematics and the mother tongue were compared in order to examine their subject-specific notions of the malleability of their academic ability. The findings indicate that children perceive their potential to improve their…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis