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Hakvoort, Ilse; Larsson, Kristoffer; Lundström, Agneta – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
Scholars in the field of conflict resolution in schools theoretically argued that minor distractions and disturbances are conflicts. In the present study, we refer to them as emerging conflicts. The study has been carried out within the phenomenographic research tradition and used semi-structured interviews. We addressed the professionals -- the…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Conflict Resolution, Foreign Countries, Teacher Attitudes
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Boysen, Mikkel Snorre Wilms; Jansen, Lena Højgaard; Knage, Mathilde – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
Within both society and education, economic and social entrepreneurship is considered to be of great importance. However, there appear to exist different and contradictory principles regarding the essence of this entrepreneurship. On the one hand, entrepreneurship is associated with economical concepts like competition, individual achievement and…
Descriptors: Creativity, Entrepreneurship, Teaching Methods, Cooperative Learning
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Sandberg, Gunilla; Norling, Martina – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
The aim of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of teachers' perspectives on promoting reading and writing for pupils with various linguistic backgrounds in grade 1. Focus group interviews were conducted with 17 teachers who work in preschool classes and in grade 1. The teachers' perspectives on reading and writing can be characterised as…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Teacher Attitudes, Elementary School Teachers
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Saloviita, Timo – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
Positive teacher attitudes are essential for success when children with special educational needs (SEN) are placed into mainstream classrooms. The present study surveyed teachers' attitudes towards inclusion by using a large national sample and Teachers' Attitudes towards Inclusion Scale (TAIS). A total of 1,764 Finnish basic-school teachers…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Attitudes, Inclusion, Mainstreaming
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Jølle, Lennart; Skar, Gustaf B. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
This paper reports findings from a project called "The National Panel of Raters" (NPR) that took place within a writing test programme in Norway (2010-2016). A recent research project found individual differences between the raters in the NPR. This paper reports results from an explorative follow up-study where 63 NPR members were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Validity, Scoring, Program Descriptions
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Zambrana, Imac Maria; Ogden, Terje; Zachrisson, Henrik Daae – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
Low academic achievements are predicted by early disadvantages. Because achievement gaps typically escalate with age, early efforts to prevent future academic disadvantages are called for. The current study examines whether exposure to structured pre-academic activities in Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) play a compensatory role for the…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Child Care, Academic Achievement, Preschool Children
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Hofverberg, Anders; Winberg, Mikael – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
Achievement goal theory is one of the most widespread motivation models within education research. Strong empirical support exists for the trichotomous model, comprising mastery-approach, performance-approach, and performance-avoidance goals. However, research also indicates problems with model transferability between contexts. In this study,…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Goal Orientation, Academic Achievement, Mastery Learning
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Pennanen, Matti; Heikkinen, Hannu L. T.; Tynjälä, Päivi – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
This study investigated participants' conceptions of the ideal mentor and mentee in the Finnish model of peer-group mentoring (PGM). Existing mentoring research emphasises dyadic practices, yet there is a lack of investigation of participants' roles in group mentoring. The main concepts of this inquiry were "dispositions"…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mentors, Peer Relationship, Personality Traits
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Vehkakoski, Tanja M. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
This study offers detailed observational analyses of how teachers use optimism as an instructional resource when responding to students' failure expectation displays in classroom situations. The results were based on video-recordings of 25 lessons in two Finnish part-time special education settings, analysed by means of applied conversation…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Negative Attitudes, Discourse Analysis, Positive Attitudes
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Makransky, Guido; Wandall, Jakob; Madsen, Simon Ryberg; Hood, Michelle; Creed, Peter – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
Abundant research has pointed to the importance of non-cognitive skills for success in life. This paper describes the development and validation of the "UiL", designed to measure 19 non-cognitive skills that have been identified as being important for school children in Denmark. First, we describe the development of the scales, and then…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Test Validity, Daily Living Skills, Skill Development
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Havik, Trude; Westergård, Elsa – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2020
The current study examined the associations between students' perceptions of classroom interactions and students' emotional and behavioral engagement. Given the nested structure of the data, multilevel analyses were employed to examine these associations. A total of 1769 Norwegian fifth to tenth graders from 100 classes and 10 schools participated…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Interaction, Classroom Environment, Emotional Response
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Pongsakdi, Nonmanut; Laakkonen, Eero; Laine, Teija; Veermans, Koen; Hannula-Sormunen, Minna M.; Lehtinen, Erno – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
A Word Problem Enrichment programme (WPE) has been found to increase student word problem solving performance when facing non-routine and application problems. However, it is unknown if the WPE has an impact on student beliefs about word problem solving and how the WPE works for students with different motivation in learning mathematics. This…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction, Program Effectiveness
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Korp, Helena; Sjöberg, Lena; Thorsen, Cecilia – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
In Swedish compulsory school, individual development plans (IDPs) are mandatory for all students up to 6th grade. The purpose is to summarize and facilitate pupils' learning and tune instruction to national standards. In this study, 233 IDPs drawn up for 5th grade pupils were analyzed with focus on qualities that have been found to impact…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Quality, Grade 5, Elementary School Students
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Aadland, Katrine Nyvoll; Ommundsen, Yngvar; Anderssen, Sigmund Alfred; Brønnick, Kolbjørn Selvåg; Moe, Vegard Fusche; Resaland, Geir Kåre; Skrede, Turid; Stavnsbo, Mette; Aadland, Eivind – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a seven-month curriculum prescribed physical activity (PA) intervention (the Active Smarter Kids [ASK] intervention) on executive functions in 10-year-old Norwegian children. A linear mixed model was used to analyze data from 971-1,123 fifth grade children at 28 intervention schools and 29…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Activities, Intervention, Executive Function
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Silinskas, Gintautas; Kikas, Eve – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The present study examined the longitudinal associations between children's perceptions of parental involvement in math homework (control and support) and their math performance and motivation (task-persistent homework behavior and math self-concept). Children (n = 512) reported their perceptions concerning parental involvement in sixth-grade math…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Mathematics Instruction, Homework, Foreign Countries
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