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ERIC Number: EJ1233653
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0031-3831
Rural Municipalities and Change in Local School Structure: Comparing Room for Manoeuvre among Rural Municipalities in Latvia and Norway
Šupule, Inese; Søholt, Susanne
Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, v63 n7 p1070-1085 2019
Rural depopulation, decreasing numbers of children, and general centralization, combined with high expectations for education, are factors that challenge rural communities and school structures in both Latvia and Norway. The aim of this article is to compare the role of the municipality and other levels of governance in making decisions on school structure in rural municipalities. The research method is a multiple-case-study approach, supported by survey data. Through the lenses of multi-level governance theory, we have investigated how national frameworks such as regulations and educational expectations are affecting local decision-making. Local politicians navigate between national frameworks and local expectations in making their decisions on school reorganization and closure. We find that local stakeholders' perceptions of rural educational objectives and possibilities are embedded in their role(s) in society. Closing of schools causes conflicting pressures and dissension between different stakeholders. We find that local negotiations might generate better solutions and less-contested decisions.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Norway; Latvia