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Rosenbaum, James E.; Ahearn, Caitlin E.; Rosenbaum, Janet E. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2017
College-for-all has become the new American dream. Most high school students today express a desire to attend college, and 90 percent of on-time high school graduates enroll in higher education in the eight years following high school. Yet, degree completion rates remain low for nontraditional students--students who are older, low-income, or have…
Descriptors: College Attendance, College Graduates, Nontraditional Students, Dropout Prevention
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Chaudry, Ajay; Morrissey, Taryn; Weiland, Christina; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu – Russell Sage Foundation, 2017
Early care and education for many children in the U.S. is in crisis. The period between birth and kindergarten is a critical time for child development, and socioeconomic disparities that begin early in children's lives contribute to starkly different long-term outcomes for adults. Yet, compared to other advanced economies, high-quality child care…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Infants, Toddlers, Early Childhood Education
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Hirschman, Charles – Russell Sage Foundation, 2016
Today, over 75 percent of high school seniors aspire to graduate from college. However, only one-third of Americans hold a bachelor's degree, and college graduation rates vary significantly by race/ethnicity and parental socioeconomic status. If most young adults aspire to obtain a college degree, why are these disparities so great? In "From…
Descriptors: Race, Ethnicity, Gender Differences, Immigrants
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Espeland, Wendy Nelson; Sauder, Michael – Russell Sage Foundation, 2016
Students and the public routinely consult various published college rankings to assess the quality of colleges and universities and easily compare different schools. However, many institutions have responded to the rankings in ways that benefit neither the schools nor their students. In "Engines of Anxiety," sociologists Wendy Espeland…
Descriptors: Reputation, Periodicals, Educational Quality, Student Attitudes
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Alon, Sigal – Russell Sage Foundation, 2015
No issue in American higher education is more contentious than that of race-based affirmative action. In light of the ongoing debate around the topic and recent Supreme Court rulings, affirmative action policy may be facing further changes. As an alternative to race-based affirmative action, some analysts suggest affirmative action policies based…
Descriptors: Race, Social Class, Affirmative Action, Models
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Shedd, Carla – Russell Sage Foundation, 2015
Chicago has long struggled with racial residential segregation, high rates of poverty, and deepening class stratification, and it can be a challenging place for adolescents to grow up. "Unequal City" examines the ways in which Chicago's most vulnerable residents navigate their neighborhoods, life opportunities, and encounters with the…
Descriptors: Racial Segregation, Low Income, African American Students, Transportation
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Lee, Jennifer; Zhou, Min – Russell Sage Foundation, 2015
Asian Americans are often stereotyped as the "model minority." Their sizeable presence at elite universities and high household incomes have helped construct the narrative of Asian American "exceptionalism." While many scholars and activists characterize this as a myth, pundits claim that Asian Americans' educational attainment…
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Ethnic Stereotypes, Chinese Americans, Immigrants
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Lareau, Annette, Ed.; Goyette, Kimberly, Ed. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2014
A series of policy shifts over the past decade promises to change how Americans decide where to send their children to school. In theory, the expanded use of standardized test scores and the boom in charter schools will allow parents to evaluate their assigned neighborhood school, or move in search of a better option. But what kind of data do…
Descriptors: School Choice, Decision Making, Place of Residence, Neighborhoods
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Alexander, Karl; Entwisle, Doris; Olson, Linda – Russell Sage Foundation, 2014
West Baltimore stands out in the popular imagination as the quintessential "inner city"--gritty, run-down, and marred by drugs and gang violence. Indeed, with the collapse of manufacturing jobs in the 1970s, the area experienced a rapid onset of poverty and high unemployment, with few public resources available to alleviate economic…
Descriptors: Urban Areas, Low Income Groups, Environmental Influences, Poverty
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DiPrete, Thomas A.; Buchmann, Claudia – Russell Sage Foundation, 2013
While powerful gender inequalities remain in American society, women have made substantial gains and now largely surpass men in one crucial arena: education. Women now outperform men academically at all levels of school, and are more likely to obtain college degrees and enroll in graduate school. What accounts for this enormous reversal in the…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Sex Fairness, Educational Practices, Females
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Kalleberg, Arne L. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2013
The economic boom of the 1990s veiled a grim reality: in addition to the growing gap between rich and poor, the gap between good and bad quality jobs was also expanding. The postwar prosperity of the mid-twentieth century had enabled millions of American workers to join the middle class, but as author Arne L. Kalleberg shows, by the 1970s this…
Descriptors: Employment Patterns, Employment Potential, Economic Climate, Sociocultural Patterns
Louie, Vivian – Russell Sage Foundation, 2012
Most nineteenth and early-twentieth-century European immigrants arrived in the United States with barely more than the clothes on their backs. They performed menial jobs, spoke little English, and often faced a hostile reception. But two or more generations later, the overwhelming majority of their descendants had successfully integrated into…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Motivation, Young Adults, Parents
Duncan, Greg J., Ed.; Murnane, Richard, Ed. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2011
As the incomes of affluent and poor families have diverged over the past three decades, so too has the educational performance of their children. But how exactly do the forces of rising inequality affect the educational attainment and life chances of low-income children? In "Whither Opportunity?" a distinguished team of economists,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Community Characteristics, Neighborhoods, Behavior Problems
Smeeding, Timothy M., Ed.; Erikson, Robert, Ed.; Jantti, Markus, Ed. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2011
Americans like to believe that theirs is the land of opportunity, but the hard facts are that children born into poor families in the United States tend to stay poor and children born into wealthy families generally stay rich. Other countries have shown more success at lessening the effects of inequality on mobility--possibly by making public…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Income, Persistence, Family Characteristics
Yoshikawa, Hirokazu – Russell Sage Foundation, 2011
There are now nearly four million children born in the United States who have undocumented immigrant parents. In the current debates around immigration reform, policymakers often view immigrants as an economic or labor market problem to be solved, but the issue has a very real human dimension. Immigrant parents without legal status are raising…
Descriptors: Community Services, Low Income, Labor Legislation, Labor Market
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