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DiPrete, Thomas A.; Buchmann, Claudia – Russell Sage Foundation, 2013
While powerful gender inequalities remain in American society, women have made substantial gains and now largely surpass men in one crucial arena: education. Women now outperform men academically at all levels of school, and are more likely to obtain college degrees and enroll in graduate school. What accounts for this enormous reversal in the…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Sex Fairness, Educational Practices, Females
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Kalleberg, Arne L. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2013
The economic boom of the 1990s veiled a grim reality: in addition to the growing gap between rich and poor, the gap between good and bad quality jobs was also expanding. The postwar prosperity of the mid-twentieth century had enabled millions of American workers to join the middle class, but as author Arne L. Kalleberg shows, by the 1970s this…
Descriptors: Employment Patterns, Employment Potential, Economic Climate, Sociocultural Patterns
Louie, Vivian – Russell Sage Foundation, 2012
Most nineteenth and early-twentieth-century European immigrants arrived in the United States with barely more than the clothes on their backs. They performed menial jobs, spoke little English, and often faced a hostile reception. But two or more generations later, the overwhelming majority of their descendants had successfully integrated into…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Motivation, Young Adults, Parents
Duncan, Greg J., Ed.; Murnane, Richard, Ed. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2011
As the incomes of affluent and poor families have diverged over the past three decades, so too has the educational performance of their children. But how exactly do the forces of rising inequality affect the educational attainment and life chances of low-income children? In "Whither Opportunity?" a distinguished team of economists,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Community Characteristics, Neighborhoods, Behavior Problems
Smeeding, Timothy M., Ed.; Erikson, Robert, Ed.; Jantti, Markus, Ed. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2011
Americans like to believe that theirs is the land of opportunity, but the hard facts are that children born into poor families in the United States tend to stay poor and children born into wealthy families generally stay rich. Other countries have shown more success at lessening the effects of inequality on mobility--possibly by making public…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Income, Persistence, Family Characteristics
Yoshikawa, Hirokazu – Russell Sage Foundation, 2011
There are now nearly four million children born in the United States who have undocumented immigrant parents. In the current debates around immigration reform, policymakers often view immigrants as an economic or labor market problem to be solved, but the issue has a very real human dimension. Immigrant parents without legal status are raising…
Descriptors: Community Services, Low Income, Labor Legislation, Labor Market
McDonnell, Lorraine M. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2010
This chapter first examines how the Obama administration was able to promote its K-12 agenda using the vehicle of economic stimulus policy, and how that agenda compares with prior federal and state education policy. As a basis for explaining President Obama's policy choices, a second section discusses the ideas and political dynamics shaping his…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Change, Politics of Education, Change Strategies
White, Michael J.; Glick, Jennifer E. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2009
Can the recent influx of immigrants successfully enter the mainstream of American life, or will many of them fail to thrive and become part of a permanent underclass? "Achieving Anew" examines immigrant life in school, at work, and in communities and demonstrates that recent immigrants and their children do make substantial progress over time,…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Neighborhoods, Ethnicity, Race
Rosenbaum, James E.; Deil-Amen, Regina; Person, Ann E. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2009
Enrollment at America's community colleges has exploded in recent years, with five times as many entering students today as in 1965. However, most community college students do not graduate; many earn no credits and may leave school with no more advantages in the labor market than if they had never attended. Experts disagree over the reason for…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Community Colleges, Labor Market, Credits
Grubb, W. Norton – Russell Sage Foundation, 2009
Can money buy high-quality education? Studies find only a weak relationship between public school funding and educational outcomes. In "The Money Myth", W. Norton Grubb proposes a powerful paradigm shift in the way we think about why some schools thrive and others fail. The greatest inequalities in America's schools lie in factors other…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Teacher Salaries, Federal Legislation, Educational Finance
Attewell, Paul; Lavin, David; Domina, Thurston; Levey, Tania – Russell Sage Foundation, 2009
The steady expansion of college enrollment rates over the last generation has been heralded as a major step toward reducing chronic economic disparities. But many of the policies that broadened access to higher education--including affirmative action, open admissions, and need-based financial aid--have come under attack in recent years by critics…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Disadvantaged, Access to Education, Urban Universities
Brehm, John; Gates, Scott – Russell Sage Foundation, 2008
The mere word "bureaucracy" brings to mind images of endless lines, piles of paperwork, and frustrating battles over rules and red tape. But some bureaucracies are clearly more efficient and responsive than others. Why? In "Teaching, Tasks, and Trust", distinguished political scientists John Brehm and Scott Gates show that a good part of the…
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), Police, Job Performance, Administrative Organization
Henig, Jeffrey R. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2008
One important aim of social science research is to provide unbiased information that can help guide public policies. However, social science is often construed as politics by other means. Nowhere is the polarized nature of social science research more visible than in the heated debate over charter schools. In "Spin Cycle", noted political…
Descriptors: Evidence, Traditional Schools, Charter Schools, Social Science Research
Minow, Martha, Ed.; Shweder, Richard A., Ed.; Markus, Hazel Rose, Ed. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2008
Educators and policymakers who share the goal of equal opportunity in schools often hold differing notions of what entails a just school in multicultural America. Some emphasize the importance of integration and uniform treatment for all, while others point to the benefits of honoring cultural diversity in ways that make minority students feel at…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Muslims, Equal Education, School Choice
Dickert-Conlin, Stacy, Ed.; Rubenstein, Ross, Ed. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2007
The vast disparities in college attendance and graduation rates between students from different class backgrounds is a growing social concern. "Economic Inequality and Higher Education" investigates the connection between income inequality and unequal access to higher education, and proposes solutions that the state and federal governments and…
Descriptors: Expertise, Higher Education, Graduation Rate, College Attendance
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