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Jennie E. Brand – Russell Sage Foundation, 2023
Each year, millions of high school students consider whether to continue their schooling and attend and complete college. Despite strong evidence that a college degree yields far-reaching benefits, some critics of higher education increasingly argue that college "does not pay off" and that some students--namely, disadvantaged prospective…
Descriptors: College Attendance, College Graduates, Higher Education, Outcomes of Education
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Leah Schmalzbauer – Russell Sage Foundation, 2023
Over the past twenty years, elite colleges and universities enacted policies that reshaped the racial and class composition of their campuses, and over the past decade, Latinos' college attendance notably increased. While discussions on educational mobility often focus on its perceived benefits -- that it will ultimately lead to social and…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, Low Income Students, College Graduates, College Students
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Thurston Domina; Andrew M. Penner; Emily K. Penner – Russell Sage Foundation, 2023
We tend to view education primarily as a way to teach students skills and knowledge that they will draw upon as they move into their adult lives. However, schools do more than educate students -- they also place students into categories, such as kindergartner, English language learner, or honor roll student. In "Schooled and Sorted,"…
Descriptors: Labeling (of Persons), Social Bias, Racism, Gender Bias
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Quadlin, Natasha; Powell, Brian – Russell Sage Foundation, 2022
Americans now obtain college degrees at a higher rate than at any time in recent decades in the hopes of improving their career prospects. At the same time, the rising costs of an undergraduate education have increased dramatically, forcing students and families to take out often unmanageable levels of student debt. The cumulative amount of…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Attainment, Paying for College, Educational Finance
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Chaudry, Ajay; Morrissey, Taryn; Weiland, Christina; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu – Russell Sage Foundation, 2021
Early care and education in the United States is in crisis. The period between birth and kindergarten is a crucial time for a child's development. Yet vast racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities that begin early in children's lives contribute to starkly different long-term outcomes for adults. Compared to other advanced economies, child…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, Preschool Children, Child Development
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Cooper, Harris, Ed.; Hedges, Larry V., Ed.; Valentine, Jeffrey C., Ed. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2019
Research synthesis is the practice of systematically distilling and integrating data from many studies in order to draw more reliable conclusions about a given research issue. When the first edition of "The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis" was published in 1994, it quickly became the definitive reference for conducting…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Synthesis, Meta Analysis, Data Analysis
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Rosenbaum, James E.; Ahearn, Caitlin E.; Rosenbaum, Janet E. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2017
College-for-all has become the new American dream. Most high school students today express a desire to attend college, and 90 percent of on-time high school graduates enroll in higher education in the eight years following high school. Yet, degree completion rates remain low for nontraditional students--students who are older, low-income, or have…
Descriptors: College Attendance, College Graduates, Nontraditional Students, Dropout Prevention
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Chaudry, Ajay; Morrissey, Taryn; Weiland, Christina; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu – Russell Sage Foundation, 2017
Early care and education for many children in the U.S. is in crisis. The period between birth and kindergarten is a critical time for child development, and socioeconomic disparities that begin early in children's lives contribute to starkly different long-term outcomes for adults. Yet, compared to other advanced economies, high-quality child care…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Infants, Toddlers, Early Childhood Education
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Hirschman, Charles – Russell Sage Foundation, 2016
Today, over 75 percent of high school seniors aspire to graduate from college. However, only one-third of Americans hold a bachelor's degree, and college graduation rates vary significantly by race/ethnicity and parental socioeconomic status. If most young adults aspire to obtain a college degree, why are these disparities so great? In "From…
Descriptors: Race, Ethnicity, Gender Differences, Immigrants
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Espeland, Wendy Nelson; Sauder, Michael – Russell Sage Foundation, 2016
Students and the public routinely consult various published college rankings to assess the quality of colleges and universities and easily compare different schools. However, many institutions have responded to the rankings in ways that benefit neither the schools nor their students. In "Engines of Anxiety," sociologists Wendy Espeland…
Descriptors: Reputation, Periodicals, Educational Quality, Student Attitudes
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Alon, Sigal – Russell Sage Foundation, 2015
No issue in American higher education is more contentious than that of race-based affirmative action. In light of the ongoing debate around the topic and recent Supreme Court rulings, affirmative action policy may be facing further changes. As an alternative to race-based affirmative action, some analysts suggest affirmative action policies based…
Descriptors: Race, Social Class, Affirmative Action, Models
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Shedd, Carla – Russell Sage Foundation, 2015
Chicago has long struggled with racial residential segregation, high rates of poverty, and deepening class stratification, and it can be a challenging place for adolescents to grow up. "Unequal City" examines the ways in which Chicago's most vulnerable residents navigate their neighborhoods, life opportunities, and encounters with the…
Descriptors: Racial Segregation, Low Income, African American Students, Transportation
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Lee, Jennifer; Zhou, Min – Russell Sage Foundation, 2015
Asian Americans are often stereotyped as the "model minority." Their sizeable presence at elite universities and high household incomes have helped construct the narrative of Asian American "exceptionalism." While many scholars and activists characterize this as a myth, pundits claim that Asian Americans' educational attainment…
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Ethnic Stereotypes, Chinese Americans, Immigrants
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Lareau, Annette, Ed.; Goyette, Kimberly, Ed. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2014
A series of policy shifts over the past decade promises to change how Americans decide where to send their children to school. In theory, the expanded use of standardized test scores and the boom in charter schools will allow parents to evaluate their assigned neighborhood school, or move in search of a better option. But what kind of data do…
Descriptors: School Choice, Decision Making, Place of Residence, Neighborhoods
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Alexander, Karl; Entwisle, Doris; Olson, Linda – Russell Sage Foundation, 2014
West Baltimore stands out in the popular imagination as the quintessential "inner city"--gritty, run-down, and marred by drugs and gang violence. Indeed, with the collapse of manufacturing jobs in the 1970s, the area experienced a rapid onset of poverty and high unemployment, with few public resources available to alleviate economic…
Descriptors: Urban Areas, Low Income Groups, Environmental Influences, Poverty
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