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Harper, Shaun R. – Review of Research in Education, 2013
The aims of this article are twofold: (a) to review an extensive body of research that focuses almost exclusively on racial problems Black students face at predominantly White institutions (PWIs) and (b) to provide insights into how Black students manage to productively navigate racist college and university environments. Hardly anything has been…
Descriptors: African American Students, Undergraduate Students, Socialization, Racial Factors
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Howard, Tyrone C. – Review of Research in Education, 2013
A close examination of a number of political, social, and economic indicators reveals the ongoing challenges of what it means to be Black and male in the United States. Many of these challenges begin at birth and persist over time. The complex, yet complicated picture of life for Black males in the United States remains a topic of study and…
Descriptors: African Americans, Males, Reputation, Social Problems
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Leander, Kevin M.; Phillips, Nathan C.; Taylor, Katherine Headrick – Review of Research in Education, 2010
Writing on contemporary culture and social life, sociologists and cultural theorists have been describing new or changing forms of movement, variously described as cultural "flows," "liquid life," or a "networked society." The change in such movements or mobilities of people, media, material goods, and other social phenomena, including the reach…
Descriptors: Social Life, Social Networks, Discourse Analysis, Educational Research
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Lucas, Samuel R.; Beresford, Lauren – Review of Research in Education, 2010
Education names and classifies individuals. This result seems unavoidable. For example, some students will graduate, and some will not. Those who graduate will be "graduates"; those who do not graduate will be labeled otherwise. The only way to avoid such labeling is to fail to make distinctions of any kind. Yet education is rife with…
Descriptors: Social Science Research, Equal Education, Outcomes of Education, Inferences
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Wiseman, Alexander W. – Review of Research in Education, 2010
In the past 150 years, educational systems have expanded and become integrally linked with economic, political, and social status in modern nation-states. As the stakes for education have risen, so has the call for more and improved use of scientific evidence as a basis for educational policymaking. Evidence from averaged scores on international…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, Foreign Countries, Educational Policy
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Ladwig, James G. – Review of Research in Education, 2010
This chapter attempts to survey contemporary debates and research on outcomes of schooling that have been grouped together under the convenient label "nonacademic". This is not an affirmative labeling. As the nomenclature indicates, it is not a label that groups together things that share like properties. Rather, this is a label of…
Descriptors: Multicultural Education, Environmental Education, Democracy, Civics
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Jordan, Will J. – Review of Research in Education, 2010
Defining equity within the context of a diverse, multiracial, multiethnic, multilingual, and multicultural society, and one where social class strongly influences one's life chances is problematic. This chapter reexamines equity in an attempt to advance the discourse beyond the debate about strategies to close the achievement gap between White…
Descriptors: Social Class, Equal Education, Federal Legislation, Academic Achievement
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Sunderman, Gail L. – Review of Research in Education, 2010
This chapter is organized as follows. The first section examines the evolving state and federal role in education and the implications of an expanded federal role on the structure of the educational system. It pays particular attention to how the debate on the causes and solutions to school reform has shifted and the impact this has had on school…
Descriptors: Privatization, Civil Rights, Federal Legislation, Educational Finance
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Wiliam, Dylan – Review of Research in Education, 2010
The idea that validity should be considered a property of inferences, rather than of assessments, has developed slowly over the past century. In early writings about the validity of educational assessments, validity was defined as a property of an assessment. The most common definition was that an assessment was valid to the extent that it…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Validity, Inferences, Construct Validity
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Little, Judith Warren; Bartlett, Lora – Review of Research in Education, 2010
In this chapter, the authors examine developments in the teacher workforce and in the occupation of teaching across recent generations. They take their point of departure from the perspective of prevailing policy discourse on enduring problems of educational equity, asking not only how teaching has evolved in recent decades but more specifically…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Educational Opportunities, Teaching Methods
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McDermott, Ray; Raley, Jason D.; Seyer-Ochi, Ingrid – Review of Research in Education, 2009
Studies of race, class, and educational risk often proceed in an established but misleading order: First, race is defined as a trait given at birth and turned into trouble by prejudice and unequal conditions; then, class is defined as traits socialized into children with diminished socioeconomic opportunities; finally, risk is treated as the…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Politics of Education, Race, Social Class
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Southerland, Sherry A.; Smith, Leigh K.; Sowell, Scott P.; Kittleson, Julie M. – Review of Research in Education, 2007
This article explains the apparent failure to communicate between science education researchers, policy makers, and staff at state and district offices of education. Each group is a stakeholder in K-12 education. Policy makers specify courses of action to meet the needs of an educational system, state and district staff work to implement these…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Policy Formation, Legislators, School Districts
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Artiles, Alfredo J.; Kozleski, Elizabeth B.; Dorn, Sherman; Christensen, Carol – Review of Research in Education, 2006
Inclusive education is a highly visible yet contentious notion in contemporary education reform because of conceptual, historical and pragmatic reasons. The purpose of this chapter is to examine and expand the evidence on inclusive education, with particular attention to the views of learning that inform this work. The first challenge was to work…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Learning Theories, Educational Change, Inclusive Schools
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Moss, Pamela A.; Girard, Brian J.; Haniford, Laura C. – Review of Research in Education, 2006
In this chapter, the authors review three distinct theoretical discourses--educational measurement, hermeneutics, and sociocultural studies--to support the development of validity theory for the routine use of assessment by professionals working in complex, dynamic, and always partially unique educational environments. They review validity…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Teaching Methods, Program Effectiveness, Measurement Techniques
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Parker, Laurence – Review of Research in Education, 2005
Passed by the U.S. Congress in the spring of 1965 as part of President Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was one of the most significant and expansive education policy initiatives ever undertaken by the federal government. The main component of the act, Title I, allocated significant resources to…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Change, Public Education