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Barnette, J. Jackson; Gorham, Keith – Research in the Schools, 1999
Assessed the use and perceptions of techniques used to evaluate graduates of National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education accredited institutions through a survey completed by 107 deans/directors of education at such institutions. Findings identify the five most highly rated methods and show the use of mostly traditional, but some…
Descriptors: Administrators, Evaluation Methods, Schools of Education, Student Evaluation
Engec, Necati – Research in the Schools, 1999
Studied the impact of aberrant response behaviors, such as guessing, sleeping, and cheating, on ability parameter estimates in the Rasch model. Results from a mathematics test administered to 5,200 fourth and sixth graders indicate that the invariance properties of the Rasch model ability estimates increase when person-fit statistics are larger…
Descriptors: Ability, Elementary School Students, Estimation (Mathematics), Goodness of Fit
Kieffer, Kevin M. – Research in the Schools, 1999
Explains confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis using a small heuristic data set that allows readers to grasp the conceptual underpinnings of each method. Discusses analytic tradition in both forms of analysis by examining recently published examples of each. (SLD)
Descriptors: Heuristics, Research Methodology, Statistical Analysis
Nix, Thomas W.; Barnette, J. Jackson – Research in the Schools, 1998
Reviews null hypothesis statistical significance testing (NHST) in its historical context and concludes that workable alternatives to NHST are available. Among suggested alternatives, effect magnitude measures, replication techniques, and meta-analytic techniques are discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Effect Size, Hypothesis Testing, Meta Analysis
Daniel, Larry G. – Research in the Schools, 1998
Offers a framework for remedying some of the problems associated with the use of statistical significance tests through modifying journal editorial policies. Reviews examples from some journals that have established guidelines for reporting results of statistical significance tests. (SLD)
Descriptors: Editing, Educational Research, Guides, Hypothesis Testing
Knapp, Thomas R. – Research in the Schools, 1998
Expresses a "middle-of-the-road" position on statistical significance testing, suggesting that it has its place but that confidence intervals are generally more useful. Identifies 10 errors of omission or commission in the papers reviewed that weaken the positions taken in their discussions. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Hypothesis Testing, Research Methodology, Statistical Significance
Daniel, Larry G. – Research in the Schools, 1998
Considers reviews of L. Daniels's article on editorial policy regarding statistical significance testing and concludes that the controversy is not over, although the gradual movement toward requiring additional information in the reporting of statistical results is viewed as a positive trend. (SLD)
Descriptors: Editing, Educational Research, Effect Size, Hypothesis Testing
Bramlett, Ronald K.; Rowell, R. Kevin; Mandenberg, Kristi – Research in the Schools, 2000
Compared the Parenting Stress Index (R. Abidon, 1990), the Behavior Assessment System for Children (C. Reynolds and R. Kamphaus, 1992), and an informal letter/number probe as predictors of first grade reading and mathematics achievement for 92 children early in the kindergarten year. Results show that number and letter recognition were the best…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, Emergent Literacy, Grade 1
Dickson, Betty L.; Pinchback, Carolyn L.; Kennedy, Robert L. – Research in the Schools, 2000
Collected Stanford Achievement Test, Eighth Edition scores for 560 elementary school students in a mid-southern urban school district, two-thirds of whom were black, and half of whom were magnet school participants. Findings show statistically significant differences for magnet/nonmagnet and black/white groups. Adjusted posttest scores of black…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Black Students, Effect Size
Smith, James P.; Cage. Bob N. – Research in the Schools, 2000
Studied the effects of 120 hours of chess instruction on the mathematics achievement of southern, rural, black secondary students. Analysis of covariance results show the treatment group (11 females, 9 males) scored significantly higher than the control group (10 females, 10 males) in mathematics achievement. Discusses results in terms of altering…
Descriptors: Black Students, Games, High School Students, High Schools
Smith, Teresa; Smith, Billy L.; Bramlett, Ronald K.; Hicks, Nancy – Research in the Schools, 2000
Studied the stability of scores on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Third Edition (WISC-III) over a 3-year period for 54 rural school students with learning disabilities. Mean full scale IQ scores did not change significantly between the measurement periods, but 20% of students showed significant change, and 33% of the sample showed…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Intelligence Quotient, Intelligence Tests
Minchew, Sue S.; Amos, Neil G. – Research in the Schools, 2000
Studied whether cooperative editing would significantly decrease the mean number of major (nonstandard) grammar errors on papers written by college freshmen in remedial composition courses. Four classes (79 students) were divided into control and treatment groups, with the treatment groups using researcher-developed cooperative editing exercises.…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Cooperative Learning, Editing, Grammar
Gilbert, Michael B. – Research in the Schools, 2000
Examined and analyzed critical features concerning school district size in Arkansas: standardized test scores, per-pupil expenditures, remediation rates, and students eligible for free and reduced-price meals. Data from a variety of sources do not reveal functional relationships between school district size and these variables. (SLD)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Expenditure per Student, Low Income Groups
Reeves, Edward B. – Research in the Schools, 2000
Studied whether high-stakes accountability measures are fair to all school systems despite disparities of wealth, community mores, and geographic location using data from Kentucky school districts including grade-level accountability data. Results help alleviate concerns about bias when using within-district gains to decide accountability, but…
Descriptors: Accountability, Context Effect, Elementary Secondary Education, Geographic Regions
Newbill, Sharon L.; Clements, Andrea – Research in the Schools, 2000
Studied the identity of minority third graders through their autobiographies. Findings based on 188 autobiographies from 8 urban elementary schools show a pattern of responses that crosscut psychological constructs, gender, and race. Discusses changes needed in school culture to facilitate the development of well-adjusted children. (SLD)
Descriptors: Autobiographies, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Identification (Psychology)
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