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Showing 961 to 975 of 1,036 results Save | Export
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So, Winnie Wing-mui – Research in Science Education, 1997
Uses a qualitative approach to uncover a teacher's thinking process during planning and to depict a more holistic view of the structural complexity of teacher cognition during lesson planning. Findings indicate differences between specialized science teachers and general teachers in the levels of structural complexity in their thinking process.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Planning
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Song, Jinwoong; And Others – Research in Science Education, 1997
Investigates students' (N=736) conceptions of inertia and compares these conceptions with historical changes in the concept. Findings indicate considerable similarities as well as dissimilarities between students' conceptions and the views of past scientists. Contains 31 references. (Author/JRH)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Misconceptions, Physics, Science Education
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Fleer, Marilyn – Research in Science Education, 1997
Reports on a pilot study which sought to find out what 4- to 8-year-old rural Australian Aboriginal children think about night and day. Findings indicate more variations in thinking than were found in earlier research. Raises questions about the framing of cross-cultural research and the realization of indigenous data. Contains 40 references.…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries
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Zoller, Uri; Tsaparlis, Georgios – Research in Science Education, 1997
Explores student performance in chemistry examinations on items that require higher-order cognitive skills (HOCS) or lower-order cognitive skills (LOCS). Findings indicate that students performed considerably lower on questions requiring HOCS than on those requiring LOCS. Performance on questions requiring HOCS may not correlate with that on…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Chemistry, Cognitive Ability, Evaluation
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Toh, Kok-Aun; And Others – Research in Science Education, 1997
Investigates students' (N=277) performance and the effects of pre-training on tasks rated high in ambiguity, in particular those where the solution to the tasks cannot be arrived at through predictable algorithms. Findings show pre-training to be a significant factor in improving students' ability to plan and carry out open-ended investigations.…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Inquiry
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Smith, Robin G. – Research in Science Education, 1997
Investigates student teachers' understanding of science and their ability to learn what was needed when it was required for teaching purposes. Findings indicate that half the students were able to prepare themselves adequately through independent research with guidance although their initial background knowledge of science was weak. Discusses…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Elementary School Teachers, Higher Education, Knowledge Base for Teaching
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Harlen, Wynne – Research in Science Education, 1997
Research into primary teachers' understanding of concepts in science and technology provided information on teachers' confidence in teaching science, their understanding of a range of key ideas, and their own educational background in science. Teachers expressed low confidence in teaching science but also claimed not to find great difficulty in…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Foreign Countries, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Primary Education
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Duit, Reinders; Komorek, Michael; Wilbers, Jens – Research in Science Education, 1997
Critically analyzes the core ideas of chaos theory to determine whether they are worth teaching and explores the accessibility of these ideas for students. The studies are embedded in a Model of Educational Reconstruction which seeks to bring science content structure concerns and educational concerns into balance and interaction with one another.…
Descriptors: Chaos Theory, Constructivism (Learning), Curriculum Development, Curriculum Evaluation
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Tiberghien, Andree – Research in Science Education, 1997
Discusses the articulation between teaching and learning, how to differentiate them, and how to establish relations between them as it pertains to aspects of knowledge. Aims to develop teaching situations more relevant to learning. Teaching is associated with knowledge to be taught, knowledge sequencing, and teaching situations. Learning is…
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Educational Change, Epistemology, Foreign Countries
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Welzel, Manuela – Research in Science Education, 1997
Presents results from empirical studies of physics learning for different age groups using a situated cognition perspective to construct detailed understandings of how individual learning processes unfold. Contains 35 references. (PVD)
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Curriculum Research, Educational Change, Epistemology
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Nott, Mick; Wellington, Jerry – Research in Science Education, 1997
Reports on studies that examine reasons and justifications trainee science teachers give for the ways they conduct practical work. A case for the reevaluation of practical work in science education is made and it is argued that science teacher behavior is best understood anthropologically. Implications for mentoring and school-based training are…
Descriptors: Demonstrations (Science), Educational Anthropology, Foreign Countries, Fraud
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Fischer, Hans Ernst; Horstendahl, Michaela – Research in Science Education, 1997
Beneath elements of cognitive development, motivation is seen as a basic concept to describe students' learning in a physics classroom. German secondary school students regard physics as difficult to learn, very abstract, and dominated by males. Knowing about the influence of motivation on learning physics may lead to new insights in the design of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Educational Environment, Foreign Countries, Instructional Innovation
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Kuhnelt, Helmut; Stadler, Helga – Research in Science Education, 1997
Describes an inservice training course for science teachers that is based on the view that most issues of classroom practice are issues of pedagogy, methodology, and subject knowledge. Teachers selected issues of direct concern to their daily work, performed research by methods of action research, analyzed their findings, took appropriate action,…
Descriptors: Action Research, Foreign Countries, Inservice Teacher Education, Mentors
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Barbas, A.; Psillos, D. – Research in Science Education, 1997
Research on students' causal reasoning was used to design a sequence for teaching electricity. Students' responses suggest that several students, when they construct microscopic mechanisms to explain electrical phenomena, may envision transient states and employ a specific type of causal chain--the iterative one--in addition to simple and linear…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Curriculum Development, Electricity, Epistemology
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Murphy, Patricia; McCormick, Robert – Research in Science Education, 1997
Explores different curricular emphases in processes and content which reflect different goals and educational research traditions. Problem solving remains neglected in both areas. Draws on situated learning and social constructivist literature to provide insights into problem solving in technology education. Contains 54 references. (Author/PVD)
Descriptors: Course Content, Curriculum Evaluation, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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