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Koyunlu Ünlü, Zeynep; Dökme, Ilbilge – Research in Science Education, 2020
According to a report by the Turkish Industry and Business Association, Turkey will need approximately 1 million individuals to be employed in Science Technology Engineering Mathematics (STEM) fields by 2023, and 31% of this requirement will not be met. For continuous economic development, there is a need to integrate STEM into education in…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Science Careers, Vocational Interests, Foreign Countries
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Ryoo, Ji Hoon; Tai, Robert H.; Skeeles-Worley, Angela D. – Research in Science Education, 2020
In longitudinal studies, measurement invariance is required to conduct substantive comparisons over time or across groups. In this study, we examined measurement invariance on a recently developed instrument capturing student preferences for seven instructional strategies related to science learning and career interest. We have labeled these seven…
Descriptors: Guidelines, Longitudinal Studies, Comparative Analysis, Error of Measurement
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Opitz, S. T.; Neumann, K.; Bernholt, S.; Harms, U. – Research in Science Education, 2019
Energy is considered both as a disciplinary core idea and as a concept cutting across science disciplines. Most previous approaches studied progressing energy understanding in specific disciplinary contexts, while disregarding the relation of understanding across them. Hence, this study provides a systematic analysis of cross-disciplinary energy…
Descriptors: Energy, Scientific Concepts, Biology, Chemistry
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Gulacar, Ozcan; Sinan, Olcay; Bowman, Charles R.; Yildirim, Yetkin – Research in Science Education, 2015
A study is presented that explores how students' knowledge structures, as related to the scientific method, compare at different student ages. A word association test comprised of ten total stimulus words, among them "experiment," "science fair," and "hypothesis," is used to probe the students' knowledge structures.…
Descriptors: Scientific Methodology, Science Education, Word Lists, Stimuli
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Kier, Meredith W.; Blanchard, Margaret R.; Osborne, Jason W.; Albert, Jennifer L. – Research in Science Education, 2014
Internationally, efforts to increase student interest in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers have been on the rise. It is often the goal of such efforts that increased interest in STEM careers should stimulate economic growth and enhance innovation. Scientific and educational organizations recommend that efforts to…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8
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Vijapurkar, Jyotsna; Kawalkar, Aisha; Nambiar, Priya – Research in Science Education, 2014
In our explorations of students' concepts in an inquiry science classroom with grade 6 students from urban schools in India, we uncovered a variety of problems in their understanding of biological cells as structural and functional units of living organisms. In particular, we found not only that they visualised the cell as a two-dimensional (2-D)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cytology, Urban Schools, Inquiry