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Ludwig, Tobias; Priemer, Burkhard; Lewalter, Doris – Research in Science Education, 2021
Justifications play a central role in argumentation, which is a core topic in school science education. This paper contributes to this field of research by presenting two studies in which we assess students' justifications for supporting or rejecting hypotheses in the physics lab based on self-collected, anomalous experimental data, which are…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Science Process Skills, Hypothesis Testing, Physics
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Safadi, Rafi'; Saadi, Sheren – Research in Science Education, 2021
Self-diagnosis activities require students to self-diagnose their solutions to problems they solved on their own by detecting and explaining their errors. Worked examples, a step-by-step demonstration of how to solve a problem, are often used to support students in self-diagnosis activities. However, studies indicate that students often fail to…
Descriptors: Self Evaluation (Individuals), Student Evaluation, Problem Solving, High School Students
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Lie, Richard; Aranda, Maurina L.; Guzey, S. Selcen; Moore, Tamara J. – Research in Science Education, 2021
Recent reforms in science education have supported the inclusion of engineering and their practices in K-12 curricula. To this end, many classrooms have incorporated engineering units that include design challenges. Design is an integral part of engineering and can help students think in creative and interdisciplinary ways. In this study, we…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Engineering, Design, Science Curriculum
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Wan, Zhi Hong – Research in Science Education, 2021
Students' attitudes towards science is a long-standing topic in science education. Among various sub-constructs of attitudes towards science, students' motives for learning science and their self-efficacy in science learning may be the most frequently studied. Drawing from the expectancy-value theory (EVT), this study explored the extent to which…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Self Efficacy, Science Achievement, Expectation
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Skamp, Keith; Boyes, Eddie; Stanisstreet, Martin; Rodriguez, Manuel; Malandrakis, George; Fortner, Rosanne; Kilinc, Ahmet; Taylor, Neil; Choker, Kiran; Shweta, Dua; Ambusaidi, Abdullah; Cheong, Irene; Kim, Mijung; Yoon, Hye-Gyoung – Research in Science Education, 2021
Voting for various pro-environmental governmental policies is an indirect, but potentially effective, action that citizens can take to reduce global warming (GW) and climate change. Supporting further environmental education is an additional action. This study reports students' beliefs about the effectiveness of these indirect actions in reducing…
Descriptors: Voting, Climate, International Studies, Social Change
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Zudaire, Isabel; Napal Fraile, María – Research in Science Education, 2021
Rapidly occurring advancements in molecular genetics, such as recent developments in epigenetics, are challenging traditional genetics as it is taught at schools. For example, the adoption of epigenetics--which provides molecular mechanisms for the environment to directly alter phenotypic variation--would mean that pivotal tenets in genetics…
Descriptors: Genetics, Secondary School Science, Secondary School Students, Grade 12
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Šimunovic, Mara; Babarovic, Toni – Research in Science Education, 2021
The shortage of STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) professionals worldwide calls for research to identify social forces that can foster student career interest in this domain. In this study, we examined the underlying structure of middle school student STEM career interest and the role of their parents' STEM-specific…
Descriptors: Parent Role, Social Behavior, STEM Education, Vocational Interests
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Chusinkunawut, Krislada; Henderson, Charles; Nugultham, Kulthida; Wannagatesiri, Tussatrin; Fakcharoenphol, Witat – Research in Science Education, 2021
Incorporating design in science programs has been shown to enhance science understanding, practices, and problem-solving skills. However, instructors and students typically struggle with fostering effective communication within a design-based course. With better communication scaffolding, students would learn more content and also become better at…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Secondary School Students, Grade 9, Communication Skills
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Strømme, Torunn Aa.; Mork, Sonja M. – Research in Science Education, 2021
This paper analyses students' conceptual sense-making of two representations of protein synthesis: animations and static visualizations. Even though several studies have focused on the effect of animations versus static visualizations or support aspects that enable students to effectively benefit from animations, existing research has not yet…
Descriptors: Animation, Science Instruction, Units of Study, Visualization
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Yun, Eunjeong – Research in Science Education, 2021
Poor comprehension of specialised terminology presents a significant obstacle that impedes students' ability to learn science. The present study examined the influences of scientific terminology comprehension on students' cognitive processes during science-text reading. We used eye-tracking tests to examine science-text reading behaviours among…
Descriptors: Reading Processes, Reading Skills, Vocabulary, Science Materials
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Eliyahu, Einat Ben; Assaraf, Orit Ben Zvi; Lederman, Judith S. – Research in Science Education, 2021
Understanding the nature of science and scientific inquiry constitute foundation stones in scientific education in general and in scientific literacy in particular. Therefore, students must develop informed perceptions regarding science inquiry in order to be scientifically literate. The current study's purpose was to examine students' perceptions…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Science Instruction, Foreign Countries, Middle School Students
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Gregorcic, Bor; Haglund, Jesper – Research in Science Education, 2021
We present and analyze video data of upper secondary school students' engagement with a computer-supported collaborative learning environment that enables them to explore astronomical phenomena (Keplerian motion). The students' activities have an immersive and exploratory character, as students engage in open-ended inquiry and interact physically…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Secondary School Science, Astronomy, Cooperative Learning
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McHugh, Luisa; Kelly, Angela M.; Fisher, Jacqueline Horan; Burghardt, M. David – Research in Science Education, 2021
This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Mathematics Infusion into Science Project (MiSP), which integrated science and mathematics in an engaging middle school science curriculum that fostered improvements in science content knowledge, higher-level problem solving, and affective domains related to mathematics. The project design was based…
Descriptors: Graphs, Mathematics Skills, Middle School Students, Science Process Skills
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Bae, Christine L.; DeBusk-Lane, Morgan; Hayes, Kathryn N.; Zhang, Fa – Research in Science Education, 2021
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a survey of opportunities to participate (OtP) in science that will allow educators and researchers to closely approximate the types of learning opportunities students have in science classrooms. Additionally, we examined whether and how opportunity gaps in science learning may exist across…
Descriptors: Science Education, Socioeconomic Status, Longitudinal Studies, Educational Opportunities
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Yerdelen-Damar, Sevda; Eryilmaz, Ali – Research in Science Education, 2021
This study investigated the effect of the metacognitive instruction in which students' epistemic cognitions were explicitly addressed, on tenth-grade students' conceptual understandings regarding force and motion. The participants of the study included 107 (49 female, 58 male) tenth-grade students at two public high schools. A quasi-experimental…
Descriptors: High School Students, Grade 10, Metacognition, Epistemology
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