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Martin, Anita; Park, Soonhye; Hand, Brian – Research in Science Education, 2019
This qualitative case study examined the process of change in an experienced elementary teacher's belief structure during implementation of an inquiry-based science program. Difficulties generally associated with ascertaining beliefs were minimized by using Leatham's ("Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education," "9," 91-102…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Beliefs, Elementary School Teachers, Inquiry
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Villanueva, Mary Grace; Hand, Brian; Shelley, Mack; Therrien, William – Research in Science Education, 2019
Various inquiry approaches have been promoted in science classrooms as a way for students to engage in, and have a deeper understanding of scientific discourse. However, there is a paucity of empirical evidence to suggest how children's actions and engagement in these approaches, or "practical epistemologies" (Sandoval, Science Education…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Science Instruction, Surveys, Learner Engagement
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Chen, Ying-Chih; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori – Research in Science Education, 2017
The purpose of this study was to investigate the various roles that early elementary teachers adopt when questioning, to scaffold dialogic interaction and students' cognitive responses for argumentative practices over time. Teacher questioning is a pivotal contributing factor that shapes the role teachers play in promoting dialogic interaction in…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Role, Questioning Techniques, Elementary School Science
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Jang, Jeong-yoon; Hand, Brian – Research in Science Education, 2017
This study investigated the value of using a scaffolded critique framework to promote two different types of writing--argumentative writing and explanatory writing--with different purposes within an argument-based inquiry approach known as the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) approach. A quasi-experimental design with sixth and seventh grade…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Persuasive Discourse, Writing Assignments
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Hand, Brian; Cavagnetto, Andy; Chen, Ying-Chih; Park, Soonhye – Research in Science Education, 2016
Given current concerns internationally about student performance in science and the need to shift how science is being learnt in schools, as a community, we need to shift how we approach the issue of learning and teaching in science. In the future, we are going to have to close the gap between how students construct and engage with knowledge in a…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Science Instruction, Educational Methods, Classroom Environment
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Choi, Aeran; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori – Research in Science Education, 2014
This study examined the extent to which fifth-grade students participate in online argumentation and the argument patterns they produced about the inquiry-based investigations completed using the Science Writing Heuristic approach in their science classes. One hundred twenty-nine students from five classes of two teachers in a Midwestern public…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Elementary School Science, Elementary School Students, Grade 5
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Choi, Aeran; Hand, Brian; Greenbowe, Thomas – Research in Science Education, 2013
This study aimed to examine the written arguments developed by college freshman students using the Science Writing Heuristic approach in inquiry-based general chemistry laboratory classrooms and its relationships with students' achievement in chemistry courses. Fourteen freshman students participated in the first year of the study while 19…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Writing Assignments, College Freshmen, Heuristics
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Cavagnetto, Andy R.; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori – Research in Science Education, 2011
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of two strategies for negotiating the question for exploration during science inquiry on student achievement and teachers' perceptions. The study is set in the context of the Science Writing Heuristic. The first strategy (small group) consisted of each group of four students negotiating a question…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Teaching Methods, Inquiry, Science Instruction
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Choi, Aeran; Notebaert, Andrew; Diaz, Juan; Hand, Brian – Research in Science Education, 2010
A critical component of science is the role of inquiry and argument in moving scientific knowledge forward. However, while students are expected to engage in inquiry activities in science classrooms, there is not always a similar emphasis on the role of argument within the inquiry activities. Building from previous studies on the Science Writing…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Secondary School Science, Inquiry, Science Instruction
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Hand, Brian; Choi, Aeran – Research in Science Education, 2010
This study was designed to examine students' use of multiple modal representations within their written arguments as a consequence of completing a series of investigations of an organic chemistry laboratory course. One hundred and eleven students from a major Midwestern university were involved in using the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) approach…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, Science Laboratories, College Science, College Students
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Martin, Anita M.; Hand, Brian – Research in Science Education, 2009
This longitudinal case study describes the factors that affect an experienced teacher's attempt to shift her pedagogical practices in order to implement embedded elements of argument into her science classroom. Research data was accumulated over 2 years through video recordings of science classes. The Reformed Teacher Observation Protocol (RTOP)…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Teaching Styles, Observation, Instructional Innovation
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Hand, Brian; Prain, Vaughan; Wallace, Carolyn – Research in Science Education, 2002
Reports on two inter-related studies that examined the use of non-traditional writing strategies within secondary school science classrooms. The first study involved Year 10 students who incorporated one letter writing experience into the learning sequence when studying genetics. The second study was with Year 9 students who used both a…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Science Education, Secondary Education, Teaching Methods
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Hand, Brian; Peterson, Ray – Research in Science Education, 1995
Used a constructivist teaching/learning approach to improve first year preservice primary teachers' confidence in, and attitude to, teaching science. Benefits reported were ownership of knowledge, development of pedagogic skills, and the use of group work to develop ideas. Concerns raised included uncertainty when exploring knowledge for…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Constructivism (Learning), Foreign Countries, Interviews