ERIC Number: EJ734349
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep
An Online Questionnaire for Evaluating Students' and Teachers' Perceptions of Constructivist Multimedia Learning Environments
Maor, Dorit; Fraser, Barry J.
Research in Science Education, v35 n2-3 p221-244 Sep 2005
The purpose of this article is to describe the development, validation and use of the "Constructivist Multimedia Learning Environment Survey" (CMLES). This questionnaire assesses teachers' and students' perceptions of the learning environment when students use online multimedia programs while teachers use constructivism as a referent for their teaching. The design of the questionnaire was based on a constructivist approach to learning and focused on the process of learning with the multimedia program and on the nature of that program. Before the use of the CMLES becomes widespread, it was important to determine whether it is valid and reliable. Therefore, a study involving 221 students in 12 high school classrooms into statistical validation and interpretive validation of the questionnaire was undertaken. For this sample of Grade 10 and 11 students who completed the actual and preferred forms of the questionnaire, the CMLES scales demonstrated a high degree of internal consistency reliability (with alpha reliability coefficients ranging from .73 to .82), as well as satisfactory factorial validity and discriminant validity. Therefore, the study supports the reliability and validity of the CMLES for assessing students' and teachers' perceptions of one important aspect in evaluating learning environments which promote the use of multimedia programs and constructivist learning approaches.
Descriptors: Grade 10, Questionnaires, Teacher Attitudes, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Constructivism (Learning), Multimedia Instruction, Grade 11, Student Attitudes, Teacher Evaluation, Student Evaluation, Surveys, Computer Assisted Testing, Web Based Instruction, Teaching Methods, High School Students, Test Construction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 11
Authoring Institution: N/A