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Fraser, Barry J.; Aldridge, Jill M.; Adolphe, F. S. Gerard – Research in Science Education, 2010
This article reports a cross-national study of classroom environments in Australia and Indonesia. A modified version of the What Is Happening In this Class? (WIHIC) questionnaire was used simultaneously in these two countries to: 1) cross validate the modified WIHIC; 2) investigate differences between countries and sexes in perceptions of…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Factor Analysis, Foreign Countries, Classroom Environment
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Maor, Dorit; Fraser, Barry J. – Research in Science Education, 2005
The purpose of this article is to describe the development, validation and use of the "Constructivist Multimedia Learning Environment Survey" (CMLES). This questionnaire assesses teachers' and students' perceptions of the learning environment when students use online multimedia programs while teachers use constructivism as a referent for…
Descriptors: Grade 10, Questionnaires, Teacher Attitudes, Test Reliability