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Wieselmann, Jeanna R.; Keratithamkul, Khomson; Dare, Emily A.; Ring-Whalen, Elizabeth A.; Roehrig, Gillian H. – Research in Science Education, 2021
Integrated science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education is becoming increasingly common in K-12 classrooms, and small group activities are ubiquitous to STEM instruction. This article includes both theoretical and practical descriptions of a microethnographic approach to critical multimodal discourse analysis that we used to…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Power Structure, Group Dynamics, STEM Education
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Convertini, Josephine – Research in Science Education, 2021
The implementation of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) at school is one of the challenges of education in the twenty-first century, especially concerning the development of critical thinking during argumentative interactions. In this paper, I refer to an interdisciplinary approach with the aim to analyze the implicit…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Inferences
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Criswell, Brett A.; Rushton, Gregory T.; Shah, Lisa – Research in Science Education, 2021
The importance of how classroom discourse can be used to support science learning has gained national attention with respect to both science teaching and research across K12 and higher education. In this review article, we examine a commonly referenced set of nine frameworks for use in "science" classrooms. Specifically, we examine the…
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Discourse Analysis, Science Instruction, Elementary Secondary Education
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Martin, Jenny; Xu, Lihua; Seah, Lay Hoon – Research in Science Education, 2021
This article provides rich insights into the process of data generation for discourse analysis from three separate studies of the video recordings of a single science classroom in action. The central claim is that multimodal transcription can contribute to developments in discourse theory. A three-stage reflective heuristic is developed and used…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Science Instruction, Video Technology, Heuristics
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Colley, Carolyn; Windschitl, Mark – Research in Science Education, 2021
In science classrooms, the epistemic practices of explanation building and argumentation often extend over multiple episodes of talk during a single lesson or across several lessons. Analyzing this kind of discourse requires a way to identify patterns that emerge over time to better understand student participation and how teachers support…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Persuasive Discourse, Teaching Methods, Discourse Analysis
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Barreto, Lucas Passos; Rodrigues, Adriana Araújo Dutra; de Oliveira, Giordanna Camilla Bié; de Almeida, Laila Thayanne Gomes; Felix, Matheus Augusto Campelo; Silva, Penha de Souza; Quadros, Ana Luiza; Macedo, Andrea Mara; Mortimer, Eduardo Fleury – Research in Science Education, 2021
This research draws on Legitimation Code Theory (LCT) to understand the epistemic dimension of the higher education classroom discourse of a professor who is well evaluated by his students. In expository science classroom discourse, concepts are loaded with different meanings, a process that is called "condensation of meanings" in LCT,…
Descriptors: College Science, College Faculty, Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts
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Maeng, Seungho – Research in Science Education, 2021
This study provides two exemplars of how grammatical analysis of language use in elementary science classroom discourse enhances the explication of students' epistemic process in the language use in that discourse. Methodologically, both practical epistemology analysis (PEA) and discourse register analysis (DRA) from systemic functional…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Elementary School Students, Language Usage, Discourse Analysis
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Knain, Erik; Fredlund, Tobias; Furberg, Anniken – Research in Science Education, 2021
The meaning-making practices of science are multimodal and include representational forms such as spoken and written language, diagrams, graphs, equations, and images. Science learning proceeds through an ever-increasing grasp of such resources. This study aims at providing insight into how a combination of Interaction Analysis (IA) and social…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Freehand Drawing, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Franco, Luiz Gustavo; Munford, Danusa – Research in Science Education, 2021
One of the challenges for analysing science classroom discourse is a better understanding of intercontextual relationships in the learning process. In this paper, we used orientations from ethnography in education to organise and propose an analytical metaphor called the hourglass approach. It involves three phases of analysis that correspond to…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Classroom Communication, Science Instruction, Social Environment
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Wilmes, Sara E. D.; Siry, Christina – Research in Science Education, 2021
Science teaching and learning are discursive practices, yet analysis of these practices has frequently been grounded in theorizations that place language at the forefront of interaction and meaning-making. Such language-centric analytic approaches risk overlooking key embodied, enacted aspects of students' engagement in science practices. This…
Descriptors: Interaction, Multilingualism, Learner Engagement, Student Participation
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Matuk, Camillia; Hurwich, Talia; Spiegel, Amy; Diamond, Judy – Research in Science Education, 2021
Equitable learning opportunities are critical to the goals of science education. However, major curriculum standards are vague on how to achieve equity goals, and educators must often develop their own resources and strategies to achieve equity goals. This study examines how educators used a comic book series designed to interest youth in virology…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Cartoons, Science Instruction, Science Education
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Kiroglu, Kasim; Türk, Cumhur; Erdogan, Ibrahim – Research in Science Education, 2021
The aim of this study is to comparatively investigate the effects of hands-on models (HMs) and computer simulations (CSs) on teaching the phases and eclipses of the Moon. In this study, two different HMs were developed, and three different CSs were used. The research work group consisted of 100 pre-service science teachers. A quasi-experimental…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Science Instruction, Astronomy, Hands on Science
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Ludwig, Tobias; Priemer, Burkhard; Lewalter, Doris – Research in Science Education, 2021
Justifications play a central role in argumentation, which is a core topic in school science education. This paper contributes to this field of research by presenting two studies in which we assess students' justifications for supporting or rejecting hypotheses in the physics lab based on self-collected, anomalous experimental data, which are…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Science Process Skills, Hypothesis Testing, Physics
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France, Ann – Research in Science Education, 2021
The importance of using dialogue as a pedagogical tool to enhance student learning in science has been widely recognised in research literature. Effective classroom dialogue is dependent upon teaching which successfully engages students in critical thinking and deep learning, requiring many teachers to think and work differently in science…
Descriptors: Dialogs (Language), Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Classroom Communication
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Safadi, Rafi'; Saadi, Sheren – Research in Science Education, 2021
Self-diagnosis activities require students to self-diagnose their solutions to problems they solved on their own by detecting and explaining their errors. Worked examples, a step-by-step demonstration of how to solve a problem, are often used to support students in self-diagnosis activities. However, studies indicate that students often fail to…
Descriptors: Self Evaluation (Individuals), Student Evaluation, Problem Solving, High School Students
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