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Watson, F.; And Others – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1994
Grammar school students (n=1073) completed a repertory grid comprising 20 constructs to measure their perceptions of the difficulty of, intellectual freedom offered by, social benefit derived from, and interest in eight academic subjects. Results indicate that A level subjects are chosen on the basis of pupils' interest in and perceived academic…
Descriptors: Academic Education, Educational Research, Elementary Education, Elementary School Science
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Zoller, Uri; Ben-Chiam, David – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1994
Assesses and profiles the science technology, and society (STS) views, positions, beliefs, attitudes, and literacy of social studies and science prospective teachers and of practicing secondary school social studies and science teachers. Significant differences between the aforementioned groups are discussed. (ZWH)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Preservice Teacher Education, Science and Society, Science Education
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Tamir, Pinchas – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1994
Representative samples of 10-, 14-, and 17-year-old Israeli students, about 2,000 in each, responded to background questionnaires and a battery of tests and scales concerning their conceptions of the nature of science and views about the scientific enterprise. A comparison is made between Israeli, British, and U.S. students. (LZ)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Science and Society, Science Education
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Fetherstonhaugh, Tony – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1994
Demonstrates how repertory grid technique was used to elicit students' ideas about energy. Constructs were divided from a sample of 55 Western Australian year-9 secondary students. A call is made for the development of a learning approach which is based on the unique views of students. (LZ)
Descriptors: Energy, Energy Education, Foreign Countries, Learning Strategies
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Swatton, Peter – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1994
The Assessment of Performance Unit recognized the importance of reading and interpreting data but saw them as discrete aspects of "process" science. However, pupil performance on different components of the same data-handling assessment question is often very variable, indicating that these questions carry "hidden" cognitive…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Data Interpretation, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries
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Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1994
The understanding concerning radioactivity and radiation of pupils ages 11-16 was studied using a closed-form questionnaire with a large cohort of children and interviews with subsets of this group. A majority of children demonstrated confusion about the environmental impacts of radioactivity and radiation. (LZ)
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, High School Students, Junior High School Students
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Collings, J. N. – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1994
Demonstrates that 11-year-old children's scientific thinking in formal operational terms can be significantly developed through training in the cognitive style of field independence determined by the Group Embedded Figures Test. Suggests students could perform formal operationally if they had the skill of identifying the variables to be…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Field Dependence Independence, Formal Operations, Grade 5
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Barak, M.; And Others – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1994
A three-year experiment was carried out with the goal of helping low achieving high school students progress to matriculation level. Results show a change in the class atmosphere, and students' self-image and motivation improved. High achievers in technology studies in mechanics increased, and nonmatriculating students decreased. (LZ)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Instructional Improvement, Low Achievement
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Soyibo, Kola – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1994
To help in redressing a lack of studies on science teacher stress worldwide, this study reports on data from 230 high school teachers in Jamaica using a 40-item self-report instrument. The implications of the findings for the retention of science teachers and effective science teaching are underlined. (LZ)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Global Approach, Influences, Labor Turnover
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Garrett, R. M.; Jimenez, J. M. Sanchez – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1994
Seeks to remedy a lack of studies that make direct comparisons using specifically designed instruments. Builds upon a previous parallel study comparing the views of teachers from Spain and England on problem solving by examining pupils' opinions of problems and the difficulties they encounter when trying to solve them. (LZ)
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, High School Students, Problem Solving
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Brotherton, Peter N.; Preece, Peter F. W. – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1995
Assessed the science process skills and the Piagetian development level of about 90 secondary school students in years 7, 8, and 9. Found only a simple two-level hierarchy (basic and integrated) of process skills. Found considerable overlap between science process skills and Piagetian development level. (28 references) (Author)
Descriptors: Developmental Stages, Foreign Countries, Piagetian Theory, Science Education
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Tamir, Pinchas – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1995
Identified strategies high school students (n=174) use in studying from textbooks and their relationships to selected environmental and personal variables. Found some students always use the same strategies whereas others study differently for different purposes. Most study longer for tests. Outlines were the most widely used study tool. (15…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, High Schools, History
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Spicer, John I.; Bonsall, Marie – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1995
Taught comparative animal physiology to undergraduates (n=31) using student-centered (open-ended) investigations in small groups. Questionnaires and discussion found that students appeared to value learning through their own experience as highly as they did being taught and valued the opportunity to establish and develop skills less easily…
Descriptors: Biology, College Students, Higher Education, Physiology
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Rennie, Leonie J.; Jarvis, Tina – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1995
Writing/drawing activities, picture quizzes, and questionnaires of elementary school children in England and Australia found that the high profile of design and make in the England and Wales Technology National Curriculum was reflected by children's emphasis on model-making, an aspect generally ignored by Australian children. (34 references)…
Descriptors: Computers, Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Technology, Elementary Education
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Woolnough, Brian E. – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1995
Responses of about 1,210 sixth-formers were compared to responses of 268 who are going on to higher education to become scientists. Responses were analyzed concerning their reaction to different types of student activity in school science, factors which encouraged or discouraged them toward careers in science or engineering, and their…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Careers, Science Education, Science Instruction
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