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Showing 1 to 15 of 24 results Save | Export
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Broman, Karolina; Bernholt, Sascha; Parchmann, Ilka – Research in Science & Technological Education, 2015
Background: Context-based learning approaches are used to enhance students' interest in, and knowledge about, science. According to different empirical studies, students' interest is improved by applying these more non-conventional approaches, while effects on learning outcomes are less coherent. Hence, further insights are needed into the…
Descriptors: Science Education, Chemistry, Context Effect, Problem Solving
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Berglund, Teresa; Gericke, Niklas; Chang Rundgren, Shu-Nu – Research in Science & Technological Education, 2014
Background: Sustainable development (SD) is a complex idea, based on environmental, economic and social dimensions. In line with SD, education for sustainable development (ESD) is an approach to teaching that combines cognitive and affective domains and aims to build empowerment abilities. Purpose: The purpose of this article is to investigate…
Descriptors: Sustainable Development, Teaching Methods, Foreign Countries, Consciousness Raising
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St Clair-Thompson, Helen; Overton, Tina; Botton, Chris – Research in Science & Technological Education, 2010
The current review is concerned with an information processing model used in science education. The purpose is to summarise the current theoretical understanding, in published research, of a number of factors that are known to influence learning and achievement. These include field independence, working memory, long-term memory, and the use of…
Descriptors: Science Education, Models, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style
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Hindal, Huda; Reid, Norman; Badgaish, Manal – Research in Science & Technological Education, 2009
A range of characteristics of learners is described and their relationship to working memory discussed in the context of teaching and learning in the sciences. The characteristics are extent of field dependency, visual spatial abilities, divergency and convergency. These learner characteristics were measured for a large sample of school pupils…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Foreign Countries, Sciences, Students
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Trend, Roger; Everett, Lynn; Dove, Jane – Research in Science and Technological Education, 2000
Reports on research into children's understanding of mountainous landscapes and mountain genesis as revealed in their drawing and modeling representations and in subsequent interviews. Compares younger and older children aged 7-11 from United Kingdom inner city schools. Concludes that the interpretation of children's pictures is problematic and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Concept Formation, Elementary Schools, Environmental Education
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Asami, Noriaki; King, Julien; Monk, Martin – Research in Science and Technological Education, 2000
Focuses on the familiar problem of students' understanding of elementary electrical circuits from a much neglected point of view. Suggests that the patterning commonly found in students' ideas might have its roots in the cognitive processing with which students operate their mental models of d.c. electrical circuits. Studies Japanese 10-11 year…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Constructivism (Learning), Electric Circuits
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Monk, Martin – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1990
This study reports a new analysis of data on children's ideas about direct current (DC) electrical circuits. The analysis is theoretically informed by Piagetian stage theory of genetic epistemology. The limits of the genetic epistemology are discussed. (KR)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Concept Formation, Developmental Stages
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Adigwe, J. C. – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1992
Reports on specific problem-solving difficulties of 240 chemistry teachers from 5 Nigerian states who volunteered to take part in 3 written tests and an interview. Describes the contrasts between successful and unsuccessful problem solvers, and discusses the pedagogical and psychological implications of the findings. (16 references) (JJK)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Cognitive Processes, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Tests
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Rowell, Jack A.; Dawson, Chris J. – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1984
Investigated the efficacy of an instructional program designed to induce students to construct a mental scheme in which experimental design and natural experiments are understood as facets of the same problems and which incorporates a general solution procedure applicable to both. Results show a highly significant posttest achievement by the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Processes, Grade 8, Problem Solving
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Ryan, Charly – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1990
Described in this study are student teachers' frameworks of purity and the related concepts of the states of matter. The concept of natural versus pure substances, classifying states of matter, and implications for teaching drawn from the results are discussed. (Author/KR)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Classification, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes
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Okebukola, Peter Akinsola – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1992
Students (n=40) who had experienced cooperative and individualistic concept-mapping experiences performed significantly better in solving three biological problems than did control students (n=20). No significant differences were found between students who mapped concepts cooperatively and those who mapped individually. There were mixed results…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Analysis of Variance, Biology, Cognitive Processes
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Niaz, Mansoor – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1989
The purpose of this study was to develop a procedure for the evaluation of M-demand of chemistry problems. It was shown that dimensional analysis upon the Neo-Piagetian theory of Pascual-Leone could help science teachers to understand the epistemological basis of their discipline. (CW)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Psychology
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Niaz, Mansoor – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1988
The effect of manipulation of the perceptual field factors on undergraduate student performance in proportional reasoning tasks was investigated. Evidence was found to support the hypothesis that the manipulation of the perceptual field factor can affect student performance. Reports data correlated with the Group Embedded-Figures Test. (CW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, College Freshmen, College Science, Epistemology
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Shemesh, Michal; Lazarowitz, Reuven – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1988
Examined the effects of Piagetian-like tasks' characteristics on the performance of those tasks by different age group students. Indicates the method of task presentation had an effect only on young students' performance, while numerical content had an effect on the majority of students in all grades. (Author/CW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Tests
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Olarewaju, Adedayo O. – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1987
Describes a study that was designed to apply the learning hierarchy paradigm in an instructional unit in high school biology. Findings indicated that regardless of the pupils' sex or the type of school, students taught the hierarchically organized learning task achieved significantly higher than students whose learning task was not hierarchically…
Descriptors: Biology, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures, Foreign Countries
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