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Tamir, Pinchas; Gardner, Paul – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1989
The purpose of this study was to identify interest patterns related to high school biology. Eight task dimensions were established before testing. Findings include: the highest interest was in human biology topics and students whose parents' employment was science related showed higher interest in biology. (CW)
Descriptors: Biology, High Schools, Science and Society, Science Careers
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Happs, John C.; Stead, Keith – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1989
Considered are two commonly used techniques, the interview and word association techniques. Highlighted is a third technique called the repertory grid. This third technique can be used to interpret students' knowledge based on an explicit, psychological theory of human behavior. (Author/CW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Structures, Evaluation Methods, Interviews
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Lock, Roger – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1989
Reported is a study of the relationships between the component skills involved in practical work assessment. Skills assessed included observing, manipulating, planning, interpreting, reporting, and self-reliance. The literature relating to inter-skill relationships is reviewed. (CW)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Intermode Differences
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Barenholz, Hanna; Tamir, Pinchas – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1992
Describes the use of concept mapping (CM) in design, instruction, and assessment related to microbiology lessons prepared for high school students in Israel. Indicates that students utilizing CM displayed an overall, higher achievement gain than students in traditional classes. Recognizes that some teachers did not thoroughly exploit the potential…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Cognitive Style, Concept Formation, Concept Mapping
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Niaz, Mansoor; Robinson, William R. – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1992
Compares performances of students on gas-law problems that require two distinct approaches, either the algorithmic technique or the conceptual gestalt. Indicates that student effectiveness is considerably different utilizing each approach and that training or experience with the algorithm process should not be expected to facilitate the…
Descriptors: Algorithms, Chemistry, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Style
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Bransky, Judith; And Others – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1992
Compares the reasoning capabilities of preservice elementary school teachers before and after their involvement in a remedial science program that incorporated instruction in basic conceptual knowledge with reasoning strategies about manipulation of variables and logical inference. Discussion of results emphasizes recurring logical fallacies. (22…
Descriptors: Cognitive Restructuring, Concept Formation, Elementary School Science, Elementary School Teachers
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Adigwe, J. C. – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1992
Reports on specific problem-solving difficulties of 240 chemistry teachers from 5 Nigerian states who volunteered to take part in 3 written tests and an interview. Describes the contrasts between successful and unsuccessful problem solvers, and discusses the pedagogical and psychological implications of the findings. (16 references) (JJK)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Cognitive Processes, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Tests
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Jegede, Olugbemiro J.; Okebukola, Peter A. – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1989
The purpose of this study was to determine the socio-cultural factors which mitigate against the learning and teaching of science in the secondary school. It was found that authoritarianism, goal structure, the African world-view, societal expectation, and sacredness of science have significant effects on the learning of science. (CW)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science and Society, Science Education, Secondary Education
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Niaz, Mansoor – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1989
The purpose of this study was to develop a procedure for the evaluation of M-demand of chemistry problems. It was shown that dimensional analysis upon the Neo-Piagetian theory of Pascual-Leone could help science teachers to understand the epistemological basis of their discipline. (CW)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Psychology
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Lock, Roger; Dunkerton, John – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1989
Described is the evaluation of an inservice course on biotechnology. Evaluated were the influence that the course had on teacher knowledge, use of practical work, problem solving investigations and theoretical aspects of biotechnology. A practical model of inservice evaluation is provided. (Author/CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Evaluation Methods, Inservice Teacher Education, Science and Society
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Menis, Joseph – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1989
This paper examines the affective components which were an integral part of science goals of the 1980's using data from the Second IEA Science Study in the United States. Data indicated that students in the United States were generally positive about chemistry and science. (CW)
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Affective Measures, Chemistry, High Schools
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Streumer, Jan N; Doornekamp, B. Gerald – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1989
This study assessed the achievement of 14/15 year-old pupils related to technology. The total mean score for the boys was significantly higher than that of the girls. Father's education was significantly related to achievement. (Author/CW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Middle Schools, Science Education, Secondary Education
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Jegede, Olugbemiro J. – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1989
Reported is a study in which secondary school students assessed their teachers for characteristics of effective science teaching. It was shown that the instrument used was highly valid and reliable and that secondary school students could effectively assess their teachers' pre-classroom characteristics, teaching behaviors, personality, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Integrated Curriculum, Reliability, Science Education
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Dreyfus, Amos; Mazouz, Yossef – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1992
Assesses the ability of tenth grade students (n=364) to acquire meanings of graphs that are frequently used in their biology textbooks. Indicates that the main source of failure to process information equally well from tables and graphs was not a lack of basic analytical skills but rather a lack of understanding of the relationship between…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Biology, Cognitive Processes, Critical Thinking
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Brown, C. R.; And Others – Research in Science and Technological Education, 1992
Scrutinizes the assessment of students' practical skills, in an honors-level biology examination, for construct validity utilizing both correlational and factor analytical methods to explore relationships between students' practical (laboratory) and theoretical (written) performances. Indicates that teacher assessment of practical skills resulted…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Biology, Construct Validity, Correlation
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